Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Bureaucratic reform of the Russian Academies is inadmissible

Statement by the YABLOKO party
June 28, 2013

The government has submitted [to the State Duma] a law on the reform of the Academy of Sciences without consultation with the academic community and on the eve of summer vacation of the State Duma.

The law envisages a merger of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences and the Russian Academy of
Agricultural Sciences. A special Agency for Academic Institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) will be established under the Government for control over the institutions and the assets of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The staff of the Academy will subordinate to the federal bureaucracy, and its social services (out patient clinics, hospitals and health centres) are transferred to the
municipal authorities. Although formally RAS will be an independent organisation in terms of its charter and election of new members, in fact, it will be deprived of independence, because its institutions will not be able to independently solve their personnel and financial issues and will be deprived of operational management of the property. All issues, including allocation of financial resources and directions of future research will be decided by bureaucrats as far as they understand it.

Also the stake is made on the split of the academic community, as it is expected to eliminate the status of the corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, appointing all them academics, and as a “bonus” is proposed to double the academic scholarship for the academics.

We can see how the bureaucracy ‘manages’ property from the recent reforms by ex Defence Minister Anatoly Serdyukov; and the reform of militia/police demonstrates too well how it improves the efficiency of large organisations.

The Academy of Sciences is definitely in need of in-depth reforms, improving of academic efficiency (which is not equivalent to the
science citation index) and brining young people to science. However, we should realise that the main reason of aging of the staff and
reduction of the efficiency of the Russian Academy of Sciences lies not in the economic management over RAS, but in miserable funding of the academic science, growing bureaucratization of its activities and, which is also important, lack of demand in scientific achievements on behalf of the export-oriented raw material economy of the country.

That’s why young people do not go to science but choose business and administrative bodies. Candidates of science and doctors of science have to look for earnings in other sectors of the economy. Academics are distracted from their research by endless reporting and paper work, and receiving of grants, equipment and materials means unthinkable paperwork and red tape.

A real reform of the Russian Academy of Sciences should envisage, first of all, a substantial increase in its funding (from the present
1 per cent of GDP in the developing countries to at least 2 per cent of GDP), several fold increase of a basic salary (at present a person
with a Ph.D. received 20,000 rubles, which is equivalent to approximately Euro 480) and broadening of the temporary grants system.
A far greater autonomy and flexibility of the RAS and its institutions in human and financial affairs is required, along with
democratisation, competitiveness, enhancing openness in all administrative and financial activities, age limits and a regular
rotation of the managerial personnel and special benefits for young academics.

Science can be destroyed easily and quickly, but it is impossible to quickly restore it – this would take many decades. Our Academy of
Sciences enjoys world-known schools, natural national traditions and history of outstanding achievements. Rebirth and renewal of
fundamental science is impossible without this base, and without all this transition of the Russian economy to a high-tech innovation model impossible. The RAS reform should be conducted with great caution and care, it can not be carried out underhand or by an attack without consulting the scientific community.

The YABLOKO party, as well as the majority of Russian academics, assess the reforms announced by the Government as an attempt to
totally bureaucraticise and commercialise the RAS, which will not revive, but finally destroy the fundamental science. At present there are no reasons for adoption of hasty and ill-considered decisions. We are urging the Government to abandon the dangerous initiative and deploy a broad democratic discussion with authoritative representatives of the academic community on the best ways and means for modernizing the RAS.

For hundreds of years of its existence the Russian Academy of Sciences has gone through ordeals and the revolution of 1917, remained an ‘oasis’ of democracy, made outstanding achievements in Soviet times and survived the crisis 1990s. It will be an irreparable national disaster if this great work of Peter the Great comes to degradation and oblivion by its 300th anniversary.

Alexei Arbatov,
Academician, the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Member of the YABLOKO Political Committee

Sergei Mitrokhin,