Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Protect the lives and rights of citizens!

Decision by the Yabloko Bureau, 16.12.2021

The position of the Yabloko party on government bills on QR codes and necessary priority measures to combat the spread of coronavirus infection

Update. The party’s position was sent to the Government of the Russian Federation and the State Duma of the Russian Federation.

Photo by Artyom Krasnov / Kommersant

The Yabloko party declares that a person’s right to a healthy life, without an increased risk of infection and infecting his/her loved ones, must be protected. Deliberate refusal from vaccination, often based on pseudoscientific and conspiracy theories, turns into a “right” to infect other people and expose their lives and the lives of their loved ones to danger, and runs counter to the fundamental value – the human right to life.

Restrictions for visiting public places, as well as for travel by rail and air transport can be introduced as a forced measure to stimulate vaccination, but at the same time they should be part of a unified state policy to protect citizens from coronavirus infection.


The Ybloko party believes that the bills* developed by the Government of the Russian Federation cannot be supported in the present form. We believe they require significant development and a real public discussion that has not taken place.


We believe that the measures taken by the Government of the Russian Federation should not violate the rights and discriminate against people who were vaccinated with foreign vaccines, had the infection without turning to medical institutions, but have a high level of neutralising antibodies to COVID-19 and those who, due to medical errors, were not diagnosed a new coronavirus infection, but who have developed a high level of immunity to COVID-19.


The Yabloko party is convinced that the introduction of restrictions must be accompanied by the adoption of measures that will not allow to use these restrictions so that to violate the fundamental rights and freedoms of citizens. If Russia were today a democratic, not an authoritarian state, there would be no such fears. Yabloko considers it necessary to consolidate guarantees that these restrictions will be lifted immediately after normalisation of the epidemiological situation in Russia.


The Yabloko party notes the catastrophic inefficiency of the actions of the Russian authorities during the pandemic – in terms of the morbidity rate, Russia is among the group of countries with the most unfavorable situation as of the pandemic.


The authorities completely failed the vaccination programme, provoking, by their propaganda actions and deliberate discrediting of foreign vaccines, citizens’ distrust of the Russian vaccine.


The adoption of multidirectional measures causes a general distrust of citizens in the measures taken and significantly reduces their efficiency. By introducing lockdowns and selectively restricting citizens’ access to certain public places, prohibiting even single pickets under the pretext of a pandemic, manipulating for its own purposes the statistics of sick and dead from infection, the authorities “forgot” about the coronavirus danger when it was necessary to vote on amendments to the Constitution and conduct mass festivities, thereby only increasing public distrust in their actions.



The Yabloko party considers it necessary to conduct the following urgent measures:


– Immediately provide the World Health Organisation with all the necessary documents and materials for the recognition of the Sputnik V vaccine by WHO;


– Allow all the vaccines registered by WHO for use in the Russian Federation and recognise them in the territory of Russia;


– Make it as easy as possible for Russian citizens to access vaccination in all regions of the country;


– Ensure the issuance of certificates with QR codes to all citizens who have medical contraindications or who have recovered from COVID-19 (having a high level of neutralising antibodies determined by the healthcare authorities), regardless of whether they have applied to medical institutions and whether they have been officially diagnosed COVID-19. Before vaccination, provide mandatory free testing for the level of neutralising COVID-19 antibodies and PCR tests;


– Provide free distribution of personal protective equipment to citizens and their use in public places (following the example of installing sanitizers in the Moscow metro);


– In all regions of the Russian Federation provide for elderly people, people with limited mobility and those not having computer literacy, the possibility of vaccination at home (and deliver vaccination certificates to their homes);


– Completely abandon the use of the coronavirus threat to selectively restrict public events (primarily in the form of single pickets);


– Introduce material incentives for those vaccinated (who in the perspective will save money for their treatment) and provide for life and health insurance at the expense of the federal budget for all vaccinated;


– Monitor strict adherence to the “mask mode” in public transport.


Yabloko considers it unacceptable to grant governors the right to establish and expand the list of public places where access is restricted to citizens who do not have a QR code.


Yabloko stands for stimulating voluntary vaccination and preventing violations of citizens’ rights.


Nikolai Rybakov,

Yabloko Chairman


* Draft Federal Law “On Amendments to Article 107 of the Air Code of the Russian Federation and the Federal Law “The Bylaws of Railway Transport of the Russian Federation” (on ensuring measures to protect the population in the context of the spread of a new coronavirus infection during transportation by domestic and international flights and long-distance trains) and the draft Federal Law “On Amendments to the Federal Law “On the Sanitary and Epidemiological Well-Being of the Population” (regarding the introduction of certain restrictive measures in order to prevent the spread of a new coronavirus infection).