Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Nikolai Rybakov elected Chairman of the Yabloko party

Press Release, 15.12.2019

Nikolai Rybakov became the fourth Chairman of the Yabloko party: 69 delegates of the 21st Yabloko Congress cast their votes for his candidacy. Lev Shlosberg, head of the Pskov branch of the party Lev Shlosberg came second (40 votes), Emilia Slabunova was the third (19 votes).

Other candidates for the Chairman of the party – Oleg Vinogradov, Chairman of the Yaroslavl branch of Yabloko and Oleg Novikov, representative of the Moscow branch of the party,  got two votes each.


To win the first round, the winner needed to get 67 votes out of 132.


In his speech Nikolai Rybakov spoke of his dream, “I want our country, Russia, to be a space of freedom and creativity, oriented on serving people. I have a dream about our party. I want young people coming to Yabloko, as I came at age 16, to be proud of the party. We should not be ashamed of any of our actions, not a single political decision.”


Rybakov said that main problem the party should overcome would be dealing with disbelief of some of its members in their own strength. He also spoke of the need to overcome differences between generations in the party. “We just need to do this smartly, kindly, and without losing Yabloko,” Rybakov emphasised.


Rybakov also reported on his main achievements on the post of Deputy Chairman of the party, which he has held since December 2015. This includes the development of the Digital Party, a unique platform that no other party in Russia has, and the holding of nationwide campaigns, such as Time to Return Home and The New Budget Policy, and the victory of all the party candidates in the Moscow City Duma elections this autumn.


Nikolai Rybakov thanked the citizens who participated in the street actions demanding from the authorities to allow independent candidates to run in the election. Rybakov stressed that he would continue to fight for the release of the defendants of the so-called “Moscow riots” case. He recalled that it was Yabloko that came up with the Metropiket idea, picketing for the release of political prisoners, which takes place every Friday by Moscow metro stations.

At the request of Rybakov, all the delegates of the Yabloko congress – over a hundred people – made a flashmob action raising posters over their heads demanding the release of political prisoners.


“I often think about what we need to do in order to be effective and modern. We need to spread our wings! It is necessary to introduce new approaches to work. To make the staff of the headquarters more efficient, organise project work, and develop procedures for internal party democracy. Together we will change and win! ” Rybakov said in the concluding part of his speech.

Photo: Nikolai Rybakov, Sergei Ivanenko, Emilia Slabunova, Grigory Yavlinsky, Boris Misnik and Alexander Gnezdilov


After announcing the voting results, Nikolai Rybakov thanked the delegates for their support and expressed special gratitude to Emilia Slabunova, his predecessor on the post of the party Chair, and Grigory Yavlinsky, Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of the party, “Dear friends, thank you for the trust and support that I feel from you. I will not let you down. I hope we will work together for many years. I want each of you to win, feel respect for yourself and be in demand. I would like to express my special thanks to Grigory Alekseyevich Yavlinsky. You let us learn and develop, open the way for us into the future. Thank you, Grigory Alekseyevich!”

“I would like to thank you for your perseverance and the opportunity to work together with you. And I hope that we will work together with you for many more years, Emilia Edgardovna [Slabunova]! Thank you very much!”, Rybakov told to Emilia Slabunova.


Nikolai Rybakov was born in Leningrad (now St.Petersburg) in 1978. In 2000, he graduated with honours from the Economics Department of St. Petersburg State University of Railway Engineering. In the same year he was elected deputy of the Svetlanovskoye Municipal Council, where he became Deputy Chairman of the Council and Chairman of the Budget and Finance Commission. In 2004 he became deputy of the Grazhdanka municipality. In 2006 he became head of the Administration of this municipality.


In 2008-2015, Rybakov was head of the Bellona Environmental Human Rights Centre and was Editor of the Ecology and Law journal. Since 2011 he has been member of the Board of the Centre for Anti-Corruption Research and Initiatives of Transparency International.


Since 1995, Nikolai Rybakov has been member of the Yabloko party. In 2015, he put forward his candidacy for the post of Chairman of the Yabloko party, and came third. At the same congress, Rybakov was elected one of the three Deputy Chairmen of the party.


In 2017, Nikolai Rybakov headed the Yabloko Election Headquarters. The largest campaigns that took place under his leadership were the presidential campaign of Grigory Yavlinsky (in 2018), and elections to the Moscow City Duma (in 2019).


Nikolai Rybakov is a permanent expert on political programmes on federal television channels, an environmental advocate, and member of the Green Russia faction.


The first Chairman of Yabloko was Grigory Yavlinsky who headed the party until 2008. In 2008-2015, Sergei Mitrokhin was Yabloko Chairman for two terms. Since December 2015, Yabloko was headed by Emilia Slabunova, MP of the Legislative Assembly of Karelia.