Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

International Conference on liberal values and a conservative trend in politics and public life held in Moscow

Press Release,11.10.2014

International Conference “Liberal Values Versus a Conservative Trend in Politics and Public Life in Europe” organized by the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) party and its full member YABLOKO was held in Moscow on October 11.image

Opening the conference Dr. Galina Mikhaleva, Deputy Chair of the Moscow YABLOKO, noted that the a joint YABLOKO-ALDE conference was held in Moscow for the fourth time. The first conference was devoted to the issues of gender equality, the second – to combatting extremism among youth, and the third – to the problems of migration.


YABLOKO Gender faction leader Galina Mikhaleva and LI Vice President Baroness Kishwer Falkner

“This conference is devoted to the very serious, deep and philosophical problem of the conservative trend in politics and society,” Mikhaleva said. She also wished the conference participants fruitful work.

Sir Graham Watson, ALDE party President, noted in the video address to the conference that the topic was “very important for development of democracy in Europe”, noting that Mr.Putin’s, Mr.Orbans and Mr.Borisov’s attemps to preserve the present existing power structures which means no fight against corruption, intimidation of the freedom of expression and protection of those who are exploiting others. “It is imperative for liberals to win the day”, he stressed.

ALDE Vice President Olle Schmidt stressed that Russia had been a very important player in the European context, but “the core liberal values had been threatened and questioned in these days” both in Russia and the EU which created problems throughout the continent.

YABLOKO founder Grigory Yavlinsky stressed that the events of 2014 demonstrated turning away from the common sense even, rather than abolishing liberalism and rushing towards conservatism.

“The internal and external policy of the country is bad both for the conservatives and the liberals, for the left and right, because it leads to chaos, destruction of the rules of life both within the country and the world in general,” Grigory Yavlinsky said.

Creation of the European Union after the world wars became a model to overcome the crisis of civilization Europe was in in the first half of the 20th century. “Therefore, the Russia’s statements that “Russia is not Europe” presents a dramatic threat to the civilization. It is serious because it turns into practical politics,” he noted.

According to Grigory Yavlinsky, “Russia’s national interest means truly European Russia in terms of domestic and foreign policies and the way of living.”

YABLOKO Chair Sergei Mitrokhin in his report mentioned three factors that facilitated the ‘conservative turn’ in Russia. These are the failed Russia’s reforms of 1990s; rent-based economy emerging in 2000s (the rentier state); and the threat of Orange Revolutions.

He noted that liberal ideology emphasized more universal values and had its normative base; whereas conservatism based on its own national tradition.

“Russia did not have the values of freedom in its basic traditions. They were introduced quite late and have always been marginal,” he said.

Mitrokhin also noted that to a conservative in Russia differs greately from being a conservative in England or America.

“In Russia, these values were once formulated by Count Uvarov: Orthodoxy, Autocracy and Nationality. The specifics of such conservatism lies in the negation of liberal values,” he said.

Sergei Mitrokhin noted that ideas of progress, liberalism and modernization may win in Russia only at abolishing some national traditions.

“Our conservatives rely on a mixture of different elements of various traditions, they take the experience of the autocracy, involve the Orthodoxy which has little to do with deep religiosity, it is based on ritual and is compatible with national-Bolshevism and Stalinism,” he said.

“For a country like Russia, which is, as they say, is a country of a catching-up development, liberal values are associated with a positive attitude to modernization and progress. Conservatism is always a reaction to this, it is always a denial of this, ” he said.

Sergei Mitrokhin also said that the present Russia’s policies represented reactionary conservatism, which had been “fiercely denying event the formulation of the problems that Russia should develop in a European way”.

Patriotism in the tradition of such conservatism is not simply a deep feeling of a person to his homeland. This is a morbid emotion distracting people from the problems emerging in the rentier state, that is, corruption, social stratification, and other pressing issues. The government in such a state brainwashes the society so that to make it anti-Western.

“The annexation of the Crimea and covert intervention in the South-East Ukraine represents a consequence of this brainwashing, as it is impossible to support emotions with words only, actions are needed here,” Mitrokhin stressed.

He emphasized that the liberal ideology aimed at the development of the country, the welfare of all its citizens, and the conservative ideology focused on the territorial expansion and extension. All this smoothly turned into the imperial project.

Sergei Mitrokhin concluded that Russia, unlike the rest of the world, was moving in the opposite direction, hence the degradation of values in the society reflected in the growth of intolerance and xenophobia.

“Everybody understands that the regime can not exist for a long time in its present form. We have to think about what will happen after that. The whole story may end in aggressive nationalism and fascism,” Mitrokhin said.

But if the Nazi regime is a danger that may happen, a big lag in development has already happened due to the present policies of the government.

“I have said that liberalism should break with most of traditions, but that does not mean that liberalism must break with the basic culture and the basic essence and nature of our people.”

Mitrokhin also noted that the Russian people is very talented, but its development is possible only in freedom. Now freedom is limited, so many people are leaving the country.

