Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

“From Dublin to Vladivostok, we are all Europeans.” Members of the European Parliament addressed the Russian society

Press Release, 5.04.2022

Photo by Vladimir Sergeyev / RIA Novosti

 Members of the European Parliament addressed the people of Russia, reassuring Russian citizens that no one either threatens the country, or wishes it harm, and called for the completion of the “special operation” in Ukraine. The appeal was signed by the leaders of the Renew Europe Group (it includes deputies from ALDE, of which Yabloko is a collective member), the European People’s Party, the Socialist and Democrat Group, and the Left — together they represent the vast majority of MEPs. We publish this appeal in its entirety in English and French, replacing with asterisks the synonym for the “special operation”, which was used by MEPs, but is prohibited in Russia.

 Address to the Russian people


Dear European neighbours,

Dear friends,

Awful, terrifying, intolerable, *** is tearing our continent apart at its core.


You know   why.


The Russian army has entered Ukraine.


Your president decided to bring *** to a country that had not attacked anyone and only wanted to live in peace with all its neighbours and friends, with you as well as with us.


This *** has already killed too many people. It is bringing grief to families in Ukraine who are bombed, besieged or forced to flee their homes. It is killing your children who are sent to kill innocent people without, of course, understanding why they should do so.


This *** must end, as so many among you, mothers and fathers, journalists, professors, teachers and students, priests and scientists, artists and writers, have the courage to write on petitions signed with their names.


So we want to tell you today that no one is threatening Russia, that neither Ukraine, nor the European Union, nor the United States, nor the Atlantic Alliance want to harm it in the slightest. No one has annexed a single square meter of Russia, nor would they want to.


There are no NATO missiles in Ukraine, neither European nor American.


No Atlantic Alliance army, American or European, has entered or would enter Russia.


The only thing that threatens your country is the fear it inspires when its leaders behave as they are doing in Ukraine today, because the result is economic sanctions, mistrust and their consequences: mutual resentment and the abandonment of mutually beneficial cooperation. The only thing that threatens your president is his fear that Ukraine could develop as a successful, prosperous democracy, overcoming corruption and oligarchic rule and thereby serving as an example for a better Russia.


There is no place for this ***, and yes, it must stop immediately because it is absurd, unjust and brings even greater dangers to us all, but also because our 27 countries, your 27 neighbours, the 27 Member States of the European Union, are only waiting and hoping for the day when we can work with you, together, for the stability and prosperity of Europe, our common continent.



We owe it to our children and our parents. We owe it to the decades of peace that, despite the Cold War, Europe has enjoyed since the end of the Second World War. We owe it above all to our common identity, to our common European culture, for you, just like us, are first and foremost Europeans.


From St Petersburg to Lisbon, from Paris or Moscow to Berlin, Kiev or Warsaw, our young people share the same lifestyles, the same tastes and the same thirst for freedom. All generations combined, from Dublin to Vladivostok, we are all Europeans because our histories have always been intertwined and Tolstoy and Dostoyevsky, Chekhov and Bulgakov, your writers, belong to our common heritage, to the pantheon of world literature where they sit among Shakespeare, Hugo, Shevchenko, Goethe, Cervantes, Kafka or Mickiewicz.


We are all Europeans because you and we draw our common culture from Greek philosophy, Roman law, the Old and New Testaments, the Enlightenment and the democracy of Athens and Rome reinvented by the British and French revolutions.


So yes, let us work together to bring these dark hours to an end without delay, and let us work for the day when your Federation and our Union with its current and future members will find the ways of understanding and cooperation so necessary to Europe and to the world.


Let us work to ensure that the end of the East-West confrontation is no longer seen by anyone as a victory or a defeat but as the beginning of a new era of continental democracy and prosperity. Let us work to bring about that long-awaited day when we can combine our intellectual, natural and scientific wealth to affirm Europe, its culture and its civilisation. Yes, let us work for the moment when bridges will span the forgotten walls. Let us work for it, because there is nothing impossible about it, since you and us, dear friends and citizens of Russia, refuse ***. We know that many of you condemn Putin’s criminal attack and want peace, we hear your voices during protests despite the risk of arbitrary arrests and severe punishments.


It is because we know this, because we are certain of it, that we are speaking to you today with the desire that this message will contribute to and accelerate our reconciliation and that we will thus be able to emerge as quickly as possible from the tensions, the sanctions and above all from this ***, which has been inflicted by your president on the Ukrainian people, on you and your children so unfairly.


Long live Europe! Long live peace.



Adresse au peuple russe


Chers voisins européens,

Chers amis,


Affreuse, terrifiante, intolérable, la *** déchire notre continent en plein cœur.


Vous en savez la raison.


L’armée russe est entrée en Ukraine.


Votre président a décidé de porter la *** dans un pays qui n’avait agressé personne et ne souhaitait que vivre en paix avec tous ses voisins et amis, avec vous comme avec nous.


