Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Laziness before the future

Alexey Melnikov, YABLOKO Bureau member, on the choice between the “European way” and the “Eurasian project”
Znak, by Alexey Melnikov, 03.12.2013

imageThe “Eurasian project” [promoted by the Kremlin and aiming at taking Russia away from the European values and brining it closer to authoritarian Asian regimes], in various forms and from time to time promoted by the Russian rulers hides their lack of large-scale political idea about the future of the country and is designed to preserve the outdated political system of our state. In general, this field of public policy is a waste of Russia’s historical time, scattering limited resources on trivia and theft of a complicated, but a decent future from generations of Russians.

If we take the view that state entities, in addition to solving immediate problems, implement certain values, then we can we say about the desire of Russian authoritarian authorities to carry out joint policies with regimes of the same type? Perhaps only that the slogan “power is everything and people are garbage” represents a hidden ideological basis of such a political entity.

The best example of the deadlock of the “Eurasian integration”, an indicator of an ill-conceived approach, is a never ending romance of the authoritarian Russian authorities with the overripened Belarusian regime.

Those who want to make sure that the “Eurasian integration” based on fruitless confrontation with Europe and the West in general, is a fatuous thing, will find here obvious insignificance of the results, and resources wasted be Russia for the past 20 years, as well as, finally, absolute political invalidism of the high communicating parties. This is a “Eurasian Union” in miniature.
We can state with certainty that the same is in store for Russian citizens provided the sovereign rulers would desire to create a bastion with the centre in Moscow which would oppose the Western world. Do you want us to follow you? Then pay us. And we will see how it will be further, but the money should be paid in advance!

Such policies are necessarily limited by the economic opportunities available to the country: when they shrink, such policies begin crumbling too. Today, we can see that Russia’s economic potential is not limitless, as some could think about in on the turn of 2000s.

An alternative to the “Eurasian integration” is movement towards the Western world based on a deep political, economic and – even wider – social reform in our country, adoption of the values of freedom, justice, democracy, human rights and the rule of law which is equal for all as key public institutions for our state.

This is a difficult decision. Because the issue is not as if there were a society desiring implementation of these values and the authorities with differing views that are opposing the society.

The problem is that, despite the revival of the past two years, both the political opposition together with “dissatisfied citizens” and the remaining inert majority of society do not obviously target at following these values. They are unaware of these values, moreover they do not understood that rebuilding our country on the basis of these values will take much effort. The top and the bottom [of the society] and most of the opposition are in the same situation here.

Therefore, it may seem strange at first glance, but the dead-end vector of the “Eurasian integration”, and the attempts not to let Ukraine join Europe, as well as the inner decay of the Russian socio-political system in the forms of conservatism of the authorities and growing nationalism of the opposition are the parts of the same process. And it has filled in the ideological vacuum.

When people talk about Russia’s integration with Europe as an alternative to [Vladimir Putin’s] “Eurasian integration”, some may retort that “we are large and small Europe” and “Europe will never admit us”. But all these are untimely questions, they do not belong to the present policies.

Today the main task for us is internal restructuring of the country on the basis of values that are common for us with Europe and, more broadly, with the Western world. The forms of integration will virtually be determined by the level of welfare of our citizens, firmness of implanting of liberal democratic institutions and understanding of the goals that are common with the West. But this does not mean that Russia should be closed to the Western world and make to whole way towards common values all by its own: globalisation is the most important channel for acceleration of Russia’s restructuring.

Another interesting question is whether such a process is inevitable. Probably not. The European integration path is very difficult for Russia and it has alternatives, one of which is tiring ‘galloping’ through “Eurasian” concepts.

The choice [of the country] depends on the majority of our citizens, on what views and what way they would choose for themselves. In our country people are used to assume that the authorities make the decisions, and there is no personal responsibility of the people.

What if Russian citizens do not want to actively seek not just a “change of the regime” but a deep transformation of society based on the values of freedom, justice, democracy, human rights and law which should be equal for all? What if they are not going to demand from politicians not just becoming an “opposition” but a clear declaration of European values? What if they continue to believe that “nothing depends on me”, “it is easier like this”, “we do not need this Europe” and that “America is our enemy,” etc.?

Then they will get ongoing inner decay and one of its consequences – the “Eurasian union” with the same states. Probably, it is more comfortable to rot together. Anyway it does not require much effort.

Alexei Melnikov is member of the Bureau of the YABLOKO party. Born on April 8, 1964, graduated from the Lomonosov Moscow State University, economist. Deputy of the State Duma of the first – third convocations. One of the organisers and member of the Board of Trustees of the Business Perspective Foundation (engaged in protection of the rights of entrepreneurs).