Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Lev Shlosberg: Russia at the Crossroads

shlosberg_2Russian society needs high-quality political alternative so that to break the disastrous tradition of making the worst possible choice

Lev Shlosberg, member of YABLOKO’s Federal Political Council, 27.05.2016

The upcoming 2016 parliamentary elections provoked the discussion of the key Russian election campaign – the presidential. It happened so in the past 20 years that the trajectory of the whole country depends on the presidential election. This is wrong, and this has already led to many mistakes and even tragedies, but it is like this today. The vivid part of the Russian society maintaining clear mind is looking for a political alternative, a way to break the fatal vicious circle absorbing the country. 2018 election will inevitably come after the 2016 [parliamentary] election.

In April 2015 YABLOKO’s Political Committee stated that Grigory Yavlinsky will represent the alternative to Vladimir Putin in 2018. For one and a half month this statement did not get public attention, but in May it detonated in almost all the groups of the politically active segment of the society. And, as it often happens, the discussion was not about the content of political proposals, but around the personality of the politician. Such is the fate of politician: you are telling the world about peace and the world is speaking about you. Nevertheless, let us recollect the past quarter of a century.

Grigory Yavlinsky, and then the YABLOKO party have been a political alternative to the policies of the government since YABLOKO emerged in the Russian (and even, first, in the Soviet) politics.

Several dozens of times over the years, in the landmark moments of the [Russian] history, Yavlinsky and YABLOKO proposed the best solutions for the country – something that was once called “Reforms for the Majority” on the programmen level [in YABLOKO], the majority that in the late 1980s was with the reformers, and was already against them five years later.

The reforms for the majority did not take place. The reforms carried under the slogan “democracy” did not have anything to do with democracy, but they discredited democracy and democrats. “All of you are come the 1990s, you were all together in those ‘reforms’,” such is a common perception model in the society. It emerged not incidentally. It is a way to blur the picture of history.

Meanwhile, at all the principal crossroads of the [Russian] history, that in the end culminated in the worst choice, Yavlinsky and YABLOKO offered the best.

There was a programme of economic reform for the Soviet Union, the 500 Days Plan, which did not change the USSR, because the Federal Government and the President chose the Soviet variant of conservation of the crisis. Consequently, the story of the USSR came to an end.

There was a project Novoogarevsky Union Treaty, which in 1991 could reform the Soviet Union into the European type of federation of independent states. But the Soviet elite responded to this in August 1991 coup.

There was a programme of European-style reform of the Russian economy, rejected by Boris Yeltsin in favour of the “shock therapy”.

There was another programme of privatisation of state and municipal property – not in favour of the bureaucracy and emerging (exactly through privatisation) oligarchs, but to the benefit of citizens.

But the elite chose loans-for-shares auctions that helped in the organise devaluation [of the state assets] and rob the state.

There were alternative proposals for the Constitution of Russia in 1993 so that to avoid the imperial version of governing in the country and well protect the rights of citizens, the rights of regions.

There were proposals for a civilized solution to the conflict with the Chechen leadership – so that to avoid war, many thousands of victims, discreditation of the army and economic crimes.

There were presidential elections of 1996, when the country had a choice in favour of the European way of development, and this choice was represented by Grigory Yavlinsky.

But the elite chose a burglarious collusion of officials and oligarchs.

There was a possibility to avoid the default of 1998, but Boris Yeltsin in the twilight of his career was not ready for Yavlinsky – the Prime Minister.

Finally, there was 2000, when Grigory Yavlinsky was again proposed as an alternative to Vladimir Putin to the Russian society, exhausted by political and economic bullying. People did not want to see deeply into politics and adopted a shadow solution prepared for them in the Kremlin, and then politics took care of people.

There were parliamentary elections of 2003, when the society getting nostalgic for the USSR swallowed a million ballots falsification of voting results, and democratically minded citizens of Russia lost their representation in the Russian parliament.

After all this, only two solutions could be adopted: 1) to give up, and 2) to go on.

Politics is such that nine out of ten politicians choose the first option. But there is always a single one who chooses to go on.

Yavlinsky and YABLOKO went further on.

The scale of the historic deadlock where Russia found itself after the past 25 years, can be realized only when you see all these life-changing crossroads in front of you: between freedom and lack of freedom, life and death, right and lawlessness, honour and shame, dignity and meanness, well-being and poverty.

We can say that the fate of our country is such that in any choice it chose the worst, the most dangerous and the most disastrous for people.

However, we can insist that there is another way, another option and another history line. And we can do all so that this choice would take place.

History draws many variants of historical path for countries and peoples. Only one of them becomes the life of millions, or the death of millions. Russia has a lot to recollect.

And the memory of those who lived here and love for those living here oblige those who feel their duty before the community to go further.

As long as we are alive, we have a choice.