Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

“A strong state cannot be built on lawlessness and humiliation of human dignity”

Participants of the 8th Unified Caucasus Forum adopted a resolution

Press Release, 12.11.2019

On November 9-10, the United Caucasian Forum was held in Nalchik, capital of Kabardino-Balkaria. The Forum aims to unite the leading human rights organisations of the North Caucasus and propel civic initiative to solve socially significant problems. One of the organisers of the event was Anatoly Sidakov (North Ossetia), member of Yabloko Bureau and Editor-in-Chief of the newspaper Mir Kavkazu. The forum was attended by leaders of the regional branches of Yabloko – Ruslan Mutsolgov (Ingushetia), Khakim Kuchmezov (Kabardino-Balkaria) and Edilbek Khasmagomadov (Chechnya). Nikolai Rybakov, Deputy Chairman of the Yabloko party, and Valery Borschyov, human rights defender and member of the Party’s Federal Political Committee, made reports and commentaries.

In his speech, politician Nikolai Rybakov noted that the Caucasus region faces many problems in the field of human rights protection: the case of Oyub Titiev, head of the Memorial branch in Chechnya, reprisals against participants in a rally in Magas (Ingushetia), and numerous persecutions of the dissenting. “Many of our party members and like-minded people gave their lives fighting for the observance of human rights, freedom of speech and implementation of the Constitution in the Caucasus. They are Natalya Estemirova, party members Farid Babayev and Timur Kuashev. Their portraits are hanging in the Moscow office of the party and, unfortunately, this sad gallery has been replenished,” Rybakov said. In addition, he added that now there is a request for a fundamentally different policy in Russian society. Nikolai Rybakov expressed confidence that a new policy based on respect for people, the ability to conduct peaceful discussions and listen to people of different views can arise precisely in the Caucasus, since this is a region with vast experience in overcoming conflicts.

Photo: Khakim Kuchmezov, Valery Borschyov and Nikolai Rybakov


“A strong state cannot be built on lawlessness and humiliation of human dignity. This is well-known in the Caucasus,” Rybakov said.


Ruslan Mutsolgov, head of the Ingush branch of Yabloko, spoke about the need to respect the rights in the Republic of Ingushetia regarding leaders, activists, and participants of the protests in Magas. “Peace in the Caucasus is possible only with a strong civil society. Only an increase in self-awareness can force people to act actively, seeking to respect their rights,” Mutsolgov noted.

Photo: Ruslan Mutsolgov


Khakim Kuchmezov spoke about the fact that there were no ethnic contradictions among the peoples, they existed only among the ruling elites.

Photo: Khakim Kuchmezov and Valery Borschyov


Following the results of the Unified Caucasus Forum, a resolution was adopted. The resolution reflected the most acute problems in the field of human rights in the North Caucasus as follows:


  1. The Forum participants expressed their concern about the growth of nationalist manifestations in social networks and condemned attempts to use national feelings to achieve political goals. The only possible alternative to nationalism is civil consolidation, the participants stressed.
  2. According to the participants of the Forum, the adoption in 2018 of amendments to the Federal Law “On Education”, which made the study of native languages ​​by representatives of indigenous peoples in national autonomous entities not obligatory, dealt a blow to interethnic relations in Russia.
  3. The Forum also noted that the federal authorities continue the practice of adopting ill-conceived normative legal acts that contribute to the destabilisation of interethnic relations (e.g., speeding up the issue of determining the administrative boundaries between the national republics in the North Caucasus, the unresolved Ossetian-Ingush conflict around the Prigorodny district).
  4. The Forum participants called on the authorities and civil society not to weaken efforts to resolve existing ethnic conflicts. The first step to this should be finding out the fates of all persons missing during ethnic conflicts.
  5. The participants of the 8th Forum noted the continuing need for effective protection of civil rights and freedoms of the population of the North Caucasus.
  6. The Forum participants consider it necessary to restore the institution of direct elections of heads of constituent entities of the Russian Federation and heads of municipalities of all levels in the North Caucasus, as well as members of the Federation Council, as this ensures the exercise of citizens’ electoral rights. In addition, it is necessary to increase the transparency of elections and abolish the “municipal filter” in registration of candidates.
  7. The Forum participants demand an objective and open investigation of information about the systematic use of torture, abduction and other crimes against the person by representatives of state and law enforcement agencies.
  8. They demand to stop persecution of representatives of the human rights movement on trumped-up charges and formal occasions, as well as cease open pressure on human rights organisations, such as Memorial.
  9. The Forum participants condemn unjustified harsh prosecution of participants in mass rallies in Ingushetia held in spring 2019 and believe that the true purpose of these actions is to suppress civil activists who are not controlled by the authorities.
  10. The Forum participants urge federal and regional authorities to do everything possible to return to their homeland women and children who are Russian citizens and who are victims of military operations in Iraq and Syria. Since this problem concerns not only the North Caucasus region, the indifference of the authorities to their fate may become another factor that undermines socio-political stability in the Russian Federation, the resolution runs.
  11. The Forum participants believe that the law on introduction of a simplified procedure for granting Russian citizenship to compatriots abroad should apply to all foreign Caucasian diasporas.


The Forum was attended by representatives of ten federation subjects of the North Caucasus District. Politicians, journalists, human rights activists, and civic activists were among them. The forum is held annually in order to draw public attention to violations and problems in the field of protection of human rights.