Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

About the Future

Grigory Yavlinsky’s website, 02.07.2020  

Photo by Kristina Kormilitsyna / Kommersant

As a result of the special operation carried out by the authorities to destroy Russian statehood, the Constitution, with amendments of 2020 and “resetting” the presidential terms personally for Vladimir Putin, was removed from the legal framework. The process of destruction of law throughout the country has been launched.

Deprivation of the society in rights took place, the ability to speak up and have one’s own voice was even more compromised. The regime has demonstrated that it does not need either a dialogue with society or a social contract. The only thing they want to convince people of is that they will live only as ordered from the top – and will be no other way round.


The official results of the illegal, uncontrolled, mockingly buffoonish “popular vote”, certainly, do not reflect the real attitude of Russian citizens to the current government, its policies and actions. The current government is the dictatorship of an absolute minority, regarding the people as a source of resources that is subject to exploitation along with natural resources.


Tools of suppression for any form of expression of opinion have already been prepared for those who dissent. Obviously, elections will be adjusted later on to the standard that has been tested on June 25 — July 1, 2020.


Any protest social and political activity: participation in elections, organisation of rallies, demonstrations and pickets, various activism – will now be extremely difficult or even impossible. Elections will be deprived of their meaning by the transition from mass-scale local falsifications to total fraud according to the “popular vote” model. The protest will be outlawed, driven to isolated sites, suppressed by force, its participants will be subjected to reprisals.


Thus, the state is fully returning to the Bolshevik model of power based on lies and violence.


We should admit: the era of post-Soviet modernisation has ended. Significant events at the end of this era were the annexation of Crimea, the war in Donbass and Syria, and the murder of Boris Nemtsov near the Kremlin walls. The final chord was the scrapping of the Constitution, the “nullification” of Putin’s presidential terms, and the unlawful plebiscite. Democracy in Russia was defeated.


What became the reasons for this deserves a separate and very important conversation. Without understanding the causes of the defeat, it is impossible to move forward. However, it is clear that in the political sense it is necessary to start all over again. The formation of constitutional statehood in Russia is the main task of our society, and the goal is to build, instead of the Putin system, a modern democratic state based on the rule-of-law, freedom, creativity and respect for people, a state that is accountable and controlled by the Russian people and governed by law and justice. Although the Putin system as a whole is ineffective, and the potential social base for dissent will be expanding, it will be an incredibly difficult job.


The successful future of Russia involves not only overcoming the Putin system, which is based on the merger of power and property, but also restoring ties with historical Russia, which natural movement towards democratic legitimacy was interrupted by the criminal coup d’etat in 1917 and disbanding of the Constituent Assembly.


The very first steps have been taken. The Public Constitutional Council, created on the initiative of the Yabloko party, contrasted Putin’s altering of the Constitution with completely different changes to the Constitution, corresponding to the tasks that our country faces in the 21st century. We initially viewed this work not as a one-time project, limited by the deadlines set in the Kremlin, but as the beginning of a big and very difficult way towards creating a modern state in Russia, which is a natural extension of civil society.


The proposals of Yabloko and the Public Constitutional Council are the starting point on the path to the future. An independent opinion poll conducted in June 2020 shows that Russia already has a request for a democratic alternative to corrupt authoritarianism. It is critically important that people see this alternative. In an authoritarian police state, this will not be easy.




The main difficulty is to find new forms of modern political activity in Russia, which are effective in the conditions of development of information and digital technologies, – an independent, influential and at the same time peaceful activity. Only a powerful, but non-violent political movement with a solid core of values ​​and a detailed realistic programme for the arrangement of Russia can save for our country the opportunity to develop and find a place in world of the 21st century that would be worthy of our history and culture, worthy of our people.




Grigory Yavlinsky

is Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO, Vice President of Liberal International, PhD in Economics, Professor of the National Research University Higher School of Economics.