Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

A budget of peace versus a budget of war

Decision of the Federal Council No 52, 20.12.2018

The YABLOKO party considers the federal budget for 2019 and 2020-2021 to be a desperate attempt by the authorities to preserve the current state of affairs. The bloated public sector of the economy, total inefficiency and corruption are the basis of the present system and do not allow the country to develop. The archaic structure of the economy, its complete dependence on natural resources and the foreign policy that has made Russia a target for sanctions are leading our country to further stagnation.

In the face of external pressure resulting from the aggressive policy of the Russian leadership, the key focus of the financial policy was accumulation of funds without a coherent and transparent strategy for their further spending. The size of the National Welfare Fund until the year 2021 will increase three times and will amount to almost 15 trillion roubles (80 per cent of the budget for 2019), while the social areas of the federal budget remain underfunded.

The policies of the leadership of Russia lead to total militarisation of the society and, consequently, huge expenses for the military and law enforcement power block, which is unjustified by external threats or internal needs of the country, and which in 2019 will amount to 29 per cent: 2.91 trillion roubles for defense and 2.25 trillion roubles on the law enforcement and the intelligence services. The militarist agenda of the authorities deprives the health care and education – the most important areas of human capital development and the country’s economy – of the required funds, only 8.2 per cent (1.48 trillion roubles) of federal budget funds are allocated [on these needs].

The state continues to neglect the important role of culture in the development of the country, allocating insignificant funds – less than 1 per cent of the budget (127 billion roubles) – to this area. At a time when transition to a digital economy is becoming one of the key tasks in the developed countries, the [Russian] government allocates [only] 680 billion roubles to the state programme of the development of science and technology, which not only does not meet the goals, but in fact leads Russia to an increasing backlog and technological dependence from western countries.

The adopted budget does not meet the social objectives, the main of which is the fight against poverty. The increase in VAT and retirement age exacerbates the plight of citizens, leading to a further decline in real incomes of the population, which fell by 11 per cent from 2014 to 2017. 22 million citizens live below the poverty line, but the state prefers to spend money on armaments (4.5 trillion roubles in 2019 – 2021) and material incentives for officials, the costs of which will increase threefold over three years amounting to 631.5 billion roubles.

The budget in its present form does not contain sources of development. Instead of investing into the social sphere and human capital, innovation and encouragement of private entrepreneurship, it contains non-transparent mega-projects, gigantic construction projects requiring huge financing. Experience shows that the feasibility of such projects is extremely questionable, budgets are being infinitely inflated, but they do not give yield any economic effect.

Budget transparency remains low – 3.1 trillion roubles (17 per cent) are classified as secret, which means that society does not have an ability to effectively control the spending, which creates fertile ground for abuse, corruption and quasi-state projects.

There are no growth prospects for the Russian economy at the present model of development and confrontation with Europe and the USA. The Russian economy has become hostage to the policies of the authorities; therefore, the situation can be improved only by changing the country’s political course. It is necessary to stop Russia’s participation in military operations in Syria and in the Donbas, a senseless and economically unprofitable confrontation with the West, a source of credits and technologies for Russian business.

Reduction of bloated and non-transparent spending on security forces and weapons, relying on private initiative, talent and enterprise society is the problem of [Russia’s] survival. It is necessary to abandon, once and for all, shifting of all financial obligations of the state onto people, give them an opportunity to feel protected, free, provide them a chance to realise themselves. We insist on changing the priorities of budget spending: at least 8 per cent of the budget should be spent on healthcare, at least 6 per cent on education, at least 6 per cent on science, at least 2 per cent on culture, and at least 2 per cent on environmental protection.

Emilia Slabunova,

Yabloko Chair