Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

“Acad. Sakharov said that dialogue can be a solution to any problem.” An exhibition dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the Academician opened in the Yabloko office

Press Release, 21.05.2021

Full video recording of the opening:

An exhibition dedicated to the centenary of the outstanding Soviet academic and human rights defendert Andrei Dmitriyevich Sakharov opened in the Moscow office of the Yabloko party. An exhibition of photographs and quotes of Acad. Sakharov was prepared by the Sakharov Centre * and was to be opened in Chistoprudny Boulevard in the centre of Moscow. However, at the last moment, the Moscow authorities refused to give a permission for the exhibition. The Yabloko party offered its office space for the exhibition.

Opening the exhibition, Yabloko Chairman Nikolai Rybakov promised to do everything possible so that an even larger number of people would see the exhibition than if it were held in Chistoprudny Boulevard. The doors of the party office will be open to everyone wishing to see the exhibition for two weeks: every weekday from 21 May until 4 June, from 12:00 to 21:00.

Photo: Nikolai Rybakov (speaking at the opening of the exhibition)./ Photo by the Press Service of Yabloko


Nikolai Rybakov called the refusal of the Moscow authorities to give a permission to hold the exhibition for the 100th anniversary of one of the most outstanding people of the 20th century not only in Russia but throughout the world a meaningful event. He noted that the festive events in honour of Andrei Sakharov’s anniversary would be limited to a musical concert only. “This is certainly not bad, but it does not correspond to the scale of Andrei Sakharov’s personality and the ideas that he wanted to bring into our life and the life of all mankind,” the Yabloko Chairman said.


Andrei Sakharov was a well-known defender of political prisoners and all his major speeches always began with reading out the names of prisoners of conscience. Nikolai Rybakov suggested that Acad. Sakharov would have done the same in our time. For several minutes, the Yabloko Chairman read out a list of 80 names of the present political prisoners prepared up by the Memorial human rights centre *. Andrei Dmitriyevich Sakharov put a lot of mental strength into the creation of the Memorial centre, Rybakov noted.


Speaking after the Yabloko Chairman, Sergei Lukashevsky, Director of the Sakharov Centre, called reading out the names of political prisoners a wonderful gesture. “Today we are going through difficult times, when it seems that in terms of freedom, our country is rolling back somewhere to the early 1980s,” Lukashevsky said and quoted Acad.Sakharov saying what should be done in such times:


“Even when it seems that it is difficult and impossible to do something, we need to build ideals. It is a natural need to create ideals. Even when we do not see an immediate path to their implementation. After all, if there are no ideals, then there is absolutely nothing to hope for. Then there is a feeling of hopelessness and a dead end.”


Photo: Sergei Lukashevsky, Nikolai Rybakov, and Grigory Yavlinsky./ Photo by the Press Service of Yabloko


Grigory Yavlinsky, Chairman of the Yabloko Federal Political Committee, called the ban on the exhibition in the boulevard in Moscow an answer to the question of whether the current authorities are afraid of Sakharov. “What they are doing with his centenary, the fact that Yabloko is accepting the exhibition that was supposed to take place in the centre of Moscow – this is the answer to this question: they still fear and understand the importance of Sakharov, understand the meaning of his every word,” Yavlinsky said.


The founder of Yabloko called Andrei Sakharov and Mikhail Gorbachev “the people who gave freedom to the inhabitants of the Soviet Union and the entire socialist bloc”.


“The most significant thing that happened in my life in general is that I was given freedom. And not to me alone, but to everyone who was around me, and not somewhere abroad, but at home, where I was born. I cannot imagine anything more significant. And two people did it. This was done by Mikhail Gorbachev and Andrei Sakharov. The fact that they were always in dialogue, that they gave freedom [to us] and chose a political vector, that they were completely different, but found a way to conduct a dialogue – this led to freedom. Because freedom is multivariate, it does not exist without dialogue. This is the colossal significance of Sakharov in Russian politics for me,” Grigory Yavlinsky noted.


Photo: Grigory Yavlinsky at the exhibition. / Photo by the Press Service of Yabloko


Before the guests went to see the exposition, Sergei Lukashevsky, Director of the Sakharov Centre, spoke about the concept of the exhibition:


“These are photographs by famous Soviet and Russian photographers. We also tried to select Andrei Dmitriyevich’s statements that would show the entire spectrum of his views. His words that human rights should become the basis of not only internal, but also external politics, should become the basis of international relations. We wanted to show Sakharov’s faith in scientific and technological progress and, on the other hand, his own fears that in the hands of authoritarian regimes, in the hands of demagogic regimes, these benefits of civilisation can bring evil and harm to society, rather than benefit.


We wanted to show Andrei Sakharov as a defender of intellectual freedom, who said that only an unbiased open dialogue can be the basis for solving any, even the most difficult problems.


He called for an impartial study of any issue. The most important example is that Sakharov spoke very sharply and harshly about Soviet power, about the internal structure of the Soviet Union, about Soviet foreign policies and at the same time, and naturally, in a more friendly tone, but very harshly, criticised the Western world for being separated, that they sometimes preferred economic interests to the protection of values.


It seems to me that in this exhibition everyone can find something important for themselves, for their field of activity – either academic or public, on the other hand, to see the versatility of Sakharov’s heritage,” Lukashevsky said.




On 21 May, the birthday of Academician Andrei Sakharov, Yabloko held an international zoom-conference dedicated to his centenary. Speeches were made by Russian human rights defenders Sergei Kovalyov, Valery Borshchyov, Vyacheslav Bakhmin, Svetlana Gannushkina, Viktor Kogan-Yasny, politicians Vyacheslav Igrunov, Maxim Kruglov, Vladimir Ryzhkov, Boris Vishnevsky, Alexander Gnezdilov, Boris Misnik, journalists  Vladimir Kara-Murza and Vladimir Mukusev, and writer Alexander Arkhangelsky. Foreign participants of the conference were MEP Petras Auštrevičius, Dmitry Glinsky, Chairman of the Russian-speaking Public Council of New York, Nikolai Katerinchuk, leader of the European Party of Ukraine, writer Polina Zherebtsova (Finland), Antonina Buis, translator and member of the Board of the Sakharov Centre in the US,  Henrik Bach Mortensen, Vice-President of the pan-European liberal party ALDE, and Astrid Thors, Vice President of Liberal International.


Full video of the conference:


* Listed by the Ministry of Justice in the register of foreign agents.