Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

The leader of Yabloko appealed to the Central Electoral Commission, the Public Prosecutor General’s Office and the Higher Judges’ Qualifications Board in connection with the removal of seven lists of Yabloko candidates in the Pskov region

Press Release, 22.08.2023

Photo: Nikolai Rybakov / Photo by Dmitry Lebedev, Kommersant

Yabloko Chairman Nikolai Rybakov sent appeals to the Central Electoral Commission, the Public Prosecutor General’s Office and the Higher Judges’ Qualifications Board in connection with the situation in the Pskov region, where the courts supported by the regional electoral commission and the public prosecutor’s office, removed at once seven lists of Yabloko candidates from the municipal elections.

Territorial electoral commissions first registered Yabloko lists in Krasnogorodsky, Loknyansky, Novorzhevsky, Opochetsky, Pechorsky, Pytalovsky and Strugo-Krasnensky districts of the region, but soon the district courts received lawsuits from representatives of three parties (A Just Russia, The Party of Growth and the Pensioners’ Party) demanding cancellation of the registration.


The essence of the claims of the plaintiffs is that Artur Gaiduk, Chairman of the Pskov Yabloko elected on June 24, allegedly could not act as head of the Yabloko branch until 18 July, until the fiscal service entered information about him in the Unified State Register of Legal Entities. The Yabloko conference at which the lists of party candidates were put forward took place on 16 July, therefore, according to the plaintiffs, Artur Gaiduk could not sign the documents of the conference.


This position is contrary to the norms of the federal laws “On Political Parties”, “On Public Associations”, “On the Basic Guarantees of Citizens’ Electoral Rights”, as well as the decisions of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, the By-Laws of the Yabloko party, and the fundamentals of corporate law of the Russian Federation. It is well known that the political powers of the head of the structural unit of a political party come into force immediately after the election.


The chairpersons of all seven territorial electoral commissions did not appear in court. Staff members of the regional electoral commission acted on behalf of them by proxy. Instead of defending the jointly adopted legal decisions of the territorial electoral commissions on the registration of Yabloko lists of candidates, they recognised the claims of Yabloko’s competitors and asked the courts to satisfy these claims.


According to the appeal of the Yabloko Chairman to the head of the Central Electoral Commission, Ella Pamfilova, these actions testify to the participation of the regional electoral commission in obstructing the legitimate activities of the Yabloko party during the elections.


Nikolai Rybakov also cites the words of Igor Sopov, Chairman of the Pskov Region Electoral Commission, which discredit the electoral system in the eyes of election participants and the general public. The Yabloko leader asks the Central Electoral Commission to consider whether Sopov is suitable for his post.


In an appeal to Public Prosecutor General Igor Krasnov, Nikolai Rybakov points out that representatives of the Pskov Region Public Prosecutor’s Office essentially took the side of the plaintiffs and, thus, took part in political activities in the interests of specific individuals, which is prohibited by law.


“A revision of the established all-Russian legal, including judicial, practice in one region can lead to the destruction of the unified legal space of Russia, affect the legal rights of all political parties operating in the Russian Federation and the candidates they have nominated,” Rybakov’s appeal to the Public Prosecutor General runs.


Rybakov asks the Public Prosecutor General’s Office to check the legality of the actions and position of the representatives of the public prosecutor’s offices and restore the rule of law.


In the appeal to the Chairman of the Higher Judges’ Qualifications Board, Nikolai Timoshin, the leader of Yabloko asks to consider the issue of bringing to disciplinary responsibility judges of the Pushkinogorsky, Opochetsky, Pechorsky, Pytalovsky, Strugo-Krasnensky and Bezhanitsky district courts of the Pskov region.


When considering the statements of claim, the judges of different district courts wrote seven judicial acts of the same content, in which they established the circumstances of the case in the same way and motivated their conclusions in the same way, Rybakov notes.


“The decisions of the courts were prepared according to a single template, and the judges implemented the ordered conclusions into the decisions according to it, preserving the same identity in entire paragraphs, and even pages. In some solutions, mistakes were made, that illustrate the insertion of “necessary” sentences in the middle of a paragraph, breaking the grammar of the text. The sequence of paragraphs in all seven decisions indicates that seven different judges thought the same way down to the commas,” the appeal runs.


At the same time, none of Yabloko’s arguments refuting the position of the plaintiffs received a substantive, motivated assessment from the courts in any of the decisions.


These circumstances indicate the presence of coordinated actions to legitimise illegal methods of political struggle through the courts, Rybakov writes. He also asks the Higher Judges’ Qualifications Board to establish the source of extra-procedural interference in the activities of Pskov judges.


It should be noted that the decisions of seven district courts have not entered into force yet. On 18 August, the Yabloko party appealed against them in the Pskov Regional Court.


In addition, the Pskov Yabloko continues to challenge the refusal to certify a single list of its candidates put forward in the elections of deputies of the Nevelsky district. The list was not certified by the territorial electoral commission for a reason not provided for by law. The territorial electoral commission considered that the Bureau of the regional Yabloko branch could not exclude a candidate from its list of candidates, if the candidate failed to provide a complete set of documents for nomination, despite the fact that this authority of the Bureau is established by federal law and provided for by the By-Laws of the party.


The Pskov Yabloko continues all its election campaigns, including those of thirteen candidates nominated by the party in single-mandate constituencies. All of them are registered, there have been no claims to cancel their registration.