Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Alexei Arbatov: After Putin’s statement, the US will most likely withdraw from the START III Treaty, and the arms race will start anew

Press Release, 22.02.2023, based on,,

Photo: Alexei Arbatov / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

On 22 February, the State Duma approved the suspension of Russia’s participation in the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty. This happened the day after the announcement of Vladimir Putin’s message to the Federal Assembly. On 21 February, the President announced that Russia was suspending participation in the START III Treaty, which was signed in 2010 by Dmitry Medvedev and Barack Obama. Acad. Alexei Arbatov, head of the Center for International Security of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO) of the Russian Academy of Sciences and a member of the Political Committee of the Yabloko party, believes that the United States can be expected to withdraw from the treaty in the near future.

It is not entirely clear what “suspending participation” means, Alexei Arbatov says in an interview with


— There is no such term in the treaty, so I think that first it needs to be clarified. And I think that the US will now demand clarification of what suspension means. Inspections as elements of the system of control over the treaty, that is, checks of its implementation and compliance with it have not been carried out for a long time. Russia refused to resume them, arguing that American aid to Ukraine creates a bad political atmosphere in which Russia could not consider it possible to resume inspections.


If Russia’s announcement of a suspension of participation is reduced only to this, then this is an issue that the United States is likely to clarify with Russia. Russia had a number of claims to the United States regarding the dismantling of strategic weapons, and this is also subject to discussion.


But if the conditions for Russia’s return to full compliance with the treaty are cessation of Western support for Ukraine or the inclusion of the nuclear forces of France and Great Britain in the treaty, which was also said, then this is a dead end. And the United States, most likely, will simply denounce the treaty in the near future in full accordance with Article 14, that is, at a three months’ notice, and [then] withdrawal from the treaty.


At the same time, Alexei Arbatov does not rule out that there is still an opportunity to hold urgent consultations and clarify claims to each other. In an interview with RBC, he notes that if these claims are mainly of a technical nature, then they can be resolved very quickly.


— But I think that is not what the question was asked for. [It was asked for] in order to show to the West that its policy on the Ukrainian conflict does not suit Russia, and Russia uses all available means to express this displeasure, in particular, in the area where the United States is really very interested in interacting with Russia.


According to Arbatov, Russia’s demand that Britain and France join the treaty raises the question of China joining the New START treaty. If this is an indispensable condition, then it will be possible to say “goodbye” to the treaty, the Academician says.


Alexei Arbatov notes that for the United States, the START III Treaty is an important element of security, along with many others, and for Moscow this is perhaps the only lever of pressure on Washington.


It should be noted that the strategic offensive arms reduction treaty limits the number of nuclear warheads of each of the ballistic missiles.


According to Alexei Arbatov, now we can expect a build-up of strategic weapons: after the START III freeze, the parties will most likely start developing new systems. As for testing nuclear weapons at testing sites, it is still banned, Arbatov says, but there is a high probability that testing will resume.


As Kommersant paper recalls, the last nuclear test of the USSR was carried out in 1990, Russia have not tested nuclear weapons.


As for the START III Treaty, in 2021 its validity was extended until 5 February, 2026. Now its fate is in limbo.



is a member of the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko. Head of the Centre for International Security of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Doctor of Historical Sciences, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences