Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Lev Shlosberg: Freedom for Oleg Orlov and for all other political prisoners

Lev Shlosberg’s Facebook page, 4.04.2024



Photo: Oleg Orlov / Photo from social media

Oleg Petrovich Orlov is 71. He encounters the first day of his life in captivity, where he’s found himself on the decision of a ‘court’ implementing a shameful political order.

Oleg Orlov was born into a family of Moscow intellectuals, on whom the 20th CPSU Congress and the denunciation of the cult of Stalin had a strong influence. Upon graduating from the Faculty of Biology at Moscow State University, he worked at the Institute of Plant Physiology of the USSR Academy of Sciences. In 1979, after the start of the war in Afghanistan, Orlov constructed a hectograph, and for two years stuck up leaflets concerning the war, the situation in Poland, and the activity of the Solidarity movement.

In 1988, Orlov became a member of the Memorial initiative group, on the basis of which the All-Union Historical-Educational Memorial Society and later the International Historical-Educational Human Rights Memorial Society were created. In 1990, he became chair of the board of the Memorial Human Rights Centre.

Also in 1990, Orlov acted as a representative for Sergei Kovalev in the elections to the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR. After Kovalev’s election, Orlov worked at the Supreme Soviet on laws relating to the humanization of the penitentiary system and the rehabilitation of victims of political repression.

From 1991 to 1994 Orlov worked as an observer during armed conflicts in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, Moldova, and the Ingush-Ossetian conflict zone. Starting in 1994, together with Sergei Kovalev, Chair of the Presidential Committee on Human Rights, he worked in the military conflict zone in Chechnya, participating in negotiations on prisoner exchanges and inspecting hospitals and camps for prisoners of war.

In June 1995, Orlov, as part of a group led by Kovalev, participated in negotiations with terrorists in Budennovsk. Members of Kovalev’s group (including Orlov) became voluntary hostages as a guarantee of agreements reached in exchange for the release of the majority of the hostages.

In 2004, Orlov became a member of the Presidential Council for Human Rights. In 2006, he left the Council in protest over Vladimir Putin’s comments on the murder of Anna Politkovskaya, in which he stated that ‘this murder causes more damage and detriment to the ruling authorities than her (Politkovskaya’s) publications.’

On the night of November 24th, 2007, Oleg Orlov and journalists from the REN TV company were kidnapped from a Nazran hotel by armed men. They put bags over the heads of those they seized and took them to a field, where they dragged them from the car, knocked them to the ground, and began to beat them. One of the journalists later said: ‘They beat us silently.  After this one of them said that now they would shoot us. But then added: “A shame we didn’t bring the silencers,” and they left.’ The criminal investigation was suspended in 2011.

On February 27th, 2024, a court sentenced Orlov on a second attempt to two and a half years of imprisonment on a charge of repeated ‘discrediting of the armed forces’ – for the text of an article he had written. On March 12th, Orlov filed an appeal, in connection with which he is forcibly taken to the courtroom daily in gruelling conditions and is being rushed to familiarize himself with the case materials. He is deprived of hot food, access to medicine, and the medical care he needs due to existing health conditions. The workers of the Vodnik pre-trial detention centre suggested that 70-year-old Orlov sign a consent to be sent to the warzone in Ukraine. He refused.

What is being done to Orlov is demonstrative torture and retribution. His services to Russian society and his absolute personal courage made him a target of special significance for the authorities. The conditions of his incarceration threaten his life, and the authorities cannot fail to understand this.

Two and a half years – this is a very long time for a person of such an age. Having been born a month after the death of Stalin, never once having deviated from his beliefs, Orlov may die in prison under Putin. God forbid.

Freedom for Oleg Orlov and for all other political prisoners.






is a member of the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko and Chair of the Pskov regional branch of the party. Headed the Yabloko faction in the Pskov Regional Assembly of Deputies