Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Lev Shlosberg: the federal policies of interbudgetary relations remain repressive

Press Release, 27.11.2020

Photo: Deputies of the Pskov Regional Assembly in the first reading adopted the draft regional budget for 2021 and for the planning period of 2022 and 2023 / Photo by the Press Service of the Pskov region Administration


Pskov parliamentarians considered in the first reading the draft budget of the region for 2021. Lev Shlosberg, deputy of the Pskov Regional Assembly from Yabloko, noted the excessive dependence of the regional budget on the federal Russian budget, and also drew attention to a twofold decrease in the planned non-repayable receipts from the federal budget to the regional budget compared to the current year, the state debt of almost 19 billion roubles by 80 per cent comprised of loans from commercial banks, and the desire of the regional administration to overestimate the region’s own revenues in order to artificially lower the budget deficit figure.

At the 51st November session of the Pskov Regional Assembly, the deputies considered in the first reading the draft law of the Pskov region “On the regional budget for 2021 and for the planning period of 2022 and 2023”. The report was presented by the Governor of the Pskov Region Mikhail Vedernikov. After the speech of the head of the region, deputy of the Pskov Regional Assembly from Yabloko Lev Shlosberg asked him questions why the income tax is planned on the same level when expected regional budget revenues would be lower, and also asked about the servicing of the state debt and budget loans for the region.


According to Lev Shlosberg, the draft budget submitted to the regional Assembly showed the key dependence of the budget of the Pskov region on the budget of the Russian Federation and the structure of non-repayable receipts from the federal budget


The politician also emphasised the “stifling” role of excise taxes, which are taken into account in the basic profitability of the budget, make the Pskov region an illusory highly profitable subject of the Russian Federation and thus reduce subsidies from the federal budget.


“In my opinion, this draft budget demonstrates an artificially overestimated income part in order to minimise the budget deficit. It is quite obvious that the fate of this budget is mainly in the hands of the Russian government and the Ministry of Finance.


It should be noted that the efforts of the poorest Russian regions, not only the Pskov region, to change the federal interbudgetary policy at this moment remain fruitless. This policy of interbudgetary relations remains repressive in relation to the poorest regions and, instead of supporting these regions, creates conditions for the stagnation of budgetary policy, since it does not allow increasing the part of budget revenues that is associated with subsidies from the federal budget.


The Yabloko faction will abstain from voting on the considered draft budget of the Pskov region and will express its opinion after a repeated submitting of the draft budget in the first reading with revised figures and following the results of the work of the conciliatory commission in the second reading, ” the leader of the Pskov Yabloko concluded.


Five deputies of the regional parliament and five representatives of the executive branch will work on the draft regional budget according to the parameters of the second reading. The conciliatory commission included representatives of all parliamentary factions: Boris Polozov (United Russia), Anatoly Koposov (the Communist Party of the Russian Federation), Natalya Tudakova (A Just Russia), Anton Minakov (LDPR) and Lev Shlosberg (Yabloko).


The administration of the Pskov region will be represented by deputy governors Vera Emelyanova, Tatyana Barinova, Ninel Salagaeva and Vasily Osipov, as well as the head of the administration staff Sergei Dmitriyev. Valentina Ponizovskaya, Chairman of the Association of Municipal Formations of the Pskov Region, will take part in the work of the conciliatory commission with the right of an advisory vote.


The draft law of the Pskov region “On the regional budget for 2021 and for the planning period of 2022 and 2023” was adopted in the first reading: it was supported by 31 deputies (United Russia, and A Justr Russia factions), eight voted against (CPRF and LDPR) and two abstained (Artur Gaiduk and Lev Shlosberg from the Yabloko faction).


It should be noted that in October 2020, on the initiative of Lev Shlosberg, the deputies of the Pskov Regional Assembly appealed to the Government of the Russian Federation with a request to change the methodology for calculating interbudgetary transfers, which would allow the Pskov Region to receive additional subsidies from the federal budget on conditions feasible for the region.