Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

On the threat of the recurrence of mass-scale political terror

Decision by the Yabloko Federal Political Committee of 24 November, 2023, published on 5 December, 2023

Photo: Yabloko Congress, 2019 / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

After 24 February, 2022, repressions in Russia against those who disagree with the government’s policies sharply intensified.

According to the project “Support for Political Prisoners. Memorial”, there were 426 political prisoners in Russia (343 in connection with the exercise of the right to freedom of religion, and 83 people unrelated to it) at the beginning of 2022, and 615 people (416 and 188 persons, respectively) as of November 22, 2023. According to OVD-Info and Mediazona, since February 24, 2022, at least 19,840 citizens have been detained for expressing an anti-war position; at least 8,122 people have been brought to administrative responsibility under Article 20.3.3 of the Administrative Code (“Discrediting the use of the RF Armed Forces”), and at least 774 people were subjected to criminal prosecution in connection with their anti-war position.

The basis for political repression were the laws on punishment for “fakes” and “discrediting”, making it criminal to publicly express an opinion, that does not coincide with the official one, about what is happening during a special military operation.


The practices of considering cases under the relevant articles in courts demonstrates that almost always, with rare exceptions, decisions are made on criminal or administrative punishment, with the virtual release of the prosecution from the need to actually prove guilt (for example, discrepancy between the opinion of the accused and the official position of the Ministry of Defence is considered as the “evidence of guilt” in the cases of “fake news”), relying on dubious “expertise” and discarding any arguments from the defence side.


With the same deliberately accusatory bias, courts are conducting cases on “extremism”, “creation of an extremist community”, “undesirable organisations”, “high treason”, “justification of terrorism” and other articles of the Criminal Code used for political persecution of opponents of the government.


In the overwhelming majority of cases, those accused of criminal charges are kept in pre-trial detention centres for many months before trial, despite the absence of a public danger and ignoring the health status of the accused.


The result was the emergence of many new political prisoners.


Among those imprisoned for their anti-war stance are our friends and colleagues, members of the Yabloko party. Journalist from Abakan Mikhail Afanasyev was sentenced to 5.5 years in prison. St. Petersburg resident Vasily Neustroyev has been in a pre-trial detention centre since June of this year and faces up to 15 years in prison. The leaders of the Yakut and Kamchatka branches of the party, Anatoly Nogovitsyn and Vladimir Yefimov, were found guilty of “discrediting the army” and sentenced to a fine of 200,000 roubles each. The case of the leader of the Vologda branch of Yabloko Nikolai Yegorov, also accused of “discrediting”, has been sent to court recently, he is under recognizance not to leave the town. Our friend and colleague Vladimir Kara-Murza was sentenced to 25 years in a maximum security penal colony.


The list of political prisoners that continues to grow includes Alexei Gorinov and Ilya Yashin, Yury Dmitriyev and Alexei Navalny, Andrei Pivovarov and Olga Smirnova, Vsevolod Korolyov and Victoria Petrova, Yevgenia Berkovich and Svetlana Petriychuk and many others. Alexandra Skochilenko has just been sentenced, her “case” has become the most blatant example of the court ignoring even current norms of law.


There are also such among the new political prisoners whose political position Yabloko does not share. But they are persecuted by the authorities not for real actions that are dangerous to society, but for expressing their position, for being opponents of the authorities, and therefore classified as political prisoners.


The growth of political repression is accompanied by a creeping rehabilitation of Stalinism, monuments to Stalin are being erected, the implementation of the State Policy Concept for perpetuating the memory of victims of political repression, approved in 2015, has actually been stopped, monuments in memorial cemeteries where victims of political terror are buried are being destroyed and dismantled with the connivance of the authorities.


Yabloko regards these developments as a destruction of respect for the law and justice, as a degradation of the judicial and law enforcement system and a real threat of a return to the practices of mass-scale political terror.


We demand the release of all political prisoners, the repeal of the repressive laws adopted in recent years, the review of all decisions based on them and the prosecution of all those involved in political persecution.


Grigory Yavlinsky,

Chairman of the Federal Political Committee,