Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

A working day in the Irkutsk region, or how to get to the shore of Baikal and not be able to see Baikal

Nikolai Rybakov’s Facebook page, 8.08.2021


Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

In the morning Anna Shlomina, our candidate for the State Duma elections, the founder of the public organisation for the protection of animals “ZooZabota”, showed me the Centre for sterilisation of pets, which works in the city at discounted prices. The main problem is the lack of drugs that are required to perform operations and treat animals. Sometimes they can only be obtained in Moscow and then sent to Irkutsk. Not only people but also animals suffer from sanctions and bans on the imports of foreign medicines. I wanted to write “four-legged”, but deleted it. Because after the clinic, Anna and I went to a shelter for homeless animals.

Maybe you have read in previous publications about the animals shelter in Novosibirsk. Some of the animals there are disabled. In the Irkutsk shelter, all animals are disabled. If you see a dog on four legs, consider yourself a lucky one. Dogs and cats, injured in the street, hit by cars – get into this house. It is absolutely clear that if it were not for the shelter, these animals would have died long ago. To be honest, animal rights activists have a hard time – the state does not provide assistance in this work. Although this is exactly the direction in which the state can fully rely on volunteer organisations, transfer funding to them and leave to itself only control. In the shelter I remembered a German shepard Kai, he is just in the photo – how he wants to be stroked, so that someone would shale his paw, he is not wicked at all, just stern at first glance.


After visiting the animals shelter, I gave an interview to Ust-Kut24 Novosti media, discussed the Yabloko party’s programme, the problem of Usoliekhimprom [chemical enterprise] and environmental problems of the region. Then, together with Grigory Gribenko and the team, we went to the cities of the Irkutsk region.



Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

This is the hometown of our Grigory. The city is only 59 years old. It was named in honour of Grigory Shelekhov, the navigator who was the first to make the trade route from Irkutsk to Alaska. The population is 45,000 people, most of whom work at the Irkutsk Aluminum Plant, the Cable Plant and the only one in Russia – the Silicon Plant. The city was built by the Soviet young people of the 1960s. Shelekhov is included in the list of cities with critical air pollution. People leave the city for other regions of the country. Unfortunately, this tendency is characteristic of the Irkutsk region as a whole. In the city, we talked with voters, our volunteers handed out the party’s programme, talked with journalists from the city media.


At the local market, we met Klavdia Yevgenievna Kruglova. She is 90 years old and still grows and sells berries on the market. Klavdia Yevgenievna watches [television] political talk shows, supports and even before our arrival decided to vote for Yabloko and convince her large family of this. We wished her good health, and she promised to come to the elections on 19 September and vote for us.



Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

On the way from Shelekhov to Slyudyanka we stopped for lunch at a roadside cafe with Buryat cuisine. Its owner Lyudmila (if politely translated) spoke about the difficulties of small business, especially during the pandemic. Then she fed us a delicious lunch and, as a sign of friendship, she went out to see us off wearing a national dress. In Slyudyanka, together with Pavel Kharitonenko, a civic activist, founder of the New Russia – Free Country social movement, who is running for the State Duma from the district that this city belongs to, we met with local residents who came to meet with us.


Slyudyanka was founded in 1899 and stands on the shore of Lake Baikal. The city is famous for the production of cembra nuts, and there are also stone processing enterprises. However, the biggest pride, which the residents who came to the meeting immediately told me about, is that the only railway station in the world completely faced with Baikal white and pink marble is located in Slyudyanka. That is, in St. Petersburg there is the Marble Palace, and in Slyudyanka there is the Marble Station. They are linked by the [royal] Romanov family.


The station was opened in 1904, opposite the station there is the Church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker, Innocentius and the Martyr Tatiana. According to local legend, the history of the first church in Slyudyanka is as follows. Returning from a trip around the world from Japan, Grand Duke Nikolai Alexandrovich, the future Emperor of Russia Nicholas II, visited Slyudyanka on his way to Irkutsk.


The heir admired the views from the station to Lake Baikal and its surroundings. But he could not cross himself into a church and wished that the station had a church for future enthusiastic travelers.


They say that he suggested that an alley lined with trees lead from the gates of the future station to the doors of the future temple, so that everyone who came could enter the temple and thank God for the safe ending of the journey. First, a building was erected, which had to be dismantled due to the fact that it was too small. In 1914 a wooden church was finally built and it still exists today. Services in the church did not take place from 1929 to 1947, in 1947 it was returned to the Church. After that, the temple was no longer closed. In 1995 a temple with such a history was recognised a historical and cultural monument of federal significance. But in 2008, the church was ruined by an earthquake and a new building has now been erected.


In 1992 a cross was erected in the territory of the church with the inscription running “The humiliated let them rise” in memory of the inhabitants of Slyudyanka who fell victims of political reprisals.


Locals are also engaged in fishing, including the famous Baikal omul. Its production is now limited, but there is a huge black market for its sale. Often other types of fish are sold to tourists under the guise of omul.


By the way, after the launch of the Baikal Pulp and Paper Plant omul has changed a lot. For 15-20 years after the launch of the Baikal Pulp and Paper Plant, the omul became 2-3 times smaller in size, and if earlier it went for spawning weighing 1-0.5 kg, then by the end of the 1980s it was 200-250 grams.


Scientists say that the conditions for its spawning in natural spawning grounds have sharply worsened, thereby reducing the survival rate of fish. By the 1980s, changes in the reservoir had reached the scale that covered almost the entire Baikal.



Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

The road to Baikalsk goes straight along Baikal, but we never saw the lake. Because of the smoke from the burning taiga, the distance looks like milk – everything is absolutely white, neither the lake nor the sky is discernible. Smoke from the fires of Yakutia reached Lake Baikal yesterday and it was felt even in Shelekhov.


Baikalsk is a single-company town. The city-forming enterprise, the Baikalsk Pulp and Paper Mill, was initially closed in 2007, then production was restored, but closed again in 2013. As is the case with single-industry towns, Baikalsk has become a city with an extremely difficult socio-economic situation.


In 2016, Yabloko presented a programme of actions that need to be undertake to bring Russian single industry towns out of the deep crisis.


In Baikalsk, we were met by local residents who told about their problems, how people survive on a beggarly pension.


I would like to devote a separate publication to the situation with Lake Baikal. Tomorrow we are working in Buryatia.