Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Recognition of Alexander Lukashenko as lawfully elected President of the Republic of Belarus contradicts to the state interests of Russia

Appeal of the deputies of regional legislative assemblies of the Russian Federation, 12.08.2020

On August 9, 2020, Svetlana Tikhanovskaya won the presidential elections in the Republic of Belarus. Numerous evidence gives every reason to believe that the election results were falsified. Alexander Lukashenko was declared the winner of the elections, against the will of the Belarusian people.

The scale of falsifications was record-breaking in the entire post-Soviet history of Belarus. Thousands of people across the country have been involved in criminal vote rigging. It is obvious that these actions were managed by the Central Electoral Commission of Belarus.


The highest state authority in Belarus has been usurped. The country continues to be governed by a politician who has not been elected to his office by the people.


Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, the elected President of the Republic of Belarus, was forced to leave the country, obviously, there were criminal threats in relation to her and her relatives, that forced her out of the territory of Belarus. Violence against the elected head of state and her family members is a particularly grave crime.


In response to the just and legitimate indignation of millions of voters in Belarus, massive political repressions were launched on the order of Lukashenko involving units of the armed forces, police and special forces. Dozens of thousands of people were severely beaten, thousands were detained and arrested, many were wounded, and there are reports on those killed. There are Russian citizens among the detainees. Their relatives do not know anything about the whereabouts and condition of a significant part of the detained and arrested. There is ample evidence of torture.


The security, defence and law enforcement structures of Belarus publicly display monstrous cruelty, evoking associations with the darkest times of the 20th century, including the atrocities of the invaders that took place on the territory of Belarus during the Second World War. Over the course of several days, the security forces who participated in the suppression of the popular protest committed grave and especially grave criminal offenses. The general scale of violence allows us to speak of a crime against humanity, justice for which is not limited to the territoriality of the state.


Since August 10, 2020, the political system of the Republic of Belarus can be defined as a fascist dictatorship. Supporting this dictatorship in any form is immoral.


In such a situation, Russian President Vladimir Putin, on the morning of August 10, congratulated Alexander Lukashenko on his victory in the elections, thereby recognising such elections as lawful, and Lukashenko as the legitimate head of state.


Acting on behalf of Russia, Vladimir Putin in no way assessed the situation with human and civil rights and freedoms in Belarus, supported not the Belarusian society in its just demand for free and fair elections, but a politician who usurped power. This action directly contradicts the state interests of Russia as a democratic state.


We see an obvious political continuity of the policies of Alexander Lukashenko in Belarus and Vladimir Putin in Russia. The destruction of the constitutional foundations of the state, the “reset” of the presidential terms [for Vladimir Putin], the elimination of public policy, the abolition of the independence of the courts, the omnipotence of the special services, the suppression of freedom of speech and freedom of assembly, the criminalisation of elections sadly brings together the developments in our countries.


We see a direct political projection of the barbaric events in Belarus in 2020 on the upcoming parliamentary and 2024 presidential elections in Russia in 2021.


The legitimisation of the lifelong rule of Alexander Lukashenko in Belarus corresponds to the same legitimisation of the lifelong rule of Vladimir Putin in Russia.


We, deputies of the regional legislative assemblies of the Russian Federation, representing the interests of all democratic voters in Russia, declare our non-recognition of the official results of the presidential elections in the Republic of Belarus and our solidarity with the demands of the civil society of Belarus on the illegitimacy of the power of Alexander Lukashenko.


We demand the immediate release of all political prisoners in Belarus, including Russian citizens, and the initiation of criminal cases against all persons who ordered, organised and carried out mass violence against civilians. If it is impossible to conduct an independent investigation and a fair trial on the territory of the Republic of Belarus, we consider it necessary to create a special international tribunal for the events of August 2020 in Belarus and conduct a public investigation of all the crimes.


We consider it unacceptable for the Russian Federation to recognise the elections of the President of the Republic of Belarus and the official results of these elections as legitimate. We consider it impossible to sign with Alexander Lukashenko any interstate documents regulating relations between our countries.


We believe that the President of Russia had to mediate in the negotiations on recognition by Alexander Lukashenko of his defeat in the elections, his resignation of his powers and the transfer of power to the legally elected President of the Republic of Belarus Svetlana Tikhanovskaya.



This task remains urgent. The establishment of civil peace and the restoration of the rule of law in Belarus are impossible without its implementation.


We demand from the federal bodies of state power of Russia public guarantees of unconditional legal protection for all Russian citizens who have suffered from violence in Belarus, and immediate action to release them.


We call on all politicians and ordinary citizens of Russia to show maximum solidarity with the citizens of Belarus.


Belarus will be free.


Russia will be free.



Deputies of regional legislative assemblies of the Russian Federation


The Moscow City Duma: Yevgeny Bunimovich (Yabloko), Daria Besedina (Yabloko), Maxim Kruglov (Yabloko), Sergei Mitrokhin (Yabloko), Mikhail Timonov

Законодательное собрание Санкт-Петербурга: Максим Резник, Борис Вишневский («Яблоко»)

The Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg: Maxim Reznik, Boris Vishnevsky (Yabloko)


The Legislative Assembly of the Republic of Karelia: Ivan Gusev (Yabloko), Emilia Slabunova (Yabloko)


The Pskov Regional Assembly of Deputies: Artur Gaiduk (Yabloko), Lev Shlosberg (Yabloko)


The Astrakhan Regional Duma: Dmitry Anufriyev (Yabloko)