Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Grigory Yavlinsky: Freedom for political prisoners – this demand must be repeated every day. Their freedom is our freedom

Press Release, 14.12.2019

Grigory Yavlinsky, Chairman of the Yabloko Federal Political Committee, made a political report at the 21st Party Congress (full transcript in Russian is here). The report dealt with Russia’s domestic and foreign policies, the situation in Russian economy, as well as the challenges that Yabloko faces today.

According to Yavlinsky, a mature authoritarian system of power was establish in Russia. “At times, this is authoritarianism, taken to the extreme, when one person makes decisions that even in Soviet times were made by 14 – 15 members of the Political Bureau [of then ruling communist party],” he said. This system is characterised by “contempt for a person, suppression of freedom, spreading of fear, corruption, and confrontation with neighbours”.


Yavlinsky stressed that this “corporate system” was not able to see the future, even its own. It had no ideology, the goal was irremovability, and it had only one principle – the end justifying the means.


“As daily practices, today’s politics is lies, reprisals, war and corruption,” Yavlinsky said. “These are dangerous times when the country is led by those who are ready to lie about anything, and they are supported by those who are ready to believe in anything, basing on the media that report anything. We must break out of this delusion.”

Such policies led to a “terrible tragedy” in eastern Ukraine, participation in a foreign civil war in Syria resulting in an increasing threat of terrorism.


Also the danger of a major war had been growing, Yavlinsky noted. Almost all nuclear arms control treaties expired, this resulted in an arms race.


Speaking about the situation in the Russian economy, Grigory Yavlinsky stressed in particular that almost a third of all Russians live on less than 690 roubles (approximately 9.8 Euro) a day. The structure of exports has been changing with the share of energy resources growing, and high-tech exports  declining.


Another large topic covered by Grigory Yavlinsky was the political reprisals in Russian. Yabloko founder talked in particular about Konstantin Kotov, a political prisoner of the so-called “Moscow riots” case, who received four years in prison. According to the leader of Yabloko, in the summer of 2019 (as in 2011), people took to the streets in protest against fraud.


“Freedom for political prisoners is a demand that must be repeated every day. Not a single prisoner should be left without attention. It is necessary to remember and protect not only those involved in the “Moscow riots” case, but also activists from the regions, public figures under investigation, human rights activists who were recognised “foreign agents”. Such a policy aims to scare everyone in Russia today. Their [political prisoners’] freedom is our freedom,” Yavlinsky said.


Yavlinsky also noted that “we are immersed in the political culture of primitive authoritarianism”. It needs to be abolished and replaced by a different culture.


According to the leader of Yabloko, those political figures can be considered successful who make maximum contribution to the change of political course of the country, rather than those who gather a lot of people in the street or event those who are able to get several mandates in regional legislative assemblies or even in the State Duma.


“Russia vitally needs freedom. Freedom is life without fear. All citizens have the right to freedom of speech, religion, freedom from need and poverty, and freedom from fear. When they are implemented, it will be a country of people, not a country of officials, groupings and thieves,” Yavlinsky emphasised.


Grigory Yavlinsky also proposed making the Memorandum of Political Alternative a party programme document, binding on all members of the governing bodies of Yabloko. “This means strengthening of our identity, this is the prevention of the erosion of our political subjectivity. We are open to dialogue, but not to being imposed the ideas that are alien to us by majority or force,” he stressed.


Yavlinsky noted that he saw the goal and meaning of Yabloko in “making it possible for society to conduct an active and principled dialogue with the authorities.” According to him, if there is no open and legal participation of society in determining the fate of the country, then “the transit of power can turn into a triumph of a militaristic and national-imperial course”. The potential of society is now very law, Yavlinsky said.


Protest activism must be turned into political action. “The rising waves of protest activity are giving way to recession, leaving more and more political prisoners behind. This is a noble protest, I myself will personally participate in it, but we must understand that protests rise and then subside, and what is the perspective? We must break this vicious circle,” Grigory Yavlinsky emphasised.


According to Yavlinsky, if thousands of people across the country join Yabloko every day, this will be a form of protest. Studies show that if 3 – 5 per cent of the country’s population take part in a peaceful protest, this will be a decisive prerequisite for a regime change, he said. Such a party should have its own programme and leaders.


The key issue for Yabloko in this connection with this is “how to combine our ideology with the energy of society,” Yavlinsky said. According to Yavlinsky, Yabloko should become an intellectual leader: “We must be a party of the choice for society. We must be a party of human dignity. Russia needs a moral imperative, for which we all work with you. We will have to prove that the goal is not in the empire, not in the seizure of territory, but life, freedom and creativity.”


At the same time, Grigory Yavlinsky also noted that Yabloko itself needed to be improved taking into account both the developments within the party and the new requirements that the parties are facing today, in particular because of the crisis of the Schumpeterian model of democracy.


“We often talk about the need to renew the party, and this is wonderful. But these conversations will end in failure if we do not do this,” Grigory Yavlinsky said.


He proposed not to close the congress, but to consider the meeting on December 14-15, 2019, as the first stage of the congress. The second stage, according to the party leader, should take place no later than November 2020. At this point, a special working group formed by the Political Committee should prepare a package of proposals for the development of the party, as well as changes and improvements to the by-laws of Yabloko.


According to Yavlinsky, this should be the main task for the party Chairperson, whom the congress will elect today.