Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Russia celebrates Local Government Day. Commentaries from Yabloko leaders

Press Release, 22.04.2024

Photo: Constitution of the Russian Federation with the recent changes / Photo by Pavel Lisitsyn, RIA Novosti

On 21 April, Russia celebrates Local Government Day. The memorial date was established by President Vladimir Putin in 2012. On this day (2 May, as of the new style) in 1785, Catherine II of Russia issued a “Charter on the Rights and Benefits of the Cities of the Russian Empire”. The document established new elected city institutions, expanding the circle of voters and consolidating the foundations of self-government. In accordance with the Charter, a meeting of the “city community” was convened in cities every three years, which included only the wealthiest citizens. The permanent city body was the “General City Duma,” consisting of the city mayor and six councilors.

The Deputy Chairpersons of the Yabloko party write about the level of development of local self-government and its prospects in our country and individual regions.

Boris Vishnevsky, deputy of the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg:

Local government is, by definition, the government closest to citizens. Unfortunately, for many years, local self-government in Russia has been “reformed” in such a way that, contrary to the Constitution, it is actually subordinated to the state administrative “vertical”; direct elections of mayors are abolished; municipalities of the lower level are eliminated, depriving citizens of the opportunity to choose their representatives; and the financial base of the local goverment is narrowed.


The restoration of a real local self-government in the country is absolutely necessary – so that it could get real powers to solve citizens’ problems, and financial resources that allow it not to depend on the will of public authorities and not to be politically dependent on them.


Vladimir Dorokhov, Yabloko representative in the Central Electoral Commission, the Tula region:

Unfortunately, local self-government in Russia suffered the same fate as other democratic institutions. The authoritarian nature of the state does not envisage strong self-government at any level and tries to integrate it into its vertical of power in every possible way. That is what we got. Although the bill on the elimination of local self-government at the settlement level is stuck in the State Duma at the second reading stage, but information is already coming that it will be adopted this Fall.


One of the main goals of the Yabloko’s policies is the creation of truly strong local self-government. A stable financial base and competitive policies at the municipal level are the key to creating a comfortable environment for local living.


Now we have all witnessed the tragedy [of flood] in Orsk, when thousands of people were injured due to a dam break. Funny stories that the dam was gnawed by rodents do not stand up to criticism. However, if there had been political competition at the city level, if, as elsewhere in Russia, the control bodies of local self-government had not been subordinate to the head of the city, I am sure that stealing of money during the construction of the dam would have been detected in advance and stopped, and this, in turn, would have saved the city from flooding.


The example of Orsk demonstrates that talk about strong local government is not just beautiful abstract reasoning, but primarily issues of well-being and safety of residents and their property.


Maxim Kruglov, deputy of the Moscow City Duma:

Unfortunately, local self-government has been virtually destroyed in Moscow, and throughout the country. The executive branch reduces the tasks of local self-government exclusively to symbolic and insignificant functions. Municipal deputies are vested with reduced powers and cannot seriously influence the situation in Russia’s capital.


Because of this, the executive branch does not hear Muscovites: public hearings have been cancelled; on-line government services have limited application and create only an imitation of taking into account the opinions of citizens. Moscow needs real mechanisms for residents to influence decision-making and participatory practices.


It is the institution of local government that provides an opportunity to set up feedback from officials with Moscow residents, the potential for creating local communities, and developing interesting initiatives and projects.


It is the institution of true local government that in the future will become the driver of positive and humane changes for our city and the whole country.


Anna Cherepanova, deputy of the Novgorod City Duma:

All reforms in recent years have been aimed at destroying local government:


  1. Liquidation of rural and urban settlements. Abandoning the settlement level leads not only to the maximum gap between local authorities and citizens, but also to an accelerated process of extinction of rural areas, an outflow of socially active people, and the formation of power vacuum zones. The lack of authority and resources for its implementation at the settlement level will lead to the situation when the problems of local communities will not be resolved at all.


  1. Deprivation of local government of powers and financial resources. The vast majority of municipalities, due to the excessive centralisation of tax revenues at the federal and regional levels, turn into artificially subsidised. However, instead of filling local budgets with sufficient financial resources, the authorities “redistribute powers” in favour of the state, and resources also “flow” away after this.


  1. The abolition of the election of heads of cities and districts and the transfer to their “appointment” by governors through a competitive selection procedure. In fact, this means that the leadership of municipalities is subordinated to governors.


Even now, in these difficult conditions, municipal deputies from the Yabloko party remain in Russia, help citizens, offer systemic solutions to local problems, and set an example of real deputy activity with their work. The more there are deputies who are independent from the current government and responsible to voters in local councils and dumas, the greater the hopes and chances for the revival of independent local government in Russia will be.


Read the full text of Anna Cherepanova’s commentary in her Telegram channel.


Lev Shlosberg, Deputy Chairman of the Yabloko party, the Pskov region:

The second wave of the municipal plague – the so-called reform – in the Pskov region, the essence of which is the elimination of elected local government at the level of urban and rural settlements and the abandonment of direct elections of heads of municipal districts, which after the “transformation” are proudly called districts. The reform is organised from the top – by officials specially trained to eliminate self-government. But the formal initiative is taken by the heads of rural settlements – they supposedly it has become unbearable for them to work independently, under their own responsibility. And so they decided to self-destruct.


Essentially, the “municipal reform” represents a total simplification of the regional governance system, when, apart from the governor, there are no directly elected heads of executive power. The management structure becomes similar to a barracks headed by a sergeant major, and the main instrument of management becomes the order of a superior to a subordinate. It would be more accurate to say – to the underlying ones. Obviously, such a system meets [the Governor of the Pskov region] Mikhail Vedernikov’s ideas about high-quality and effective management of the territory in his hands.


The consequences of the “reform” will be so destructive that when the time comes to restore what was liquidated, it will be impossible to restore a lot of things for a long time, if not forever. Self-government can be created only where there are people. The reform contributes to the depopulation of rural areas no less than the liquidation of rural hospitals and schools.


In 2023, eight out of 24 municipal districts were “disposed of” in the Pskov region. This year they intend to assign the same fate to another six municipal districts.


Read the full text of Lev Shlosberg’s commentary is in his Telegram channel.