Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Grigory Yavlinsky: Victims of plebiscite

Grigory Yavlinsky website, 25.09.2018

I did not plan to write another post about the elections because it seems that everything has already been said (Including the latest elections: see ‘Gubernatorial non-elections‘). However, the victory of candidates from LDPR in Khabarovsk Krai and the Vladimir Region produced some inadequate impression on journalists and bloggers: the got excited and agitated claiming that “finally” [something happened]. As a matter of fact, there is nothing to be excited about. What happened last Sunday is another step down the ladder.

Photo by the Ministry of Internal Affairs in the Vladimir Region, Press Service

The fact that LDPR came to power is an indicator of degradation of the political and economic situation. It proves that the state of affairs in the country is becoming more and more absurd. We had a similar situation in 1993 when LDPR gained the majority in the parliament as a result of failure of the reforms and tanks shelling the Russian White House.

Manmade economic stagnation, growth of poverty and destitution, raising the retirement age, wars in Donbass and Syria, international isolation, theft and corruption, lack of perspectives – all this creates the atmosphere of fear, melancholy and anger. This is the reason why people voted for LDPR. The worse the situation in the country is, the more successful populists are.

If someone thinks that the voting results in Primorski Krai, Khabarovsk Krai, Khakassia the Vladimir Region symbolise political canes in Russia, I must tell you that it is all the same to Putin whom he will use to carry out his policies. It may be United Russia, LDPR or the Communist Party. The representatives of these parties fully and implicitly support major Putin’s policies. What is more, governors are totally dependent on the federal government. This is why discussions about a coalition government between Zyuganov [head of the Communist Party] and Zhyrinovsky [head of the LDPR] look really strange. Besides, if these characters could really implement their policies, the situation in the country would have been much worse. So, are there any reasons to be exited?

I have to say this again. The authorities do not mind if citizens vote against the incumbent governors and United Russia’s representatives in some regions. This is why they do not really oppose. Governors – weakest and silliest ones – become victims of the decision to raise the retirement age. The population displaces their anger on the governors and this serves for the benefit of the system. It has been Putin’s line for the past few years to shift responsibility for all the problems on regional authorities and officials. The President himself acts as the supreme judge and people’s only protector who is different from all other statesmen. Putin’s latest “teleconferences” were organised in accordance with this principle. So, the system is not stuck, it follows its logic. The conclusions of news analysts on the deep connection between “the victory of the opposition” in several regions and future federal elections is vain pursuit. It is very likely that the electoral system will be tighten to prevent future failures. What is more, those who broke agreements and the codes of the underworld will be taken care of. The Communist Party and the LDPR will, of course, support such amendments to the law as they always do.

The victory of candidates from the Communist Party and LDPR does not change anything. Governors in modern Russia are ordinary officials which serve the federal government and have nothing to do with public affairs. In case an “alternative” candidate wins the race, he becomes an official, becomes party of the system and plays by its rules. There is no real constructive alternative at the elections. The municipal filter prevents candidates who could have changes the situation from participation. Being optimistic about the victory of communists or LDPR representatives means following the logic “vote for any party but…”. It proved to be ineffective and meaningless in 2011. We all know what it resulted in.

There is one more thing. Statements that the Presidential Administration failed these elections, that the government has electoral problems, etc., give an impression that elections in Russia are legitimate. So, it helps empowering the operation called a “plebiscite” as of 18 March [presidential election]. If elections in Russia are real, if people can express their will, then Sobyanin was really elected Moscow Mayor and Putin is the lawful President of Russia. It is a good result and you can sacrifice Orlova [former governor of the Vladimir Region] and Shport [former governor of Khabarovsk Krai] in the name of it. If a failure has occurred, the authorities decided to make this sacrifice to prove that we have elections, though we do not have them.

What happened last Sunday shows that the in the best case scenario the regime moves towards a one party system with sanctioned factions under the auspices of immortal Putin. In the worst case scenario it will turn into an ultraconservative capsule fenced off from the world having Putin as a leader. Or maybe Shoygu.