Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Gubernatorial non-elections

Grigory Yavlinsky on the municipal filter, technocrats and the danger of doing away with politics in Russia’s regions
Grigory Yavlinsky website, 10.09.2018

A Single Voting Day has taken place in Russia. It is single because the elections of mayors and heads of administrations are taking place according to a single scheme “elections without choice” designed by political cheats. The mechanisms that have already become a long-standing tradition not only leave independent candidates no chances to win but also prevent them from participation. Nobody elects anyone – the Kremlin appoints mayors and governors. They mock elections by making it appear that voters who participate in the process do not want any alternative. A municipal filter is a good way to withdraw the opponents of Vladimir Putin’s policy from elections. It is impossible to overcome the filter. Yabloko experienced this problem in Yekaterinburg, Pskov and the Moscow Region. Most people understand what is going on. This is why the real voter turnout is about 20 per cent in many towns and whole regions. When the turnout is low it is enough to gain about 10-15 per cent of votes in general to “win”. It means that the opinion of 85-90 per cent of residents is not taken into account at all.

As a result of these “non-elections” unknown people come to power in Russia’s regions – former security guards of the president, former drivers of former assistants of the president. They are people who proved to be loyal servants of the acting government, people without any will, ideas, programmes, knowledge, experience… These days they also call them “technocrats” or “managers”. This way politics in Russia’s regions is being destroyed: politicians are substituted with useless and obedient doers. They have to be able to solve at least some problems and pretend that they are effective to some extent in the situation of oil prices downturn and sanctions. Those who fail to do so are substituted with other “managers”.

Putin does not see Russia as a federative state with 85 constituent entities. He sees it as factory with 85 production departments and the main office in the Kremlin. The actual authority of governors is being systematically limited in favour of Moscow. At the same time governors are being indulged and the federal government close their eyes to corruption (up to a point) and violation of human rights in exchange for obedience and loyalty. They rule the regions by means of surveillance, prosecution and police, by means of fear rather than law and economy. It is not surprising that regional elites are intimidated and suppressed.

Doing away with politicians and politics in the regions and creating the whole army of officials who are government’s flesh and blood and cannot possibly imagine any other governance model means that even after Putin leaves office the transition from a mafia-state to a different governmental system will be difficult and dangerous, if possible at all.

Perhaps you might wonder why the “non-election” of Sobyanin, for example, is deprived of any social importance at all in compression with “non-election” of Putin. The answer is that the “non-election” of Putin gave at least some opportunity to draw attention to the problem of war and peace and try to make it known that a war is a bedrail of Russia’s national interests, it is a crime and if we do not stop engaging in wars it will not be possible to solve the problems of pensions, wages, healthcare or housing. The “non-election” of Moscow mayor, head of Khakassia, governor of the Pskov Region or Chukotka has no impact. The “winner” will be chosen by the presidential administration and their sphere of influence will be determined there as well. All discussions and arguments on management issues under present conditions are like “fighting for improving living standards” ahead of mass political reprisals in 1937.

P. S. To be fair, the elections to regional and city parliaments are the only opportunity we have left to exercise our right to vote despite fraud and corruption. Participation in elections gives us at least some chance to promote young politicians who do not make part of Putin’s paradigm (this is why we still need primaries and nominate our candidates). I congratulate Yabloko branches in Yekatringburg (5.4 per cent) and Veliky Novgorod (10.5 per cent) on their election results – they managed to clear the threshold and form factions in city parliaments.