Cette *** a déjà tué trop de gens. Elle endeuille les familles d’Ukraine, bombardées, assiégées ou forcées de fuir sur les routes. Elle tue vos enfants envoyés tuer des innocents sans qu’ils ne puissent, bien évidemment, comprendre pourquoi ils devraient le faire.


Cette *** doit cesser comme tant d’entre vous, mères et pères de familles, journalistes, professeurs, enseignants et étudiants, prêtres et scientifiques, artistes et écrivains, ont le courage de l’écrire au bas de pétitions signées de leur nom.


Alors nous voulons vous dire aujourd’hui que personne ne menace la Russie, que ni l’Ukraine, ni l’Union européenne, ni les Etats-Unis, ni l’Alliance atlantique ne lui veulent le moindre mal.


Personne n’a annexé un seul mètre carré de la Russie ni ne voudrait le faire.

Il n’y a pas de missiles de l’Otan en Ukraine, pas plus européens qu’américains.

Aucune armée de l’Alliance atlantique, ni américaine ni européenne, n’a pénétré ni n’entendrait pénétrer en Russie.


La seule chose qui menace votre pays est la peur qu’il inspire lorsque ses dirigeants se comportent comme en Ukraine aujourd’hui car s’ensuivent d’incontournables sanctions économiques et l’abandon de coopérations mutuellement profitables. La seule chose qui menace votre président est sa crainte que l’Ukraine puisse devenir une démocratie aboutie et prospère débarrassée de la corruption et de l’emprise des oligarques et pouvant offrir un modèle pour une meilleur Russie.


Cette *** n’a pas lieu d’être et, oui, doit immédiatement cesser parce qu’elle est absurde, injuste et porteuse d’encore plus grands dangers pour nous tous mais aussi parce que nos 27 pays, vos 27 voisins, les 27 Etats-membres de l’Union européenne, n’attendent et n’espèrent que le jour où nous pourrions travailler avec vous, ensemble, à la stabilité et à la prospérité de l’Europe, notre continent commun.


Nous le devons à nos enfants et à nos parents. Nous le devons aux décennies de paix que, malgré la Guerre froide, l’Europe avait connues depuis la fin de la Deuxième Guerre mondiale. Nous le devons avant tout à notre commune identité, à notre commune européanité car vous comme nous, sommes d’abord des Européens.


De Saint-Pétersbourg à Lisbonne, de Paris ou Moscou à Berlin, Kiev ou Varsovie, nos jeunesses partagent les mêmes modes de vie, les mêmes goûts et la même soif de liberté. Toutes générations confondues, de Dublin à Vladivostok, nous sommes tous européens parce que nos Histoires sont mêlées depuis toujours et que Tolstoï et Dostoïevski, Tchékhov ou Boulgakov, vos auteurs appartiennent à notre patrimoine commun, à ce panthéon de la littérature mondiale où ils trônent parmi Shakespeare, Hugo, Chevtchenko, Goethe, Cervantès, Kafka ou Mickiewicz.


Européens, nous le sommes tous car vous et nous puisons notre culture commune dans la philosophie grecque, le droit romain, l’Ancien et le Nouveau Testament, les Lumières et la démocratie d’Athènes et de Rome réinventée par les révolutions britannique et française.


Alors oui, faisons ensemble que ces heures sombres s’achèvent sans délai et travaillons au jour où votre Fédération et notre Union, avec ses membres actuels et futurs, trouveront les voies d’une entente et d’une coopération si nécessaires à l’Europe et au monde.


Œuvrons à ce que la fin de l’affrontement Est-Ouest ne soit plus vu par quiconque comme une victoire ou une défaite mais comme le début d’une nouvelle ère de démocratie et de prospérité continentales. Œuvrons à faire naître ce jour attendu où nous pourrions additionner nos richesses intellectuelles, naturelles et scientifiques pour affirmer l’Europe, sa culture et sa civilisation. Œuvrons, oui, au moment où les ponts enjamberont les murs oubliés. Œuvrons-y car il n’y a rien là d’impossible tant vous et nous, chers amis et citoyens de Russie, refusons la ***. Nous savons que beaucoup d’entre vous condamnent l’agression criminelle de Poutine et veulent la paix, nous entendons vos voix pendant que vous manifestez en dépit des risques d’arrestation arbitraire et de condamnation à des lourdes peines.


C’est parce que nous le savons, parce que nous en sommes certains, que nous nous adressons à vous aujourd’hui avec la volonté que ce message contribue à notre rapprochement, qu’il le précipite et que nous puissions ainsi sortir au plus vite des tensions, des sanctions et de cette ***, surtout, si injustement infligée par votre Président au peuple ukrainien et à vos enfants.


Vive l’Europe ! Vive la paix !