Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Grigory Yavlinsky: “The adoption of the Paris Agreement is a political PR”

Deutsche Welle, 24.09.2019

Deutsche Welle talked with Grigory Yavlinsky, the founder of the Yabloko party and Doctor of Economics, about why the Russian Federation adopted the Paris climate agreement and what consequences it will have for society and the economy.


Deutsche Welle: Grigory Alexeyevich, more than three years have passed between the signing of the Paris Climate Agreement by Russia and its adoption. Do you think that the sudden acceleration of work in this area is really connected with the aggravated environmental problems in the country, or is there some other underlying reason?


Grigory Yavlinsky: I think that this is a political decision and it was not adopted that quickly. The point is that Vladimir Putin is ready to take a variety of measures to raise his own popularity. He does not change the situation with Crimea, Ukraine and in other matters. You know what happened in Moscow in the summer, how many people were persecuted for political reasons. And the topic of climate change is in fact fashionable, popular. Why should not he take such a step to please people? And besides, the topic of climate is a civilisational issue. People who understand the value of environmental protection are people of a higher cultural organisation. The lower is the level of culture, the less is understanding of climate issues. So Putin decided to demonstrate that he is well civilised in order to gain popularity in this way.

DW: So, in your opinion, the formal adoption of the agreement will not be followed by concrete cases?


G.Y.: It would be interesting to discuss this topic in a year. Then it will be obvious whether at least something is done in this direction in Russia. The country is in dire need of implementing environmental programmes. Today the Russian state apparatus has virtually no structures involved in environmental protection.


DW: The Yabloko party has an environmental faction The Green Russia, but there is still no independent political green party in the country. Does this mean that Russians are not so much interested in environmental issues?


G.Y.: There are many countries in the world where there is no “green” party. The point is not that there should be such a party, but that the level of environmental awareness in Russia is low, this is true. And this despite the fact that there was Chernobyl. Therefore, the most important political task of our party is to change the attitude towards environmental protection in the country.


DW: Can we say that the so-called “garbage riots” that swept across Russia over the past year indicate that the level of politicisation of environmental problems has been growing, and ordinary citizens have been increasingly thinking about the importance of climate and environmental problems for their lives?


G.Y.: No, the garbage problem and the climate problem are not related.


If your bed will be systematically stacked with garbage from a neighbouring porch, then this is not a climate issue, right? And here Moscow takes out its garbage to another city and there it is dumped on people’s heads.


This is another problem. This is a local social protest. While this is not politics, but it is the disagreement of people to live in such an environment. It has always been like this, in one form or another.


DW: Let us return to the Paris climate agreement. Today, Russia’s economy is highly dependent on hydrocarbons. To comply with the norms of the agreement, such an economic model will obviously have to be abandoned. Do you think the government took this into account when Dmitry Medvedev signed the decree on the adoption of this document?


G.Y. I think that the government did not reflect at all on how it would fulfill the requirements of the Paris Agreement. As for the fact that it is time for Russia to move away from the “economy of the pipe” or, as you put it beautifully, “hydrocarbons,” this is an obvious thing. Everyone knows it, but no one does anything in this direction.


DW: That is, with regard to the development of alternative energy sources, Russia…


G.Y.: … is below the lower margin. As far as I know, nothing is happening in this area. There are some conversations, but this has nothing to do with reality in any way.


DW: Maybe the industrial lobby is to blame? Indeed, critics of the Paris Agreement assert, and not without reason, that it will be the large industrial companies, forming the basis of the Russian economy, that will have to pay for the execution of its requirements.


G.Y.: Returning to your first question, I would like to reiterate: no one seriously thought [about all this] when signing this agreement. This is a purely political PR. This is a move to divert attention from the problems which entailed sanctions imposed on Russia. Now some kind of understanding is being established between Europe and Russia: Russia was returned to PACE, Putin met with Macron. It is on this wave that it was signed. So far, this is only a declaration, because it is fashionable and useful for the image. And we will find out in a year, whether this will become a practical policy. I think this will not happen.


DW: So, do you think that members of the government and the president do not realise how much climate issues affect the lives of every person, including their own? In the same way as US President Donald Trump, who announced the US withdrawal from the Paris Climate Agreement two years ago, and defiantly did not go for the climate summit to New York today? Do you think Putin argues in much the same way? Or does he think: enough for our age, and after us the deluge?


G.Y.: Yes. You said it all yourself.


I think that our government and the president do not regard climate issues as practical policies.


That’s it.


DW: Even the flood in Irkutsk this summer, which, according to Siberian scientists, was directly related to global climate change, could not convince the Russian authorities of the opposite?


G.Y.: I think that the conclusions of scientists are correct. However, there were no rebuttals or discussions on this subject. Their opinion was simply ignored.


DW: According to the Presidential Administration, Russia’s GDP grew from 2011 to 2016, and greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere increased by only 0.3%. Do these figures relate somehow to reality or is there some kind of magic happening in Russia – there is growth in GDP but no emissions?


G.Y.: Statistics are generally “magic” in Russia, and this is one of the examples.


DW: Does the same “magic” statistics reflect the ratings of the president?


G.Y.: As for Putin’s rating, if he is in politics alone, then his rating is high.




Grigory Yavlinsky is Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of the Yabloko Party, Vice-President of Liberal International. Doctor of Economics, Professor of the National Research University “Higher School of Economics”.