Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Kremlin’s new ally

gyGrigory Yavlinsky on the dangerous partnership between Russia and Saudi Arabia and “Putin’s political post-modernism”, 09.10.2017
Russia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs already called the meeting between Putin and Saudi Arabia’s King an epochal event. It is true that the President of Russia met another civilization, the feudal epoch, in the Kremlin. This is probably the reason why the meeting was characterized as epochal. Putin’s Russia is immersing in this epoch, in feudalism, deeper and deeper. Recently Saudi Arabia was Russia’s gravest enemy, and now the “friendly” relations between the countries that suddenly intensified are as exotic as dangerous.

It is rather strange that [Russia] is giving a state reception to honour those whom they are gravely opposing in the Middle East at the same time: Russia’s army is almost directly fighting the House of Saud in Syria. It is an open secret that Saudi Arabia is one of the masterminds and main sponsors of ISIS, the very organisation that is banned in Russia. Moreover, Saudi Arabia funds Jabhat al-Nusra, another organisation banned in Russia. It was Jabhat al-Nusra that was attacking Russian militants in Syria recently (by the way, Russian militants are there despite Putin’s promise not to send land forces to Syria).

A short time ago, in 1990s and the beginning of 2000s, the House of Saud took a most active part in unfolding a bloody war in the territory of the Russian Federation: they sponsored and set up fighters in Chechnya and the North Caucasus. At that time Saudi Arabia considered the separatist processes in the south of Russia as a great opportunity for expansion and an optimal option for securing [its power] in the region. They also really tried to penetrate into Povolzhye and other regions of Russia right up to central Russia.

Then, in the mid 1990s, Saudi Arabia was promoting its ideological influence in Russia. Jihadist military strategy – the necessity of armed struggle for promoting radical Islam, extension of the sphere of influence of jihadist power, overthrow of Russia’s traditional Muslim institutions and a continuous territorial expansion – was almost openly propagandised by means of the so called charity foundations funded by the House of Saud.

Thus, for instance, according to the Middle East Institute, the House of Saud funded the issue of radical printed publication and the activity of separatists in villages of Chabanmakhi and Karamakhi, Dagestan, which actually turned into Wahhabi enclaves in the territory of the republic. The House of Saud considered these villages as a springboard for further military expansion in the North Caucasus. Moreover, it is a known fact that Saudis provided financial and technical support for a number of madrasahs in Russia that also delivered suicide bombers who exploded apartment blocks in Moscow (if we rely on the Federal Secutiry Service investigation, such a madrasah, for example, existed in Naberezhnye Chelny, Tatarstan).

According to Russia’s official media, the House of Saud is coming to Russia again after nearly 20 years but this time under the economic pretext. According to the Chechen Deputy Prime Minister, the Republic is expecting Saudi investment of tens of millions of dollars. Experts of the Middle East Institute claim Saudi Arabia’s investment in the Chechen economy will certainly be accompanied by serious ideological expansion. Until recently Turkey was doing the same thing by introducing educational programmes with ideological background simultaneously with its economic projects in Turkic-speaking regions of Russia. By the way, it is very difficult to fight such “educational foundations” under corruption in Russia. At the same time, the projects supported by European educational organisations are being accused of interference in Russia’s internal affairs and are being closed under various pretexts.

Head of the Chechen Republic has his own special relations with the House of Saud. It is suggested that this will help Putin solve the “delicate” issues with Saudi Arabia which turn out on the agenda in increasing frequency, for instance, in connection with taking hostages in Syria. And the fact that Kadyrov was given a warm welcome in Riyadh is not at all a coincidence.

The Kremlin’s flirtation with the House of Saud under the pretext of economic cooperation (and, probably, in view of promises to promote oil price improvement and help evading the sanctions) creates the prerequisites for the repetition of ideological and jihadist expansion of Saudi Arabia in the regions of Russia, especially in the North Caucasus and Povozhye. What other interest may Saudi Arabia have in Russia in the situation when the two countries are actually at war in Syria? Strengthening Kadyrov’s power?

It is likely that this “epochal” meeting between the President of Russia and the king of Saudi Arabia will come to nothing.

However, there might be “practical results”. If so, the more the results, the more long-term negative consequence we will get due to another display of Kremlin’s political shortsightedness. The House of Saud has its own definite plan: (for now) it will try to keep a dialogue with the USA while the sovereign Russia has nothing to do with their long-term strategy.
At the same time Saudis insist that Russia must cease supporting Saudi Arabia’s irreconcilable enemy, another aggressive player in the region – Iran. The Kremlin is trying to balance maneuver between two very dangerous regimes that have been at war with each other for years, and their rivalry is destabilising nears all the Middle East.
So, this is how Putin’s political post-modernism looks like:

– Russia’s war with the Sunni opposition in Syria that is sponsored by Saudi Arabia;

– Russia is bombing ISIS and Jabhat al-Nusra (in Idlib province), which are backed by Saudi Arabia;

– cynical oblivion of Saudi Arabia’s central role in the Chechen wars in 1990s and 2000s;

– ignorance of Saudi Arabia’s probable role in a large number of acts of terror that took place in Russia within 23 years;

– ignorance of the fact that the Saudis secret services are systemically promoting the jihadist ideology around the world;

– ignorance of the fact that Saudi Arabia remains the country with the most cruel medieval legislation even in comparison with other Arabian monarchies;

– Russia’s attempt to preserve the union with Iran and seeking mutual understanding with Saudi Arabia, Teheran’s major enemy in the Middle East, at the same time;

– ignorance of Saudi Arabia’s relation with Al-Qaeda and the acts of terror of 11th September;
And despite all this the Kremlin is trying to build almost allied relations with Riyadh with Kadyrov’s help.

One should also take into consideration that as a result of Kremlin’s policy Chechnya became an isolated region, which is connected with the rest of Russia not by means of state bodies or legislation, but by means of financial influence and Kadyrov’s personal devotion to Putin. The presence of a new rich and influential sponsor in Chechnya is a serious test for the supposed “devotion” and an evident threat to Russia’s security, not matter who will be head of the state in the future.

Putin mixed a thundering geopolitical cocktail by giving up any principals, ethics, values and logic in his foreign policy within the last five years. This is extremely dangerous for Russia’s present and future. Flirting with such a regime shows the lack of primary common sense. This is another step towards the path, which does not exist.