Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Mikhail Gorbachev: the past, the present and … the future

Grigory Yavlinsky’s web-site, 30.08.2023

Photo: Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev with his spouse Raisa Maximovna Gorbacheva during an official visit to France. Paris, 5 July 1989 // Laurent Rebours/AP

A year ago, Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev passed away – the man who gave freedom to hundreds of millions of people in Russia, in the neighbouring countries and throughout Eastern Europe, the man who stopped the Cold War.

Gorbachev made it possible for Soviet citizens, who had been afraid to open their mouths freely, publicly and loudly for decades – on television and in the print media – to say what they think, without fear of execution, prison, dismissal from work, and even expulsion from the party. And this phenomenon was much bigger and broader than freedom of speech, one of the democratic freedoms. It was freedom from fear! Unprecedented for the USSR and an extremely important historical step, which, in fact, changed everything.

The vast majority of Soviet citizens did not even have to fight for this freedom; only a few – brave dissidents – risked in the USSR. However, the full understanding of the opportunity that was given has not come. Russia did not learn to live without fear and did not cope with the freedom it received from Gorbachev – it did not use it for creativity, did not preserve it, did not protect it, did not increase it, and eventually lost it.


In our country, many do not like Gorbachev, they blame him for the collapse of the Soviet empire, without even trying to understand and evaluate his contribution to their lives and possible prospects. And this is definitely an unfair attitude.


After all, the Russians themselves, contrary to Gorbachev’s stand, resignedly accepted the Belovezha Accords in 1991 [the agreement prepared and signed discretely by the leaders of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus declaring that the USSR had effectively ceased to exist and establishing the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in its place as a successor entity], and then one way or another agreed with the illiterate and catastrophic reforms, and supported en masse only Boris Yeltsin and [the leader of the communist party] Gennady Zyuganov [as presidential candidates] in the presidential elections in 1996.


In addition, the absolute majority of Russians have been voting for the ruling party and its faithful allies for the past 30 years, in other words, for the long-term decline in real incomes, for raising the retirement age, for judicial and extrajudicial reprisals, for an authoritarian constitution and irremovable power.


After Gorbachev, Russians could vote differently in federal elections eleven times. It was possible to change the course of events and move towards freedom, truth and justice, follow the path that Gorbachev opened for the country. However, the majority has been continuously making a different choice. Well, that’s the right of the people. But that is also the responsibility.


As a result, we came to what is happening now. And if someone is not happy with something in modern Russia, then one should take offense of himself/herself and his/her neighbours, and not at Gorbachev.


True, on the one hand, it is difficult to talk about Gorbachev because of the many contradictions that accompanied him on the post of the head of the state. But on the other hand, talking about Gorbachev is easy, because the role of this man in history can be described in just two words: hope and chance. Gorbachev gave the people of the Soviet Union hope for a better future and gave them a chance to take a different path. But how we all used this chance is already our question and our responsibility.


After Gorbachev left power, he did not leave Russia, although almost any country in the world would be happy to receive him. If he went to live abroad, all that he did, all the changes that he contributed to, would have a completely different meaning. And I am personally infinitely grateful to Mikhail Sergeyevich also for the fact that he remained in Russia, with his people, until the last day. It was very important and symbolic, because even so Gorbachev kept hope for the future in his country.


And he was also a rare statesman for Russia (especially of such a level and scale), who did not come into contact with corruption in any way. When the Gorbachev Charitable Foundation experienced financial difficulties in the 1990s, Mikhail Sergeyevich did not ask for money from sponsors, but he earned as much as he could, despite his position, age and health.


A year ago, Russia said goodbye to Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev. It was the seventh month of the special military operation. And his passing away during this dark and extremely tragic period for our country was very symbolic.


Gorbachev’s time is gone forever. But the meanings he brought to the history of Russia and the world have been fully confirmed. Therefore, Gorbachev’s legacy is extremely relevant: it is a support and movement into the future – towards freedom and life without fear.


Thanks to Gorbachev, thanks to the fact that in just six years he was able to change not only our country, but the whole world, we must believe in the future even now, in these terrible times, that we still have a chance and that we can finally use it.


Thank you, Mikhail Sergeyevich, for the chance, for the opportunity to see the perspective of a truly free Russia!


May your memory last forever!