Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Ruslan Mutsolgov spoke in court on the “Ingush case” as a public defender of the convicts

Based on the materials from the Memorial Human Rights Centre, 22.07.2023

Photo: The defendants of the “Ingush case” / Photo by Daria Kornilova

On 20 July, the Stavropol Regional Court in Pyatigorsk resumed the debate on the “Ingush case”. Ruslan Mutsolgov, the public defender of the convicts, the Chairman of the Ingush Yabloko, and a member of the Federal Bureau of Yabloko, spoke in the defence of the convicts.

About the “Ingush case”


On 27 March, 2019, a rally against changing the administrative border of Ingushetia with Chechnya was dispersed in Magas, the capital of Ingushetia. This gave the start of repressions against the Ingush opposition. As a result, administrative cases were opened against hundreds of participants in the public protest, and dozens of protesters faced criminal cases.


In December 2021, the Kislovodsk City Court sentenced Malsag Uzhakhov, Akhmed Barakhoyev, Zarifa Sautiyeva, Musa Malsagov, Ismail Nalgiyev, Bagautdin Khautiyev and Barakh Chemurziyev to from 7.5 to 9 years in prison. The court ruled out that they were guilty of violence to representatives of the authorities (Article 318 of the Criminal Code), creation of an extremist group (Article 282.1 of the Criminal Code) and participation in it. Malsag Uzhakhov was also convicted for creating an organisation that encourages citizens to commit illegal acts (Article 239 Part 2 of the Criminal Code), and Akhmed Barakhoyev was sentenced for participating in it (Article 239 Part 3 of the Criminal Code). The case of the eighth participant in the process, Akhmed Pogorov, was singled out into a separate proceeding.


Since January 2023, the Stavropol Regional Court in Pyatigorsk has been considering the appeal of the convicts.


The Yabloko party supported the protests in Ingushetia; Yabloko Chairman Nikolai Rybakov specially came to the Republic in March 2019 to speak at a rally in Magas. Yabloko condemned the repression of the leaders of the Ingush protest. In July 2022, the Yabloko headquarters in Moscow held an exhibition “The Ingush Case. Protest of Dignity”.


During the debate, Ruslan Mutsolgov called the verdict of the Kislovodsk City Court unlawful and unreasonable, since the court’s conclusions did not correspond to the actual circumstances of the case. The court did not provide evidence, and prosecution witnesses did not confirm either the use of violence or its organisation. The court ignored the evidence that refuted the prosecution’s arguments, while the video materials supplemented the testimony of the defendants, and did not refute them. According to Mutsolgov, the evidence, on the contrary, refuted the guilt of Khautiyev and other defendants.


Mutsolgov noted that if holding of a sanctioned rally had been a crime, then why the head of the government who had approved it was not with them in the dock?


According to Ruslan Mutsolgov, the clashes in the square were provoked by the security forces, who began beating people with batons, including the elderly. Nobody called for this. And all the protests had been absolutely peaceful up to that day.


Mutsolgov also stressed another point that the court ignored: according to the case file, the time of the criminal conspiracy to commit violence was approximately 4:40 a.m. on March 27. However, according to the testimonies of witnesses, video recordings and phone billings, it was proved that neither Khautiyev nor Zarifa Sautiyeva were on the square at that time.


Mutsolgov recalled that initially Khautiyev was accused of using violence under Article 318 Part 2 of the Criminal Code and his detention was extended on the basis of that article. There was no accusation of any organisation of violence for nine months. First, the investigation cited some evidence of the use of violence, and then they just came up with a new role and a new charge for Khautiyev, but all the evidence of the “use of violence” disappeared.



is a member of the Federal Bureau of Yabloko and

Chairman of the Yabloko branch in Ingushetia