Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

 “Not the last saint”. The last respects are paid to Andrei Babushkin in Moscow

The human rights defender died at the age of 58 on 14 May

Press Release, 17.05.2022

Hundreds of people came to the House of Human Rights in Smolensky Boulevard, Moscow, so that to pay their last respects to Andrei Babushkin: colleagues of Andrei Babushkin in the human rights movement, members of the Presidential Council for Human Rights, including its former and current Chairmen Mikhail Fedotov and Valery Fadeyev, and, certainly, Andrei Babushkin’s friends and colleagues in the Yabloko party, in which he has been a member since 1999.

The ceremony was attended by Yabloko Chairman Nikolai Rybakov, Chairman of the Yabloko Federal Political Committee Grigory Yavlinsky, Deputy Chairman of Yabloko Sergei Ivanenko, members of the Political Committee Valery Borshchyov, Sergei Mitrokhin, Yevgeny Bunimovich and Alexander Shishlov, members of the Federal Bureau of Yabloko Olga Tsepilova, Anatoly Golov, Kirill Goncharov, Maxim Kruglov and Grigory Grishin.


Nikolai Rybakov said that Andrei Babushkin was a real politician, because “politics in our country is protection of human rights”. More human rights activists would come, however, there can be no one like him, he is absolutely unique, Rybakov stressed. “It was an honour for thousands of citizens in our country to work together with Andrei Babushkin at Yabloko,” Rybakov concluded.


Sergei Mitrokhin, a member of the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko and deputy of the Moscow City Duma, stressed that “Andrei was a politician, and a very serious one, and non-ordinary person”.


“The most specific thing he did in politics was that he brought morality into it, he brought human things into it. In a way that only he could do. This is a unique person. Ascetic. Such people are unique at all times, but in our difficult, terrible time, he will be especially missed. He will forever remain in our memory. Thank you, Andrei, for your wonderful, great life,” Mitrokhin said.


Yevgeny Bunimovich, a member of the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko, deputy of the Moscow City Duma and ex Ombudsman for Children’s Rights in Moscow, said, “Those who met and talked with Andrei, they knew that he was always and everywhere late. Although everyone, certainly, understood that at that moment he was not busy with himself, but with someone else, and that this particular someone’s fate, this particular life is more important than any meeting or conference at any level. He was always late… But here everything happened so insanely early, and it is impossible to wrap our minds around it.


… As a children’s ombudsman, I used to sit down with him, and, well, there seemed to be nothing for us that could be a clue in the case, that nothing could help there. But next to him it was impossible not to try to do something else. The most striking thing was that sometimes it worked out, although it seemed that there was no chance…


…Andrei had absolute accuracy of thought, absolute knowledge of legislative nuances, which, frankly speaking, even those who were obliged to know did not know, and which he knew 150%.


I was always struck by his benevolence towards those for whom it seemed difficult to feel it. And those whom he helped were not always the most positive people, and those to whom he turned for help were also not always in line with their posts, but they all also became better for at least five minutes because of his benevolence, they even felt something more human in themselves than ever before.


There is such a phrase “irreparable loss” in the civil memorial service. But in this case, it is absolutely true. I see many excellent human rights defenders in this hall who know a lot and can do a lot, but they also realise that the place that Andrei occupied cannot be filled in.


I have now recollected another tragic death, the death of my friend both in life and in Yabloko, [investigative journalist and a Yabloko MP] Yuri Shchekochikhin [who was poisoned]. [Poet] Andrei Voznesensky wrote a poem then that ended with the words “the last saint in Russia”. Today we realise that he [Yuri] had been not the last. We realise that there is some chance that there will be more. Andrei did a lot some that more such people could emerge.”


Grigory Yavlinsky, Chairman of the Yabloko Federal Political Committee and Yabloko founder, said:

“Andrei Babushkin was an absolutely amazing person. Who else could seeing a beggar lying on the ground, take him to his home, put him in his bed, lie down on the floor next to him, and the next day repeat it again if faced with this. Only he could do this.


He is not a human rights defender, he is a Human. Sorry, but this is much higher. He is real. Everyone who was next to him, who was friends with him, should understand that it was a great honour to simply shake hands with him. For us Yabloko, all these 25, it is a great honour that Andrei Babushkin was with us. It was a great honour for us that Sergei Kovalev was with us. We will always try to live up to these people.


Let you memory, Andrei, be eternal.”


Andrei Babushkin was buried at the Mitino Cemetery in Moscow.



is a member of the Federal Bureau of Yabloko. Chairman of the public human rights charitable organisation Committee for Civil Rights, member of the Council for the Development of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation