Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Liberal International launches Liberal Manifesto 2017 in Russia

The event was held in Yabloko’s office

Press Release, 14.10.2017

Russia was the first country to launch the Liberal Manifesto 2017, a document reflecting the goals of virtually all the liberal parties in the world. Representatives of the Liberal International (LI) arrived in Russia to present the Manifesto in Russia. The event took place in Moscow, in the conference hall of the Yabloko party office, the only Russian party that is a full member of LI.

Yabloko Chair Emilia Slabunova, who signed the Liberal Manifesto in Andorra on behalf of the party at the LI 70th Congress in May this year, opened the event.

Videos of all the speeches are here.

Slabunova noted that the fact that such a large political family of Liberal International, comprising 97 parties from 67 countries, had consolidated its assessment of the developments in the world inspired respect. This demonstrated openness, readiness for dialogue, negotiability and respect for each other, Emilia Slabunova stressed.

Emilia Slabunova

“This is possible only thanks to joint values, as all parties of the Liberal International are like-minded people,” she emphasised. “Our party realises its responsibility and considers that it should be expressed in active promotion of liberal ideas and values in the Russian society.”

“I think that the time will come in the political life of Russia when these values will become the basis for political actions,” Slabunova concluded.

Secretary General of the Liberal International Emil Kirjas noted that the introduction of the Manifesto into Russia virtually launched its promotion in different countries. “I am very glad that we started with Moscow, because if we do not win the hearts of Russians, we will not be able to achieve any goals in the future,” the politician said.

Emil Kirjas

President of the Liberal International Juli Minoves Triquell, failed to get a Russian visa to personally attend the event, so he addressed the audience in Moscow in a video message. He said that “one of the threats of liberalism in the modern world is authoritarianism, which always goes hand in hand with populism. The task of liberals is to fight these trends.”

“Democracy can not be given one precise definition. For us human rights are an indispensable condition for democracy. Democracy and human rights are universal. They should not be something special, peculiar of only some particular region or culture. The Liberal Manifesto imposes on us an obligation to fight for our values ​​of democracy and uphold human rights,” he said.

Hans van Baalen, MEP, President of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) party and LI President of Honour, also sent his video address to those who came to the event. He said that the fact that Yabloko came second after the ruling party in the Moscow local elections demonstrated that in the end the liberal forces would prevail. Hans van Baalen was banned by the Russian authorities from entering Russia.

Grigory Yavlinsky, LI Nominal Vice President, Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of the Yabloko party and Yabloko presidential candidate for 2018 elections, drew the attention of the audience to the fact that Russia’s policy contradicted all the ten goals set forth by liberals in the Manifesto: ensuring equal rights for all and protecting human rights, strengthening democratic institutions, protecting freedom of information, fostering, extending and promoting education and ensuring access to health care, securing sustainability of global growth, promoting technological advances, supporting trade and investment, supporting controlled migration, and strengthening of international peace and cooperation.

Yabloko leader intends to run in the presidential election in order to change the situation. Yavlinsky noted that ending the war with Ukraine and Syria, normalisation of Russia’s relations with the world, creation of the institute of private property, which is now virtually non-existent in Russia, establishment of the institute of independent court, as well as priority of the development of education and health care were key issues of his presidential programme.

Grigory Yavlinsky

Yavlinsky said that such a programme should help to “avoid the historical defeat of Russia.” The leader of Yabloko called the policy of Vladimir Putin “a break with reality and the counterposition of himself to the historical development.”

Foreign participants of the conference in their speeches wished Yabloko’s presidential candidate of Yabloko a successful presidential campaign next year. Karl-Heinz Paqué, Vice President of Liberal International, Deputy Chairman of the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom, Chair of International Economics Otto-von-Guericke University of Magdebourg, congratulated Yabloko on winning Moscow municipal elections in September. Paqué noted that German liberals from the FDP party were also successful the German election in September and were able to return to the Bundestag.

Karl-Heinz Paqué

In his speech Karl-Heinz Paqué once again called for promotion of the liberal values reflected in the Manifesto in order to withstand the new threats of the modern world, including populism embodied by Donald Trump.

Astrid Thors, Vice President of Liberal International, Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) High Commissioner on National Minorities (2013 – 2016), MEP (1996 – 2004), member of the Parliament of Finland (2004 – 2013) and the Finnish Minister of Migration and European Affairs (2007 – 2011), spoke in her video address about the forces combatting liberalism. “Liberalism is the enemy of people and systems where we see only the enrichment of those in power”. Astrid Thors also could not get her visa to Russia.

Journalist Igor Yakovenko said that in Russia, the state television channels form the image of a liberal as an “man-eater” and even the word “liberal” was “not merely a curse, but the most dirty curse” in the state TV channels. Yakovenko suggested to the liberals to proceed from the fact that their “distance is a marathon, but they also must be ready for a rapid sprint”. According to the journalist, liberals in Russia need even greater patience and courage than their colleagues in the European countries.

Sergei Mitrokhin

Sergei Mitrokhin, former Chair of the party, member of Yabloko’s Federal Political Committee and Chairman of the Moscow branch of the Yabloko, said that although Russia is not the most anti-liberal country, the main struggle between liberalism and the forces opposing it had been happening in Russia. Mitrokhin argued with Igor Yakovenko that Vladimir Putin’s regime had no ideology. Accroding to Mitrokhin, the regime ideology is eclectic, but has a common denominator – anti-liberalism, and this brings it together with fascism, Stalinism and other misanthropic ideologies.

