Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

International conference on liberal values took place in Moscow

Press release, 24.10.2015
International conference “Killing Stereotypes and Finding Common Values and Points for Interaction” was held in Moscow on Saturday, 24 October. The conference was organized jointly by the Alliance of Liberal and Democrats for Europe party (ALDE) and its member parties – YABLOKO and Danish Radikale Venstre.image

Galina Mikhaleva, Secretary of YABLOKO Political Committee, opened the conference. She emphasized that it was for the fifth time that such a conference had been held in Moscow.

Sir Graham Watson, ALDE party President, sent his video addresses to the conference.

He noted that politicians around the world faced many important issues such as rapid growth of the world population, great pressure in connection with migration issues, climate change, energy security, an combatting international crime and terrorism. Sir Graham stressed that all people together had to solve all these issues in the globalized world.

Morten Østergaard, President of Radikale Venstre, also sent his video addresses to the conference.

Morten Østergaard noted that the challenges Russian liberals had to confront in the Russian system were much greater than those Danish people had to face, in particular militarization of the economy at the expense of social policies. He said that the situation in Russia had considerably changed: “we are joint together in our fight against ISIL but we feel that the Russian government’s actions are not perhaps are directed only towards ISIL but also towards the legitimate Syrian opposition. One of the issues that is really worth discussing is the issue of rising xenophobia both in Europe and in Russia. We aim to have the Danish government take more responsibility in what is the worst refugee crisis in the history of the United Nations and also in a time when there are more refuges in the world than has been in any point of time after the Second World War”.

He called to collaboration in the cultural context: fight against stereotypes, xenophobia and homophobia.

YABLOKO founder Grigory Yavlinsky spoke about the relations between Europe and Russia. “In historical perspective Europe does not have any prospects without Russia, as well as Russia does not have any prospects without Europe. In spite of the fact that Russia-EU relations have a “smell of war” at present, we have to overcome stereotypes and look for way of interaction and mutual economic and political integration,” Yavlinsky said.

According to Grigory Yavlinsky, in 30-40 years there will be two centres of economic power in the world: North America and Asia. Yavlinsky noted that Europe would be able to successfully compete against North America and Asia in only Europe would find a way of interaction, economic and political integration with Russia, Ukraine and Belarus.

This issue remains on the agenda regardless of what is happening in Russia. Yavlinsky said that “the political project that was most successful in the history of mankind was the creation of the European Union”, which was conceived in 1947, just two years after the end of World War II, when the nations of Europe had been killing each other, and half of Europe was under Stalin.

“There were courage and wisdom to proclaim the need of such a union then, and in 50 years this goal was achieved. Does not this represent an inspiring example for us? This is what we have to think about now, despite the present developments,” Yavlinsky said.

Grigory Yavlinsky called Europeans to critically reflect on Europe’s attitude to the Russian people as a patriarchal people, which should be led by some military general, or intelligence services colonel, or an oligarch, or a nationalist, or a leftist leader. “It is not true. You should not pay attention onto public opinion polls. People are now under the influence of the most powerful propaganda and fear,” he noted.

YABLOKO Chairman Sergei Mitrokhin compared the specifics of liberalism in Russia and Europe and analysed the social liberalism in the historical perspective – today and 100 years ago.

He noted that the goal of liberalism in Europe was liberalisation of politics and in Russia liberalisation of the society.

At the same time, the EU countries hadn’t face the problem of transition from the totalitarian system to democracy but Russia had faced that problem at a greater extent than in Eastern Europe, Mitrokhin said.

Sergei Mitrokhin claimed that Russia had two possibilities of choosing freedom and liberal values: in 1917 and early 1990s. But both the times the people chose non-freedom and despotism.

“The Constitutive Assembly of 1917 was eliminated and the people decided not to protect the freedom from despotism. Only the minority turned out to be able to do it. And at once democracy repeated the destiny of communism,” he said.

Sergei Mitrokhin also recalled that social liberalism had been the main ideology of the Constitutional Democratic Party (People’s freedom party, Cadets). He stressed that YABLOKO’s ideology was social liberalism.

YABLOKO leader mentioned the succession between YABLOKO and the Cadets party. But the Cadets had failed to become the unifying liberal force which could have given freedom to the people.

“Trotsky used to say that if Pyotr Stolypin’s reforms had been successful the October revolution wouldn’t have taken place. But the Cadets did not support Stolypin’s reforms.

The Cadets failed to form an alternative to a long-term Russian anti-liberal tradition. The important issue was the problem of private property. They supported the alienation of private lands. At that time it was probably justified. However, they did not make a further step: they did not consider the problem of formation of a new class of land owners, if the lands had to go to peasants’ communities. Though it was obvious that these communities were pulling Russia back”.

Sergei Mitrokhin emphasized that in 1990s liberal forces once again faced the property issue, but that time democrats were more responsible than the Cadets.

Though those reforms had been called democratic, they hadn’t been social liberal, he stressed.

YABLOKO leader said that social liberal ideology envisaged reforms for the majority; whereas classical liberalism of the 17th century envisaged reforms for the minority. He stressed that the criminal privatisation of the 1990s had been conducted in the interests of the absolute minority.

“Social liberalism today is the only alternative to the present regime like it was in 1917 and 1991,” stressed Sergei Mitrokhin.

He mentioned that the other liberal parties didn’t take into consideration the experience of 1990s. “Many such people say that they are rooted in those reforms and ideologically justify them”.

In view of this, “YABLOKO bears huge responsibility as only its ideology can resist the present polices”.

Sergei Mitrokhin agreed with Grigory Yavlinsky that the present political course would lead to the collapse of the regime. “It means that soon there will emerge the third chance for freedom for the Russian people. This lays responsibility on YABLOKO: we must bring freedom and avoid the mistakes of the previous generations,” Sergei Mitrokhin noted.

The programme of the conference

The programme of the conference