“We are the force that can unlock the power of the nation leading us to prosperity and global competition. First of all, we need to rehabilitate Russian liberalism in the public eye.”

Baroness Kishwer Falkner, Vice-President of Liberal International and member of the House of Lords, in her speech recalled that since the crisis of 2008 and the following recession populist and nationalist movements and parties had been on the rise, they offered very simple solutions to very complex problems.

She also noted that conservatism could become very popular in the critical moments, as it is always easier for people to focus on the past. But this is not true, as life is changing all the time. The conservatives often say, “Stop the world, I will get off”. But the danger is not so much in conservatism, but in its relation to nationalism,” she said. “Patriotism is love to the country. But if you use patriotism as a cover for nationalism, then you need to worry: a patriot loves his country, but a nationalist hates his neighbours,” Kishwer Falkner said.

History teaches us that nationalists had no solutions to the problems, they only led to conflicts, and there was no progress, Baroness Falkner stressed expressing her concern that Russia was moving in that wrong way.

“Countries can not exist in isolation, so we create organizations and join in alliances. Now in the period of glbalisatoin all countries depend on each other. Over the past 15 years, over 500 million people came out of poverty, thanks to globalisation. Liberalism combined with capitalism – this is the answer,” she said.

“If you look at Russia’s response to the changes in the world, Russia cancels international agreements, it shows lack of respect for international law and sovereignty of its neighbors,” Baroness Falkner said.

“Russia is leading a war, but does not allow its soldiers to carry clear identification marks of its army. But who will pay for Russia’s retaliatory sanctions? Ordinary Russians, not the oligarchs and Putin,” she said.

“It is easy to start a war, but it is difficult to get out of it. War costs money, it is worth the lives of young people,” Kishwer Falkner added.

Concluding her speech Baroness Kishwer Falkner urged Vladimir Putin to admit his mistakes, not to put pressure on the media and not to suppress the protests. “Why, Mr Putin, are you afraid of your citizens, why do you not allow them to join organizations, why do you adopt laws that do not allow them to express their opinion?” she asked.

“Self-isolation seems to be the decision taken by the Russian authorities, while the rest of the world has been integrating. Even powerful China has been trying to become a full member of the international trade, because they understand that they can not survive alone. We – Liberals – should be together, should support each other. The situation will change, isolation can not last forever,” she concluded.

ALDE Vice President Olle Schmidt noted in his speech that the achievements from a global economy were questioned in Europe and that “results from the EP elections this spring indicated a fear and an increasing tendency to lean on nationalism and protectionism”.
He stressed that liberals had developed solutions to such problems, “We liberals know that an interdepending global economy with free trade is essential for freedom, democracy, wealth and prosperity. Nationalism and isolation are the worst enemies to our liberal values. And we have to come up with good answers. Market economy is not Wild West capitalism – with everyone on their own! On the contrary! A decent market economy includes fundamental liberal values as a fair distribution of wealth, an inclusive and egalitarian policy for all. I would specially point out a policy including women in all areas. We need also have policy to include the increasing number of immigrants. Diversity is good for the economy.”
According to Olle Schmidt the distinction between liberals, conservatives and socialists was as follows: “The conservatives they have neither the ideas nor the social inclusive perspective. The socialists they always tend to call for a stronger state that solves all the problems. But we liberals we have to combine a belief in individual capacity as Lord Dahrendorff expressed – Chances of Life – with a social and inclusive way of giving citizens a decent life. We could call it social liberalism.”
Criticising authoritarian leaders, Vladimir Putin inclusive, Olle Schmidt quoted President Abraham Lincoln: “You can fool some of the people all of the time, and all of the people some of the time, but you can not fool all of the people all of the time!” The liberal answer for that should be a good society with responsible citizens, where economic liberal values matters. The society can never be sustainable without democracy, tolerance and freedom of speech.

Videorecording of all the conference with English simultaneous translation

The conference program (PDF)


Sergei Mitrokhin, YABLOKO Chairman


Olle Schmidt, ALDE Vice President


Dr. Rainer Stinner, FDP, Germany


Grigory Yavlinsky, YABLOKO founder


Dr.Olga Malinova, Honorary President of the Russian Association of Political Sciences


Dr. Vladimir Kantor, Professor of Higher School of Economics


Victor Sheinis, YABLOKO Political Committee member


YABLOKO Bureau members Ivan Bolshakov and Alexandr Gnezdilov


Galina Mikhakeva and Victor Sheinis


Tatyana Vorozheykina, independent Scholar; Emil Kirjas, LI Secretary General; Satka Hajdarpasic, Vice President of the Liberal Party of Montenegro


Boris Vishnevsky, YABLOKO deputy at St.Petersburg Legislative Assembly, Ivan Bolshakov; Alexandr Gnezdilov; Johan Ekman, Chair of International Committee, Swedish People’s Party of Finland