Sergei Mitrokhin quoted Prof. Loren Graham, who said in the recent speech addressing the Russian elite that, despite the fact that the Russian people was one of the most talented nations, the system created in Russia was the strongest in the world to counteract talent and ingenuity. “In the age of new technologies, the preservation of this situation leads to the final degradation and backwardness of our country. Without liberalism, Russia has no future, all those who struggle against liberalism are struggling against Russia’s prospects,” Sergei Mitrokhin said.

Boris Makarenko

Boris Makarenko, Professor of the Department of Political Science of the Faculty of Social Sciences of the Higher School of Economics was generally very positive of the Manifesto, however he noted that the Manifesto failed to mention the allies of the liberals. “Unfortunately, liberals have always had a sin of arrogance. Fascism in 1930s, like the present populism, does not rise in the world according to the will of the poorest and most destitute, the latter will rather vote for the left-wing. The rise of populism and the challenge comes from not the absolute losers but from the relative losers: they live in a village, or in a small city, they work in an unpromising industry. These people are standing behind the challenges to liberalism, as it was before during the rise of fascism. Liberals must reach to the losers, and seek allies for common values,” he said.

Andrei Ryabov

Andrei Ryabov, Editor-in-Chief of the “Mirovaya Ekonomika I Mezhdunarodniye Otnosheniya” (The World Economy and International Relations) journal and political scientist, spoke about the issues that the modern society had to solve relying on the principles set forth in the Manifesto, such as the emergence of a new social inequality in the process of globalisation, the interaction between the rights of the individual and the rights of minorities, the problem of tolerance boundaries, the attitude to those political regimes that openly blackmail the world community with a nuclear threat, and others.

Valery Borschyov

Valery Borschyov, member of Yabloko Federal Political Committee, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group, defender of human rights and Soviet dissident, said that some liberal laws developed by Yabloko continued working in Russia, and the law on public control in places of forced detention was among them. At the same time, many Russian prisons practice torture, and the overall human rights situation in our country has been deteriorating every year.

Sergei Lukashevsky

Sergei Lukashevsky, Executive Director of the Acad. Sakharov Centre, spoke about human rights. He noted that it was not enough to state their fundamental importance within the framework of liberalism, it was necessary to ensure that these values become decisive in the political solutions and steps that liberal parties offer in political practice.

Yevgeny Gontmakher

Yevgeny Gontmakher, Professor of the Higher School of Economics and chief researcher in the Institute of the World Economy and International Relations, proposed to divide all existing regimes into two categories: the first one where people control the state in one way or another, and the second where the state uses people as expendables. He said that Russia referred to the second type, as it had been “conducting antisocial and anti-humanitarian policies for many years.” However, according to Gontmakher, a system where a person is a prime value, is prone to paternalism. The recipe for this is liberalism, which resolves social policy issues not at the populist level, but with the tools of developed democracy.

Sergei Zair-bek

Sergei Zair-bek, leading expert of the Institute of Education of the Centre for Social-Economic Development of the Higher School of Economics, called the section of the Manifesto devoted to education one of the key sections. He noted that liberalism is cultivated in an educated society and can not exist in the uneducated one. According to him, an educated society does not mean simply a large number of textbooks and good results of the country in comparative international studies, but a public request for the objectivity of its history, respect for its culture and cultures of other peoples, critical attitude to information and constant self-development.

Education should contribute to the promotion of liberalism, primarily through equal access to quality education, Zair-bek said.

Galina Mikhaleva

Galina Mikhaleva, Chair of the Yabloko Gender Faction, Professor of the Russian University for Humanities (RGGU), spoke about the rights of women, stressing that the Manifesto paid special attention to these rights. “Our idea is like this: there should be solidarity of men and women in the general solution of problems in politics, the economy of family life. It is very important that Liberal International put down the need to observe the rights of women in the Manifesto, because not only women but also men should fight for equal rights and opportunities,” she stressed.

Alexei Titkov

Alexey Titkov, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Political Science of the Faculty of Social Sciences of the Higher School of Economics, spoke about the need for Yabloko to seek allies among those who did not share many liberal values. “The political agenda is changing. The movement for the return of democracy and social policy is intensifying. We have already seen something like a coalition of the most diverse forces [during the rallies] in Bolotnaya Square [in Moscow in 2011 – 2012]. Russia demonstrates the rise of the same world’s populist wave, but it gives a chance for democratisation. And Yabloko has to think how in such a paradoxical situation to unite with those who fight, but think differently,” he said.

In the discussion, Grigory Yavlinsky recalled that “the Yabloko party was created as a united party, we did not unite only with rogues and thieves.” Now it is simple to define the allies of the party. According to Yavlinsky, “if one is against that people are killed by tens of thousands in the Donbass”, he is our ally! “If one is against participation in a foreign civil war [in Syria] and bombing of Muslims? You are our ally … Such are the principles now,” Yavlinsky noted.

Moderators of the event Olga Radayeva, head of the Yabloko International Relations Department, and Julius von Freytag-Loringhoven, head of the Moscow Bureau of the Friedrich Naumann Foundation

In concluding remarks, LI Secretary General Emil Kirjas assured his Russian colleagues that liberals around the world did not need an isolated Russia, but needed Russia integrated into the world. “We do not want Russia to be under sanctions, we want Russia to inspire us,” the politician said.

“Russia will be free. It will happen soon. We will make every effort to this,” Yabloko Chair Emilia Slabunova said in her turn.