Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Grigory Yavlinsky on the consequences of the conflict between PMC veterans and the Russian government

Grigory Yavlinsky website, 16.11.2018

They were not present in Crimea in 2014. They have not been present in the Donbass these four years. They are not present in Syria. They are not present in Central African Republic, in Libya and in Sudan… However, it looks like they are present in the Hague.

The so called “veterans of military conflicts” also knows as “servicemen on leave”, “volunteers” and “rebels” who are in fact simply “the soldiers of fortune”, in other words they are mercenaries from Russian private military companies, are intent upon turning to the International Criminal Court (ICC) itself to maintain their rights (!). The veterans of the underground military groups are planning to gain an official status, recognition, standard benefits, etc. from the Russian government which sent them to the war denying their presence in the hot spots, and, as a result, refraining from any social or financial responsibility for them. [The government] is concealing the losses, and it is not a rare case when the dead [militants] are buried in unmarked graves. It seems that the people “who-are-not-present-there” are no longer satisfied with the current state of affairs and are determined to insist of international organisation’s investigation into the secret military operations in Syria, in Ukraine and in Africa.

“We are here!” – they are writing to the ICC in The Hague (by the way, Russia is not a member of the IMC and does not come within its jurisdiction). The application draft runs that the Russian state is actually “misleading civilians” “with the aim to unlawfully use them in military purposes” by not acknowledging that the participants of the conflicts in the Donbass, Syria and Africa work for “them”. There will be some forum of veteran groups where these issues will be considered in Moscow on 18th November.

However, the Kremlin insists that these people are present neither here nor there. “We do not know what veteran groups your are talking about. There is nothing I can say on the issue,” was the replay of the Kremlin’s spokesman.

That said for two week now a number of mass media outlets affiliated with Evgeny Prigozhin [an oligarch and owner of the Vagner private security firm] have been trying to discredit the organiser of this movement, a veteran “who is not present there” Evgeny Shabayev. They no longer call him “a fellow soldier”. Now he is a “traitor” and “parasite” because, according to the so called Federal News Agency he filed a complaint with the ICC calling upon the court to “open a criminal case under Paragraph (i) Article 7 of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court – “enforced disappearance of persons”.

It is noteworthy that Shibayev was among those who acknowledged that a large number of Russian citizens died in Syria in February 2018. According to eyewitnesses, over 200 Russians who worked for private military companies died in battles near Deir ez-Zor. On 12th February I demanded from Putin to report on the mass death of Russians in Syria. It is easy to guess that no answer has followed.

In the summer three Russian journalists who had been making a documentary about the activity of privet military companies in Africa were murdered in Central African Republic.

Some time ago the Russian government unanimously denied sending Russian militants to Libya. However, almost the next day a Russian businessman Evgeny Prigozhin who, according to mass media, is related to the Vagner PMC, “the troll factory” and organises catering for the Kremlin events, openly participated in the meeting of Russia’s Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu and Libyan Marshal Khalifa Haftar in Moscow. The government provided a simple explanation why a “chef ” was present at the meeting of the high-ranking military officials: Prigozhin was supposedly organising the official lunch for the heads of military departments of Russia and Libya. He also participated in the discussion the cultural programme for the Libyan delegation. It seems that introducing the real head of the “servicemen on leave” who are “on holiday” in Libya to Libyan officials was part of the cultural programme.

It is clear that it is enough to support one of the warring factions to destabilise the situation in a country like Libya. This will help both to strengthen and control the flow of refugees from South Africa, in other words – smuggling people to Europe, where political parties win and loose elections because of their stance on migration. This is enough to rock politics. Moscow hopes that Europe will find an argument like this convincing enough.

The attempts of private military contractors to appeal to international organisations with the demand to make Russia acknowledge them (by the way, the Russian government hired, trained, equipped and secretly sent them to the war) as well participation of “caterers” in geopolitical negotiations alongside the Defence Minister and Chief of General Staff, just like the case with the “heroes from Russian Military Intelligence”, are manifestations of a deep crisis. This is a good example of the why a mafia-state functions.

“A private military company” in a country that absolutely lacks public and civil control over corruption, that has no prominent independent mass media, no checks and balances, no independent courts but has a selective approach to law enforcement is a very controversial and dangerous phenomenon. The increase in number of private military companies in Russia coverup up by the government without any transparency of the process very quickly leads to the formation, strengthening and consolidation of an anti-constitutional institution, and it is very dangerous. This structure is actually an unlawful armed group that can be used by anyone (If they gave money and have an inclination to engage in adventures) both abroad and inside the country.

It is not surprising that the activity of structures like this in Russia has not been defined by law yet and is not regulated. There is no doubt that the legal vacuum and confusion are supported as a matter of convenience to engage in hybrid warfares and operations, to exonerate the government from responsibility – both the responsibility for the activity of private military contractors and their future if they are captured or if they die.

The government’s involvement in the process of creation and development of non-governmental armed groups, an informal merger of state and private defence structures leads to a transformation of the state system.

From the 1990s up to now the major problem in Russia has been a lack of checks and balances, a merger of the government and big business. Now this list has been added by an autonomous force element that has been recently developed using public funds and supported by the government. What is more, it is being used to illegally engage in war in Syria and Ukraine, and this is hidden from the public.

There are many consequences to this: moral and ethical, political, international, military. In addition, the creation of hybrid informal armed groups that have no official status on the territory of Russia has a key aspect within internal policies: this is a real and serious threat to security within the country.