Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Alexander Shishlov: “This is not just a fight against the so-called foreign influence”

The practice of adopting such laws shows that parliamentary activity has degraded

Rosbalt*, 30.06.2022

Photo: Alexander Shishlov / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

The State Duma adopted a unified law “On control over the activities of persons under foreign influence”. Now new restrictions are being introduced for foreign agents. They will be deprived of the opportunity to receive state financial support, including that in the implementation of creative activities, and they will not be able to use the simplified taxation scheme. They will also be prohibited from participating in the organisation and conduct of a public environmental expertise, teaching and educational activities in relation to minors. Alexander Shishlov, deputy of the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg from the Yabloko party, tells what is behind the practices of recognising Russians as foreign agents.

Question: Why is so much attention paid to “foreign agents”, who are very few in our country? In addition, many of them have already left the borders of their homeland. Why waste so much effort and energy on such a narrow group of people?


Alexander Shishlov: I think the question is broader. It is not just about people who are called “foreign agents” or “under foreign influence”. In my opinion, this is an integral part of the overall campaign to combat dissent and restrict people’s rights to access information. This is not just a fight against so-called foreign influence.


The very practices and technologies of adopting such laws, unfortunately, show that our parliamentary activity has degraded, as well as legislative. Let us take this particular bill. Sometimes they say that the text was hand-scribbled, in my opinion, this is just about this text. It was created in a hurry, and the amendments that were adopted were written by the same authors. They, apparently, realised that they had not made “everything” there, that they needed to make even more bans.


Question: The amendments were made not only by the authors of the law. We talked with Ksenia Goryacheva, deputy from the New People party, after the first reading. She was certain that the bill would undergo major changes.


Alexander Shishlov: In my opinion, this is the law, which cannot be corrected. In a sense, we are simply talking about a defective legal act. It cannot be improved by amendments. Nevertheless, some deputies and senators introduced innocent amendments that slightly limited the scope of its application. For example, it was proposed to exclude lawyers’ and notaries’ chambers from potential candidates for foreign agents. This was rejected.


The most notable amendment that did not pass attempted to link the cause and the effect. When the whole thing with foreign agents began many years ago, the main argument was that those who work in the interests of foreign actors (states or companies) should be kept under control. Then some explanation was logical. But the present law does not contain a condition that the activity is carried out in the interests of someone abroad. An amendment was filed that foreign agents are people who carry out certain activities in the interests of foreign actors. This amendment was rejected.


It represents a construction according to which, one can say by stretching a point very little, that the authors of the law and the deputies who voted for it are themselves foreign agents, because they are engaged in political activities and are under foreign influence. After all, they are all under sanctions! This means that they are influenced by foreign countries. Here is a demonstration of the absurdity of this legislative product.


Question: if I am not mistaken, not all deputies of the State Duma, but the majority of them, are under sanctions today. This, certainly, does not change the essence of the matter. Many experts note the lack of logic in the bill. For example, international academic activity is now a problems for Russian scientists.


Alexander Shishlov: This situation has a broader context, as I have said. It aims to hinder the professional work of people in different fields. In this case, we are talking about those who have at least some connection with at least something foreign. We can say that if a journalist goes out for a glass of beer with a foreigner, then in terms of the law, it will look like receiving advisory or organisational and methodological assistance from a foreign source. After that, the Ministry of Justice can extra-judicially register this journalist as a foreign agent. Unfortunately, such an absurd situation has developed.


It is also important to understand why such acts are adopted by the State Duma. We need to go back and recollect how it was formed. We were urged [by Alexei Navalny’s team] to vote for anyone, but the [ruling] United Russia party. And people did vote for the communists, for the Just Russia party with the Prigozhin’s trolls, and now they are adopting such laws. This is another lesson for all of us, what this or that position may lead in the elections, when the parliament is being formed. It [the parliament] has been formed in such a way that laws impeding professional activities of many people and, most importantly, impeding adequate information for the society are adopted virtually unanimously.


Interviewed by Peter Godlevsky


*Media acting, according to the Ministry of Justice, as a foreign agent.



is head of the Yabloko faction in the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg, and a member of the Federal Political Committee of the Yabloko party