Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Grigory Yavlinsky: What threatens Putin and what threatens Russia

Grigory Yavlinsky’s web-site, 26.02.2021

423 agents of “foreign secret services” were identified in Russia in 2020, as Vladimir Putin said. At the meeting of the Board of the Federal Security Service, Putin spoke about the key, in his view, modern threats to Russia: spies, terrorists, hackers and opponents of the Sputnik V [vaccine against COVID]. These threats are, certainly, along the “external perimeter”. The external enemy again wants to “undermine the values ​​that unite Russian society, ultimately weaken Russia and put it under external control”.

5,716 cases were opened after the protest actions in Moscow in late January – early February this year. 1,251 people were arrested. They are not spies or terrorists. They did not threaten with anything and do not threaten the well-being of Russia. And completely different threats, not those that Putin is talking about, took them into the streets.



– The attitude towards the citizens of Russia as a resource for the realisation of the great super power ambitions and confrontation with the West, growing poverty and lack of rights, ineffective Russian economy of state capitalism and increasing sanctions.


A deliberate policy of saving on the priority needs of people during a calamity – the pandemic, and minimisation of provision of aid to them during this extremely difficult period not only led to a sharp drop in living standards (only according to official data, real disposable incomes of Russians fell by 3.5% over the year, and by 10.6% as of 2013), but also caused a huge excess mortality. Excess mortality in Russia amounted to 358,000 people from April to the end of 2020.




– Lies, repression and terror instead of dialogue with society.


Repressive and protective actions are not a consequence of fear of people who take to the streets, but signs of a changed nature of the regime, which demonstrates to the public that unauthorised street activity will be severely suppressed. The repressive actions are accompanied by large-scale information campaigns of defaming the political opposition and all those expressing discontent, adding tensions of suppressing dissent, searching for internal enemies and foreign agents.


– “Hybrid” terror and violence through private military companies and “death squads”


These are the instruments of pressure on citizens and implementation of foreign policy adventures that are not subject to laws, unofficial, but possibly closely related to the state. At the same time, the burning question of the possible use of chemical warfare agents inside and outside the country remains on the agenda.


– Willingness to use large-scale violence against protesters and shedding blood, as well as a high likelihood of provocations pushing towards the implementation of this scenario.


The support by the Russian leadership of unprecedented violence against protesters in Belarus, and the rhetoric used by the President and state officials in talking about the recent protests in Russia, leave no doubt that the authorities are ready for large-scale violence against citizens expressing discontent. At the same time, there is virtually no room for legal street protest.



– Aggressive nationalism, imperial policy towards [Russia’s] neighbours, striving for control over the post-Soviet countries in various forms – from the implementation of the doctrine of limited sovereignty to annexation (first of all, we are talking about Ukraine and Belarus).


– Willingness to sever ties with the democratic world ([Russian Foreign Minister] Lavrov speaks of severing relations with Europe as a fact that has already taken place). But there is still dangerous participation in military conflicts in Syria and a number of African countries.



– Political populism transforming into National Bolshevism, the struggle for power through inciting hatred between the poor and the rich and by means of a crowd pumped up by propaganda, when the real problems of the state and society are used only as a tool, and often leading to violent clashes.


The nationalist and the left-populist agenda is being promoted, which creates conditions for redirecting public discontent from the inefficient irremovable government to those whom it points out: external and internal enemies. We should not forget that the situational alliance of civil activists with nationalists and national Bolsheviks has already led to a tragedy. The rise of nationalism and the Russian Marches in the 2000s became a direct prerequisite for dozens of murders in Russia, and then the shift in public consciousness was exploited by the Putin system, which annexed Crimea in 2014 and initiated a bloody war with more than 13,000 victims in East Ukraine.


* * *

These are real threats that Russian citizens face on a daily basis. These are not fictional spy stories, nor undermining propaganda-created [spiritual] bonds. These are threats to people’s lives.


(Based on the decision of the Federal Political Committee of the Yabloko Party of February 19, 2021. The press release on the decision is here.)