Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

On the Yabloko party’s participation in the elections of heads of regions in 2023

Decision by the Yabloko Federal Political Committee of 6 June, 2023. Published on 8 June, 2023.

Due to the current extraordinary and tragic circumstances, the participation of the Yabloko party in the September elections of the top officials of the subjects of the federation (including the elections of the Mayor of Moscow) makes political sense only if it contributes to saving human lives, a ceasefire and start peace talks. For all the significance of regional and local problems that should have been the subject of election campaigns, under the current conditions, the future of the country does not depend on the solution of these problems, but on whether the federal policies change.

At the same time, the elections of the heads of regions are initially not free due to the barriers created by the authorities for the participation of real opposition candidates in these elections.


There are politicians in the Yabloko party who are able to get the support of residents in elections and lead the region in a quality manner, but today not all of them can participate in elections due to repressive laws and unjust decisions of the courts. The fact that it is impossible for them to participate also undermines the legitimacy of the elections.


At the same time, participation in the elections is one of the few opportunities for the Yabloko party to legally and publicly express an assessment of what is happening in the country and the world, offer an alternative to the current state policies, support like-minded people and express their aspirations in the face of growing political repression, severe censorship in the media, on the Internet, in the sphere of culture, in conditions when the constitutional rights to freedom of speech and assembly are actually being eliminated, when the campaign against “foreign agents” and “undesirable organisations” is expanding.


Given the situation in the country, the Federal Political Committee of the Yabloko party emphasises the fundamental features of the election campaigns of candidates from the [Yabloko] party after 24 February, 2022.


Our main task in these elections is to publicly present a political alternative: the stance of millions of citizens who disagree with the domestic and foreign policies of Vladimir Putin, primarily in the conflict between Russia and Ukraine and with the international community, as well as the attitude of the Russian state to the rights and freedoms of citizens.


Therefore, candidates nominated by the Yabloko party for the positions of heads of regions must publicly declare that their election campaign is a political demand for a change in the entire state policies of Russia in the directions presented in the programmes and decisions of the Yabloko party.


Certainly, the Yabloko party and our supporters regard the problems of the level and quality of people’s daily lives, the problems of developing education, healthcare, the social sphere, separation of business and property from government, rejection of state support for oligarchic business and transition from a resource-based to a modern high-tech economy as important. We have professionally prepared programmes to effectively address most of these issues. However, today, the problems of the quality and living standards of people cannot be solved without a ceasefire and finding a peaceful diplomatic way out of the current situation.


Now our country is critically in need of a new policy: a policy of saving human lives, stopping the escalation and concluding a ceasefire agreement, a full-scale exchange of prisoners and the bodies of the dead, stopping nuclear war propaganda, striving to resolve disagreements and contradictions between countries exclusively by peaceful political means.


The fate of not only each region of our country, but literally every person depends on the solution of these key political issues.


The public political stand of the Yabloko candidates bases on the decisions of the party congresses, the Memorandum of the party, the decisions and statements of the Federal Political Committee. Party candidates share all the risks and responsibilities associated with such a stance.


Saving human lives, inalienable human rights and freedoms, achieving and maintaining peace are the basic values of the Yabloko party and the meaning of its existence and activities.


Grigory Yavlinsky,

Chairman of the Federal Political Committee,



Grigory Yavlinsky

is Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of the Russian United Democratic Party Yabloko, Vice President of Liberal International,

PhD in Economics,

Professor of the National Research University Higher School of Economics.