Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

The totality of violations does not allow me to be confident in the reliability of the results of the presidential elections in St. Petersburg

Member of the City Electoral Commission from Yabloko Pavel Shapchits added a special opinion to the electoral commission protocol

Press Release, 19.03.2024

Photo from the official website of the St. Petersburg Electoral Commission

Pavel Shapchits, a member of the St. Petersburg Electoral Commission from Yabloko with a decisive vote, attached a special opinion to the protocol on the results of voting in the presidential elections in St. Petersburg. The city electoral commission summed up the election results on the evening of 18 March.

Pavel Shapchits emphasised that he could not agree with the commission’s decision to approve the results of the presidential election due to a range of recorded violations and the lack of transparency of the voting, which took place on 15-17 March.


In particular, the 2024 election campaign was marked by minimising independent public participation and monitoring of the voting process. Thus, 409 candidates for members of precinct electoral commissions, submitted by the St. Petersburg branch of Yabloko, were not appointed to the new precinct electoral commissions when they were formed. The Central District of St.Peterburg, where Yabloko traditionally shows good results in elections, was completely deprived of party representatives in precinct electoral commissions, thus, commissions in this district consisted mainly of public sector employees and functioned on the basis of unity of command.


“As part of this campaign, the absence of representatives of the St. Petersburg branch of Yabloko in electoral commissions in entire territories does not allow me to have reliable information about the voting process and to be confident in the correctness of the vote count in these territories,” Pavel Shapchits, a member of the City Electoral Commission, points out in his dissenting opinion.


He also notes that due to the information campaign to discredit independent observation at elections, based on distorted quotes and false speculation, candidates were reluctant in appointing independent observers or even withdrew previous nominations of independent observers, as a result, observation of the voting process, with a few exceptions, turned into imitation.


Pavel Shapchits also notes that the City Electoral Commission’s incorrect interpretation of the norms of federal legislation led to the fact that precinct electoral commissions massively refused to allow members of electoral commissions to take photographs and videos of the voting process, including the process of moving ballots into security bags and sealing them. This absurd ban in a number of polling stations even applied to voters.


Moreover, there were recorded multiple cases of the use of violence when members of commissions and journalists exercised their powers. On 17 March, immediately after 20:00, two journalists who had accreditation from the Central Electoral Commission were violently kicked out of polling station No. 2219.  On the night of 18 March, commission member Olesya Vasilchenko was beaten right in the voting room at polling station No. 427. She was beaten and dragged across the floor until she found herself in the street without any coat in cold. Later the security guard brought her her coat. According to available data, the attackers were representatives of the Territorial Electoral Commission No. 38.


In addition, Pavel Shapchits points out that in 2024 in St. Petersburg the number of polling stations with video surveillance decreased from 1785 to 1452. At the same time, in some territories, due to changes in the boundaries of polling stations, the number of polling stations with voting military personnel significantly increased, and the territories with more opposition-minded voters of TEC No. 30 were less than half covered by video surveillance.


In addition, Pavel Shapchits came to the conclusion that participation in the vote on 15-16 March was involuntary for a significant part of voters.


“They were trying to convince us that the Mobile Voter mechanism was used exclusively for the convenience of citizens. However, it was reported that the management of public sector organisations strongly recommended to their employees to vote at their location and at specific polling stations. Polling stations with record high number of “voters” had huge queues of public sector workers who had to vote on 15 March before 12:00. The media recorded long queues of people standing in the rain. I just can’t explain the long standing in line in the rain during working hours by reasons of convenience,” the dissenting opinion runs.


Moreover, public sector workers’ participation in voting was controlled externally. There were QR  codes with the signature “Check in” posted at polling stations in the Central District, and public sector workers had to confirm the time and place of their voting with the help of those QR codes.


“I can explain the desire of the management of institutions to send the maximum number of public sector workers to vote at their location on 15 March only by trying to make so that the ballots placed in voting boxes on 15 March would spend two nights in the security bags or stationary boxes,” Pavel Shapchits notes.


In addition, there were cases of incorrect packaging of ballots in security bags with subsequent repacking into different bags in the absence of any observers. A number of commissions (e.g., Territorial Electoral Commission No. 12) used stationary boxes instead of security bags everywhere, although this option is provided only for extraordinary cases of extremely high turnout and a small volume of safes with security bags.


Pavel Shapchits records a return to the practices when precinct electoral commissions submit to higher level commissions data differing from those established during the count of the votes and entered into the enlarged form of the protocol of the precinct electoral commission. There were also cases of changing the data right at the polling station. For example, the entire process of counting votes was filmed at Precinct Electoral Commission No. 1459, the correct data was entered into an enlarged form of the protocol, but this did not stop the commission members from drawing up a protocol with significantly changed data.


It should be noted that the St. Petersburg Electoral Commission approved the results of the Russian presidential elections in St.Petersburg on Monday, 18 March. According to the City Electoral Commission, Vladimir Putin came first in the Russian presidential elections in St. Petersburg (81.65% or 2,324,715 votes). The candidate from the New People party, Vladislav Davankov, came second. According to the electoral commission, 198,000 people (6.99%) cast their votes for him. LDPR leader Leonid Slutsky came third with 146,000 votes (5.15%). The fourth result of 99,240 votes (3.49%), belongs to the communist Nikolai Kharitonov. The final turnout in the Russian presidential elections in St. Petersburg was 74.38%, i.e., 2,692,652 voters.