Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

On the dangers of eliminating the international nuclear arms control system

Statement by the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko, 3.12.2019

The Federal Political Committee of the Russian United Democratic Party Yabloko expresses its deep concern over the termination of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF Treaty), the US intention to withdraw from the Open Sky Treaty, and the uncertain prospects for extending the existing or concluding a new strategic offensive arms reduction (START) treaty.

All this develops into a tendency to destroy the world security system in terms of arms control.


Perhaps its individual elements are out of date; definitely, the realities of the modern world, such as technological changes and the increased military role of China, must be taken into account. However, instead of finding solutions or even setting these problems, we are witnessing a quick and comprehensive breakdown without offering any alternative, in addition to general declarations and good wishes.


It is in Russia’s national interests to maintain a global nuclear weapon control system and adapt it to modern conditions. This is indeed a very difficult task, the solution of which requires political will, diplomatic skill and high professionalism. However, for more than a decade, the Russian leadership has been pursuing a policy in exactly the opposite direction.


In our opinion, the political leadership of Russia is not making enough efforts to maintain the international security system in the field of nuclear weapons, but instead is leading to a full-scale arms race, despite the fact that it is already seriously affecting the financing of Russian education, health care, and retirement benefits.


A huge (even by the standards of the past Cold War) programme is underway to rearm all three types of strategic nuclear forces (including the deployment of 400 new intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) and the construction of eight nuclear strategic submarines). The basis of this policy is the myths widespread in higher political circles about the inconsistency of the nuclear weapons agreements with Russian national interests. In particular, President Putin has publicly stated that the conclusion of the Treaty on the Elimination of Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles in 1987 was “virtually unilateral disarmament” for the USSR.


This is completely untrue.


The Russian military doctrine, according to Vladimir Putin, is a retaliatory strike, that is, the launch of missiles at the signal of early warning systems before the missiles of the other side reach their goals. This concept has been known for a long time and means that within a few minutes or even seconds it is necessary to make a decision on the use of nuclear weapons based on information from military departments (often contradictory), under stress, under tremendous psychological pressure. Meanwhile, there have been many examples of false alarm from early warning satellites and erroneous assessments of the actions of the armed forces of other states. In addition, early warning systems may become the object of attack by anti-satellite systems or cyber diversions in the near future.


The arms race is becoming the basis of Vladimir Putin’s policy. So, at a meeting of the Security Council on November 22, 2019, Vladimir Putin said, “We were able to actually take a step forward in comparison with other leading military countries of the world – certainly, we must strive to maintain this state in the future …” However, criticism of the United States and the West as a whole, often quite justified, is used as a means of escalating anti-American and anti-Western propaganda, and not as a basis for finding a solution to strategic contradictions. Over the past few years, Russia has not proposed, but for the ultimatum requirements, any concrete and realistic options for solving the problems of missile defence, high-precision strategic conventional weapons, anti-satellite systems, the next START treaty and saving the INF Treaty.


However, Russia’s interests lie in a different field: not in substantiating the unwinding of the flywheel of the arms race, but in persistent initiatives to prevent it.


The Federal Political Committee of the Russian United Democratic Party Yabloko supports the proposals of leading Russian experts and specialists in the field of disarmament to immediately initiate negotiations between Russia and the USA, at least, on the following topics:


  • ensuring, within the context of the next START treaty, the limitation of strategic offensive arms, including aircraft cruise missiles and air bombs to equip heavy bombers;
  • establishment of ceilings for the number of ground-based intercontinental cruise missiles, as well as intercontinental missile-planning hypersonic systems, regardless of the type of their warheads;
  • agreement on partial orbital ICBMs and autonomous long-range submarine vehicles;
  • coordination of the measures of transparency and delineation of missile defence systems for destabilising strategic (global) defence against intercontinental missiles and regional missile defence and air defence systems for protection against medium-range missiles in order to limit the former and resolve the latter;
  • initiating negotiations on space weapons, starting with a ban on testing anti-satellite systems of any kind;
  • real dialogue on the mutual rejection of the means and methods of cyberattacks against the top echelon of information and control systems of each other.


The danger of nuclear war resulting from the termination of the INF Treaty and other agreements, the unfolding arms race is so great that it requires fundamentally new foreign policy approaches and high-quality modern diplomacy.


We insist that the security of our country in the 21st century needs successful negotiations on arms control, rather than new missiles, airplanes and lasers, and we demand that the Russian leadership take decisive action in this direction.


The future of Russia is not in the arms race, but in the creation of a modern system of international security.


Grigory Yavlinsky,

Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of the Yabloko Party


Grigory Yavlinsky is Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of the Yabloko Party, Vice-President of Liberal International. Doctor of Economics, Professor of the National Research University “Higher School of Economics”.