Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our economy is state capitalism. A group of people has all the income, and the people bears all the expenses

Komsomolskaya Pravda, 24.12.2020

The leader of the Yabloko party shared his views on the ending 2020.

The leader of the Yabloko party has always had a special critical view of what was happening around him and had his own recipes how to fix it. He shared this special view of the outgoing 2020 in the Vladimir Vorsobin’s programme Civil Defence on the Komsomolskaya Pravda radio.



Question: How you describe 2020 in one word?


Grigory Yavlinsky: The year of strength tests. The year testing people, health systems, and politics.


Question: And how strong did the Russian system turned out to be?


Grigory Yavlinsky: I will give you one figure. The population of Russia in 2020 will fall by 352,000 people. This is ten times more than last year. That’s the estimate.


Question: But the American Democrats also curse Donald Trump. And in Europe, they are severely criticising the leaders of the countries who at the beginning of the year did not know what COVID was about. How do Russia’s mistakes of Russia differ from the world’s ones?


Grigory Yavlinsky: Well, not all countries have experienced such a population decline. Sound professional criticism is a prerequisite for the normal development of society. The USSR collapsed because of the old notion that there should be no criticism, but only praise and applause.


Question: – But the USSR collapsed just when criticism was allowed.


Grigory Yavlinsky: When they allowed it, it was too late. Similarly, the issue of a safe change of government has not yet been resolved in our country. If I ask you now: what will happen to the economy in two or three years? An honest answer is: nobody knows it. Then I will ask you: what will happen to healthcare in two or three years? You will not be able to answer. You can only tell one thing – who will be the President.



Question: You were the Vice Prime Minister of the Council of Ministers of Russia. In your opinion, did the replacement of Dmitry Medvedev by Mikhail Mishustin this year bring something for the country?


Grigory Yavlinsky: The concept of power in Russia is such now that governments must be technical. All major decisions are made by the President. And the government is an executive body which you can hold accountanle, for example, why prices are rising. Therefore, I do not see any big difference between the Cabinets. Mishustin’s Cabinet, by the way, is the most technical in the row. It is assumed that due to digital technologies it will solve some problems of economic growth. However, we should admit here that when the government was being formed, no one suspected that a pandemic, a recession in the world economy, and a drop in oil prices would occur soon. The government got in a very difficult situation…


When they say prices are going up, ask yourself why? Because the devaluation of the Russian currency this year is 25%. It is a raw materials based economy. There is high corruption, poor investment climate? large technological gap. There is no effective judicial system. There is excess government spending. I can innumerate all this for a long time.


Question: You have been innumerating all this for twenty years. But they don’t listen to you. Apparently, the authorities have their own strategy.


Grigory Yavlinsky: Good point. I will give you two arguments here. First, our economy in 2020 will constitute already less than 10% of the European and 7% of the American. Given that we have a population of 146 million, and we are the largest country in the world, the richest in resources. Second, if a person keeps saying that twice two is four, is he stupid? Or principled?




Question: The government was criticised for the lack of support for people during the pandemic. But now the country has a lot of gold and foreign currency reserves and almost no debts.


Grigory Yavlinsky: And what is the use of this? The economy has not been growing for many years, and the incomes of citizens have been falling. In Western Europe, in the United States, up to 20% of GDP is spent on supporting the population and businesses. We spend a little over 2%. Despite the fact that the National Welfare Fund has 10 trillion roubles, and the gold and foreign currency reserves amount to 38 trillion roubles.


In March, we proposed a programme to support citizens in quarantine.


We believed that 80% of the salary should be paid to workers of the enterprises that stopped working,  30% of utility bills should be compensated, 25% of the mortgage should be taken over by the state. The programme was sent to the government, we received feedback from all ministries. If this programme were launched, there would not have been such drop in income. And the economic downfall would have been much less… But in the end the government went in a different direction: pretending to help without spending too much on it in fact.


Question: What does the government base upon?


