Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Do not allow for militarisation of the school! Yabloko’s appeal to deputies, senators and the Minister of Education

Appeal by the Federal Bureau of Yabloko of 15.12.2022, published on 16.12.2022

Photo by Dmitry Lebedev, Kommersant

Yabloko demands to put an end to the militarisation of the school: not to make elementary military training a compulsory subject, not to allow for politicised and paramilitary events to be held at schools, and stop forcing schoolchildren to participate in “Conversations About the Important”. The Federal Bureau of the Yabloko Party sent such demands to deputies of the State Duma, members of the Federation Council and Minister of Education Sergei Kravtsov.


In parallel with the special military operation in Ukraine, another special operation has been unfolding, the one aimed at militarization of the Russian school.


Every day brings a new militaristic initiative: either make children forming up in the shape of the letter Z, then “Conversations About the Important”, then introduction of elementary military training, then “excursions” to the training grounds and teaching children to “repel a tank attack”.


At the same time, the right to choose, which is legally fixed for the child and the family, is violated – all events are declared compulsory, and those who refuse are threatened with punishment.


The political direction of these initiatives is obvious: ideological support for the political course of President Putin and the political party he relies on.


This represents a direct violation of the Constitution, which prohibits the establishment of a state or mandatory ideology, and the Federal Law “On Education in the Russian Federation”, which prohibits the activities of political parties in educational institutions and the use of educational activities by teachers for political propaganda, forcing students adopting political beliefs or abolishing them.


Militarisation of the school deforms schoolchildren’s minds, forming the idea that success in the world of the 21st century is ensured by military force, rather than modern science and technology, a powerful economy and the quality of human capital.


Education focused on preparing children for war and destruction, rather than for life and creation, becomes a source of fear and anxiety, reduces motivation both for learning and life. Today a significant part of children are worried about their mobilised fathers and older brothers, about their alarmed mothers and grandmothers, about the future of their families. Militarisation of the school will sharply intensify and exacerbate these anxieties. And the “sacralisation of death” – public statements about how to truly and correctly give one’s life for the sake of the state – deprives children of an understanding of the inherent value of life, and will inevitably cause an increase in depression, growth suicide rate and aggression.


We are certain that modern education needs humanisation, not militarization, and its main value should be a person.


Only in this case it will be possible to be ready for the tough requirements that the rapidly changing reality in the 21st century imposes on a person, and realise one’s responsibility for one’s life, one’s country and the planet.


We demand to put an end to militarisation of schools, prevent the introduction of elementary military training as a compulsory school subject, prevent politicised and paramilitary events in educational organisations, and stop the practices of forcing schoolchildren to participate in “Conversations About the Important”.


The desire of the authorities to use children for ideological support of the special operation is a threat to the future of our country.


We invite you to express your position on the initiatives aimed at militarisation of the Russian school and the unconstitutional introduction of mandatory state ideology in schools.


Nikolai Rybakov,

Yabloko Chairman




Members of the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko, respected experts, have been working on the problems of education:


– Emilia Slabunova, Honoured Teacher of Russia, Honorary Worker of Secondary Education of the Russian Federation, and Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences;


– Alexander Shishlov, Chairman of the Committee on Education and Science of the State Duma in 2000 – 2003;


– Yevgeny Bunimovich, Honoured Teacher of Russia, Laureate of the Prize of the Government of the Russian Federation in the Field of Education, and Candidate of Pedagogical Science.