Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

On the causes of the national catastrophe

Decision by the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko No. 153, dated 15 April, 2022

Published on 21 April, 2022

Photo by Anatoly Zhdanov/Kommersant

The Political Committee of the Russian United Democratic Party Yabloko regards the events taking place since February 24 as the collapse of the post-Soviet Russian statehood.

What has happened resulted from the failure of post-Soviet modernisation. For 30 years, stable economic, political, and social institutions that are vital for a modern state, such as the separation of powers, an independent judiciary, transparent competitive elections providing the possibility of a change of power, inviolable private property, an economically independent media, have not been created.

The prerequisites for the failure of modernisation were created in the 1990s, when, due to gross errors in the reforms – hyperinflation allowed because of incompetence and the openly criminal privatisation of the Soviet state property through loans-for-shares auctions – the state and property merged and the corresponding economic, political and social system was created.


The emergence of an authoritarian unrestricted ruler did not happen by accident or a mistake. This was a conscious choice, predetermined by the logic of the system created due to the reforms of the 1990s.


The desire to preserve the results of the unfair and criminal division of property, the task of protecting the interests of the artificially created oligarchy and the foundations of the emerging corporate-mafia system led to the fact that instead of using the historical opportunity to modernise Russia, an authoritarian organisation of power was fixed, which seeks unlimited domination and ensuring its own irremovability.


Another key prerequisite for the catastrophe that has occurred was the refusal of official post-Soviet Russia from a clear state-public assessment of the October 1917 coup, Bolshevism, Stalinism, and the Soviet system. There are reasons to regard this not as a mistake, but as a conscious policy: over the course of 30 post-Soviet years, our country has consistently moved towards the concept of Russia as the heir to the USSR, reproducing the main features of the Bolshevik system.


A significant part of the Russian post-Soviet intelligentsia and intellectuals failed to realise the futility and danger of building a corporate-oligarchic state in Russia.


Since its foundation, Yabloko has represented and offered the Russians an alternative to this dead-end path.


However, our heavy responsibility to the people and the country is that we could not convince [people] of the unacceptability and extreme danger of this policy for our people and country, win a political victory and prevent the consolidation of a system based on the merger of property and power, and protected by police-authoritarian methods.


We affirm that the future of our country is connected with the realisation of the need for modernisation and creation of a modern European Russian state on fundamentally new modern foundations:

– through overcoming Bolshevism on a deeper level than simply changing the symbols;

– responsible dismantling of the merger of power and property;

– creation of new state institutions, the meaning and basis of which will be the embodiment of human values.


The task of the Party is to promote the possibility of developing different semantic trends – conservatives, including Christian Democrats, liberals and greens, as well as social democrats, and so that they could further form a semantic base for the entire Russian political system in the diversity that our society will be able to create in the future: meanings must be taken care of in advance, already now.


Scientifically based preparation, political promotion and practical implementation of these foundations in the Russian reality is the goal and meaning of all the activities of the Russian United Democratic Party Yabloko in the new conditions.


Grigory Yavlinsky,

Chairman of the Yabloko Federal Political Committee