Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Political prisoner Nikolai Kavkazsky joined YABLOKO

Press Release, December 6, 2013

Human rights defender, political prisoner Nikolai Kavkazsky who was charged with the Bolotnaya Square Case joined the YABLOKO party.image

Actually, Nikolai Kavkazsky joined YABLOKO in 2007. He participated in the party’s work and campaigns. In 2011 Nikolai was elected Deputy Chair of the Moscow branch of Youth YABLOKO and ran for the Deputy of the State Duma at the parliamentary elections in 2011 as YABLOKO candidate. But in 2012 Kavkazsky left the party to devote himself to the development of a decent social-democratic movement in Russia.

But on July 25, 2012, Nikolai Kavkazsky’s flat was searched and he was arrested by the Investigative Committee agents. Nikolai spent more than a year in a pre-trail detention centre and on August 2, 2013, his detention was changed to home arrest. The activist was charged with participation in mass riots (paragraph 2, article 212 of the Russian Criminal Code), but was amnestied on December 19. According to the accusation, Kavkazsky hit a policeman. An independent investigation undertaken by a journalist from the “” human rights organization implies that Nikolai was not beating the policeman but was rather dodging the blows.

The Bolotnaya Square Criminal Case followed a peaceful protest against election fraud and Putin’s inauguration on May 6, 2012. According to eyewitnesses, the riot police suddenly blocked the way to Bolotnaya square where the sanctioned rally was planned to take place, thus provoking a clash with the protesters. More than 400 people were detained and beaten by riot police that day. A criminal case was opened later. The Investigative Committee have established 27 suspects and two of them have already been sentenced to 2.5 years and 4.5 years imprisonment. Well-known human rights defenders, politicians and civil activists claim the case is politically motivated.
However, the State Duma passed the amnesty bill on December 18, 2013. Nikolai Kavkazsky, Vladimir Akimenkov, Leonid Kovyazin and Maria Baronova were amnestied the next day. Four more prisoners are expected to be realized soon.
Nikolay Kavkazsky’s health conditions had grown worse in detention as he suffers from multiple diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, headaches, scoliosis, respiratory failure, heart disease, gastritis, allergy, dermatitis. His lawyers Sergey Minnenkov and Vadim Kluvgant (also lawyer of Mikhail Khodorkovsky) had drawn the attention of court to the fact that Kavkazsky was denied in treatment many times.

Nikolai Kavkazsky is a famous opposition activist known as a human rights defender. He is a lawyer at the Committee For Civil Rights headed by Andrei Babushkin (member of Presidential Council for Human Rights, YABLOKO Bureau member). Kavkazsky is also known as a feminist and LGBT rights defender. He had recently published several articles on the social-liberal alternative, rights of prisoners, nationalism, juvenile justice and coming 2014 elections to the Moscow City Duma.

Nikolai decided to join YABLOKO again and also became member of the three YABLOKO’s factions: Youth YABLOKO, Gender faction, Social-democratic Faction. This is how he commented on his choice:
“YABLOKO is the party that unites democrats, not just democrats, but opponents of all kinds of nationalism. The main differences between YABLOKO and the other Russian parties are honesty, progressiveness and consistent participation in mass democratic opposition actions and rallies. Moreover, YABLOKO is the only party in Russia that has factions which enables the inner-party discussion and democracy. I voted for Sergei Mitrokhin at the Moscow mayoral elections. One of the main reasons for this is Mitrokhin’s tolerant attitude to migrants in comparison with the other mayoral candidates,” said Nikolai Kavkazsky.

Nikolai arrived at YABLOKO office right after the court declared he was amnestied. YABLOKO leader Sergei Mitrokhin congratulated Kavkazsky and welcomed his decision to join the party. “YABLOKO is a social liberal party, but we have a Social Democratic faction so that we could have a true dialogue with people of more left-wing views. I’m glad that the party’s structure allows to do so,” commented Sergei Mitrokhin.

The YABLOKO party claims that all the Bolotnaya prisoners should be amnestied. YABLOKO participates in the rallies for freedom of the Bolotnaya Case prisoners and claims the activists are innocent and should be released immediately. YABLOKO activists usually come to the court hearings to support the political prisoners and call other representatives of civil society to do so.


Nikolai Kavkazsky at a round table on juvenile justice


In the courtroom


Picketing for contract based army

image image