Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Soviet dissidents about modern Russia: “The present period is completely different, much more terrible”

Press Release, 13.05.2024

Photo from left to right: Nikolai Ivlyushkin, Alexander Daniel, Svetlana Gannushkina, Valery Borshchyov, Vyacheslav Bakhmin, Vyacheslav Igrunov, Alexei Smirnov, and Alexander Podrabinek / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

On 12 May, a round table with the participation of Soviet dissidents was held at the Yabloko central office in Moscow. The participants talked about the history of the dissident movement, its political and moral aspects, as well as the protection of human rights in modern Russia. Valery Borshchyov, Co-Chairman of the Moscow Helsinki Group and a member of the Federal Political Committee of the Yabloko party, Svetlana Gannushkina, Chair of the Civil Assistance Committee and a member of the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko, Alexander Daniel, human rights defender and writer, Vyacheslav Igrunov, MP of three convocations of the State Duma from Yabloko, Vyacheslav Bakhmin, Co-Chairman of the Moscow Helsinki Group, Alexander Podrabinek, human rights defender and journalist, Soviet political prisoners Alexei Smirnov and Nikolai Ivlyushkin participated in the discussion. Tatyana Kasatkina, the wife of imprisoned Chair of the Board of the Memorial human rights centre Oleg Orlov, as well as other participants and witnesses of the Soviet dissident movement were among the guests of the event.

The word “dissident” was alien to the dissident circle: dissidents never called themselves such, Alexander Daniel said, and other speakers agreed with him. It was an external label. And it is not entirely correct to call a community of active dissenters with the Soviet regime a “movement”. “If this was a movement, it was a Brownian one,” Daniel quoted his mother, human rights defender and publicist Larisa Bogoraz.


The dissident movement was never political. This was a moral and ethical activity, Nikolai Ivlyushkin emphasised. This idea was supported by other speakers, noting that this social phenomenon was individualistic: dissidents were interested in individual manifestations of human rights violations. Nevertheless, the round table participants agreed on the main thing in common, answering the question about what did not suit them in the Soviet state.


“The lies didn’t suit me. The lies that we heard everywhere,” Svetlana Gannushkina said. “As a citizen of this country, I perceived what the authorities did as my responsibility and pain.”


Vyacheslav Bakhmin shared that for him, as a physicist, the discrepancy between what was happening in reality and what the authorities were demonstrating was striking.


“An unwillingness to be a hypocrite and lie with everyone else,” was Bakhmin’s motive for participating in the dissident movement.


Alexei Smirnov was dissatisfied with Soviet policies about “approximately the same as we have now: political prisoners, war, domestic and foreign policies”.


Alexander Daniel, answering the question of what prompted him to be in the dissident movement, noted that his “friends in large numbers were imprisoned in camps for words, for texts… under Article 70 and 190.” (Note: Article 70 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR “Anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda”, Article 190 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR “Dissemination of deliberately false fabrications discrediting the Soviet state and social system”).


Photo by the Yabloko Press Service


The question of the participation of Soviet dissidents in political activities caused heated debate. The speakers and guests of the round table used to have and still have different ideas about whether a dissident should engage in politics. Meanwhile, Valery Borshchyov noted that five dissidents, including the late Sergei Kovalyov, are members of Yabloko.


Alexander Podrabinek expressed his regret that dissidents in Russia had not become a political force when there had been such an opportunity. The publicist and human rights defender concluded that as long as human rights were on the periphery, our country would continue falling into the same trap.


There were many young people – students and political activists – among the round table audience. However, when the participants discussed the continuity of the dissident movement, Alexander Daniel admitted that he did not know what experience to pass on to the current generation. He noted that the current persecution for graffiti and posts was worse than what Soviet dissidents had faced.


“The present period is completely different, much more terrible,” Daniel summarised.