Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Helsinki 2018: The Lost Future

Grigory Yavlinsky on the upcoming meeting between Vladimir Putin and Donald Trump, 13.07.2018

The summit in Finland and the way the Moscow establishment and the Russian media are waiting for it is an indication of the position of Russia in the present world. A year ago, a meeting with Donald Trump in Hamburg on the G-20 was presented as a provoking interest but generally natural political event, also inscribed in the context of a high-level global event (see [my article] “We Are of No Interest to Trump” of July 2017 ). However, even then, the absence of meaning and subject for normal political analysis was very noticeable.

Now the opportunity to meet with Donald Trump acquired the traits of an exceptional event in the eyes of the Russian political class. This meeting is expected as a visit of a star to the peripheral town, putting all hopes and aspirations possible into this anticipation. As there maybe no other opportunity to be noticed.


They are waiting, for example, as a special gesture that Donald Trump, along with Vladimir Putin, will appear at the final of the World Cup [in Moscow]. And what if he says that “Crimea is ours”? Trump can do it. And what will happen then? Nothing, except the noise. American sanctions against Russia are enshrined in the US law. This was done specifically so that the US president could not abolish or change them (see [my article] “New Sanctions – New Wars?” of July 2017). All this is well known. And Trump’s position in the American political situation also has not improved so much that his own initiative could become a significant signal to change the viewpoint of the Congress.


As for the European countries, the world context of the attitude to Putin (and to Trump as well) is now such that any verbal flirtations between the presidents of Russia and the United States will cause only irritation and rejection.


Then what is the point of the summit in Finland? Very simple – it is in PR! The summit in Helsinki is the continuation of Trump’s personal PR show, stretching the impression of his significance, created, in his own opinion, by his Singapore event with Kim Jong-un. The format of Trump’s foreign policy activity stems from his very little political experience and narrow-mindedness: to boast for a while and tell all the  traditional allies of the United States to get lost, but to meet with the main outcasts of world politics. Was any result achieved at the talks with the leader of the North Korea in Singapore? Will there be real progress forward, at least in the direction of the North Korean denuclearisation? All the questions remain open.


Anyway, the summit in Singapore became for Donald Trump an international advertising event, and the upcoming meeting in Helsinki will be its continuation. Well, the foreign policy positioning of the Russian government now is such: it is compelled to provide PR to the American president. The Russian president has no one to advertise himself to. Moreover, after the March speech in the Manezh, no one doubts the long-term course of Putin for the arms race. Dialogue on the détente and reduction of nuclear arsenals between Russia and the United States in general is absent.


However, even if something is signed and some statements will be made on the result of the Helsinki summit, there is no hope that it will be something real and practical. Experience has shown that any agreements and joint declarations, if they are not sincere, are not deeply felt and do not result from the content of the policy, remain only on paper and are instantly forgotten. The most vivid example of a meaningless signing with much fanfare of what none of the signatories believed in and intended to do nothing in this direction was the Moscow Declaration on the New Strategic Relations between the Russian Federation and the United States of America of 2002.


As today relations between the two countries are at their lowest point for many decades and at the same time the Helsinki summit is not prepared, there are no elaborated initiatives, projects or at least new scenarios for the development of relations, and the “partners” treat each other in reality with a huge share of cynicism, then whatever Trump and Putin may agree upon, there is no chance to create any prerequisites for a real change in the impasse. Is it possible to count on a sudden sensible improvisation? No. The Russian diplomacy has long been part of the propaganda machine, and it is outside the context of real world problems. Therefore, there is nothing to expect from Putin, and Trump, unfortunately, is not a figure from which one can expect the birth of political meanings.


And yet the summit in Helsinki is a landmark one. This is a meeting of two politicians who lost the future, their policy is devoid of a vision of the perspective and understanding of the modern world. Putin and Trump are two politically blind men leading their countries, and the world together with them, to nowhere. But for America this can still become a nuisance stop in the way, whereas for Russia the loss of purpose and the final transformation into a mafia state is fatal.


In early July, a delegation of American senators visited Russia, in the context of preparations for the summit in Helsinki. In the State Duma, by the way, they gave a standing ovation to the American senators who had adopted the law on anti-Russian sanctions. At the end of the visit, John Louis Kennedy, Republican Senator from Louisiana, described the situation in Russia as follows: “They do not have a political philosophy [in Russia]. [It is like wondering]  ‘what’s the political philosophy of the mafia’?” We are well aware of this (see [my article] “The Threat of the National Perspective” of May 2018), but the situation does not change and it becomes increasingly more conspicuous to external observers.


Russia’s withdrawal from the international impasse is a matter exclusively for Russia itself. To do this, it is necessary to radically change the foreign policy course and take a number of obvious priority actions, in particular, immediately stop the war in the Donbass, recognise the illegality of annexation of Crimea and initiate an international conference on the status of the peninsula, withdraw troops from Syria, stop shielding Bashar al-Assad’s crimes… And this should be done not for Trump, but for our country, in the name of its future.


But judging by what Putin has been saying and doing recently, he is not ready for this. And the summit in Helsinki will not help.