Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Discussion “Ukraine: Perspectives for a Democratic Future in Europe?”

imageSynopsis of Grigory Yavlinsky’s speech at Forum 2000, Prague, on October 13, 2014, 14.00

Forum 2000*

Prague, October 12 – 15, 2014

1. I and my political supporters are strongly against the present Russia’s policies towards Ukraine: we are against the war between Russia and Ukraine. We do not agree with the annexation of Crimea, and all the present developments in South-East Ukraine are unacceptable for us. We are against the notorious policies of “limited sovereignty”. I would like to stress this especially in Prague, where, since 1968, people better than anywhere else realise what such “limited sovereignty” means.

Implementation of the Minsk Agreements has been under way. This is beneficial and important, because these [agreements] can reduce the number of victims. These agreements have to be maintained and developed in all directions.

An international conference is needed in the perspective, where it could be possible to openly discuss the difficult and dangerous crisis between Russia and Ukraine, and on this basis, try to give answers to the basic questions. All the interested sides should take part in such a conference.

However, in the long run, even all this will not be enough.

A common strategy which would lead to achieving by Ukraine and Russia of substantially close goals: the movement of both the countries to Europe.

This means that Russia will abolish the anti-European course and its gradual movement towards European politics and the way of living. This alone can be the foundation for the real peace.

Let us recollect what a disaster Europe got into in the first half of the 20th century due to the two world wars. However, I must say that the victory over fascism – which was hard and cost so many victims, most of the losses were suffered by my country – was only a prerequisite for peace. A real chance to prevent a new war appeared when the European Union emerged. Therefore, I would like to emphasize that the actual anti-European policies of Russia present a serious threat and danger.

Answering the question whether economic sanctions influence Russia, I would like to say that it is a new course for Russia, rather than something incidental. This is the course towards the creation and strengthening of the corporate state based on the oligarchic authoritarian system. Therefore, this issue should be understood in this context, rather than a way of complicating things for some political figure or a company.

2. Now about Ukraine. I am not going to teach Ukraine what it should do. I support Ukraine’s movement to Europe, and I would like to say that Ukraine faces enormously complex problems. If we speak about the reforms that have to be carried out, then these should be as follows:

– establishment of macroeconomic stability and stability of the banking sector;

– reduction of corruption;

– increase of transparency;

– increasing people’s trust [to the government] by conducting qualitative reforms in education and health care;

– reform of the energy sector and many other things…

But there are, I believe, two key points:

1) First, Ukrainian oligarchy has to be dismantled, because under oligarchy any economic aid, any “Marshall Plan” will end in the offshores of Cyprus or the Cayman Islands.

2) Second, it is the problem of toxic nationalism and extremism. An open public debate on these topics is needed. I think that Ukraine will be able to deal with that.

There is another important issue to be addressed if Ukraine is going to Europe – this is the problem of the Russian language as the second state language. And even if this maybe not well-timed, [Ukraine] will have to return to this topic.

3. However, the main issue in the context of our discussion is what Europe wants? Europe has not had a real strategy towards Ukraine and Russia since 1991… We can say that after the collapse of the Berlin Wall, there took place the “end of the strategy”, rather than the much referred to “end of history” (according Francis Fukuyama).

For example, how can we explain that Europe for many years agreed to shadow schemes of gas supply, when a small firm based in Switzerland and with a charter capital of 10,000 US dollars had a turnover of up to 8 billion Euro? Now we have to pay the price paid for such a shortsighted and unprincipled European policy.

All Europeans have to keep in mind remember that Ukraine is neither a buffer zone, nor a field for a new Cold War. Incidentally, such ideas that were widely spread in Europe led to the World War I and World War II.

What should be done? I think that in 30-40 years there will be two centres of economic power in the world: the North America and Asia. The question is as follows: can Europe be competitive and become the third centre? This question is very important. The essence is that a [common] economic space from Lisbon to Vladivostok should be created.

I am perfectly aware in what condition in terms of democracy Russia is at present. However, the idea of European integration, the European Union, turned into real political practices and was successfully implemented only decades after it had been declared. This is considering the fact that this idea was announced only two years after the end of a fierce mutual destruction in Europe. Half of Europe was under Stalin then. Nevertheless, it had the wisdom and courage to start this process in that period.

Therefore, it necessary to begin working now, create a strategy and work for a common future of Ukraine, Belarus and Russia as parts of united Europe.

For Europe, it is vital to have a strategy. And I would like to stress, that it is not a favor made by Europe to Ukraine or Russia. Creating an integration project is a fundamental interest of Europe as such.

* *

Answering the question of the panelists about why 80 per cent of Russian citizens support the government’s policy towards Ukraine, Grigory Yavlinsky said that this was the result of total propaganda. The absolute majority of the population receives information from television news programmes and official channels that supply so much of deliberately false information.

Grigory Yavlinsky also pointed at the cameras of Russian television channels and invited the audience to look after their stories about the Forum. He said that it would be impossible to understand what was discussed from their reports, “This is very powerful propaganda, it completely distorts the repose of the people. I think the point is not that some special people live in Russia. Simply recollect what happened to one of the most enlightened nations of Europe – the Germans – after the Nazis came to power. After two years people turned into some strange [society], and a little further they began elimination of their neighbours in their country – Jews and Gypsies – whom they had been living side by side throughout their lives.”

Answering the questions from the participants of the discussion Grigory Yavlinsky stressed that Europe and the United States should not give Ukraine unrealistic promises, “We must act openly and honestly.”

* “Forum 2000” was founded in 1996 by Czech President Vaclav Havel. The main objective of the conference is to identify the main challenges facing the civilization and to find ways to prevent escalation of conflicts based on religious, cultural or ethnic discords. This year the theme of the forum is “Democracy and Its Discontents: A Quarter-Century After the Iron Curtain and Tiananmen”.