Grigory Yavlinsky: Look at the budget structure. The priorities are the defence spending and police spending. Because our economy is state capitalism. What is state capitalism? This is when the income is private and the expenses are public. Some groups of comrades receive most of the income, while the costs are borne by us – society and the state as a whole.



Question: This year, people took to the streets with protests in Khabarovsk and Minsk.


Grigory Yavlinsky: These are completely different stories. In Khabarovsk [in the Russian Far East], people are offended that their choice was ignored [when elected Governor Furgal was imprisoned and dismissed from his post by Moscow under a pretext that he was a criminal]. When a new system of electing governors and all these municipal filters were introduced, Moscow said: we cannot allow criminals to get into power. Therefore, we must “filter” all candidates. Otherwise, the mafia will take over the leadership positions. The question arises: where was Moscow and all these filters, when the candidate for Governor Mr. Furgal was allow to run in the elections?


Question: Is Khabarovsk a bell for the authorities or just an individual case?


Grigory Yavlinsky: An individual case, albeit unpleasant in different ways.


Question: People in Minsk were insulted too.


Grigory Yavlinsky: But in Belarus it is completely different. I express my personal solidarity with the people who have been protesting against lies, arbitrariness, falsification and violence already for the twentieth Sunday in a row.


Question: But there is another logic: Lukashenko, roughly speaking, is a son of a bitch, but he is “our son of a bitch”. It seems to me that Moscow proceeds from this.


Grigory Yavlinsky: That is why Russia is also responsible for what has been happening in Belarus.



Question: But what were the options? To allow Tikhanovskaya to become the head of Belarus? Belarus would have gone to the West, and 80 per cent of our citizens would not like it. Even now they are ready to forgive Lukashenko for his sins, since, again, he is ours.


Grigory Yavlinsky: The economy of Belarus is completely tied to Russia. Nothing terrible would have happened if the banker (Ed. presidential candidate Babariko), who was put in prison, would have won.


It is better to think about why, as soon as people are given freedom, they want to run away from us, Russia. Such are the cases of Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova. Maybe we are doing something wrong?




Question: What do you think about the mysterious case of Alexei Navalny’s poisoning?


Grigory Yavlinsky: I don’t understand this case. As soon as this happened, Russia itself had to initiate an investigation with the participation of international experts so that to close the topic.


Question: But we don’t trust them. And they don’t trust us.


Grigory Yavlinsky: This is the state of a cold war. There is nothing good about that.


Question: Is Alexei Navalny an independent figure?


Grigory Yavlinsky: He has been a Yabloko member for a long time. We parted with him, we expelled him. Because his policies did not suit us. We never regretted it. We have a completely different political line. But I wish him good health. What is happening to him is humanwise very hard.


Question: I know that you are not very fond of talking about Navalny. But all the same, is he a traitor, a character inconvenient for the authorities or an agent of special services?


Grigory Yavlinsky: I have a counter question. Why didn’t they make such an international journalistic investigation into the murder of Boris Nemtsov, but did it into the poisoning of Navalny? I don’t know the answer. And you?




Question: What Russia should expect from Biden’s presidency?


Grigory Yavlinsky: There are very disturbing developments taking place in the US. The country is almost split in two halves: 74 million people voted for Trump and 81 million for Biden. And we will have a difficult time. And this is not about the United States. We need to work out the most beneficial foreign policy for Russia. Do not hassle with everyone saying “you are all bad, you offend us”. Nobody owes us anything. We need to find a common language with the world around us, but the most important thing is to understand our national interests.


Question: What are they? Tell us.


Grigory Yavlinsky: In short, they are in the growth of the welfare of our people. We are responsible for its future.


Question: But on the one hand, a Russian person would like to live well, and at the same time look proudly, like a great country. And one have to pay for the greatness. How to connect it all?


Grigory Yavlinsky: Considering our culture, our history, our scale and the qualities of our people, we are a great country anyway. We, as a people, are no better than others, but we are no worse.




Grigory Yavlinsky

is Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO, Vice President of Liberal International, PhD in Economics, Professor of the National Research University Higher School of Economics.