Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

On the stand of the Yabloko party in connection with the special military operation and the challenges of the near future

Decision by the Yabloko Federal Political Committee of 24 March, 2023

Published on 13 April, 2023

Photo: Mariupol / Photo by Alexander Chernykh, Kommersant

The Yabloko party, as a democratic opposition to the present system of power in Russia, has repeatedly stated its principally negative stance both as regards the strategic course of the state’s leadership headed by Vladimir Putin, and in connection with the events that began in Crimea and Donbass in 2014, and transformed into an international clash in 2022.

The Yabloko party has repeatedly, consistently and openly warned Russian society about the danger of unleashing a military confrontation with Ukraine, the political dead end of this step and its catastrophic consequences for Russia.


Let us point out only two documents of the Federal Political Committee of the Party: the decision “On emergency measures to prevent war” of 25 January, 2022, and the statement “The Yabloko Party considers the war with Ukraine the gravest crime” of 24 February, 2022. Obviously, the assessments expressed then have not lost their relevance now. However, we failed to convey simple and obvious truths to Russian society.


In the present situation, there is no other way out than to demand a ceasefire. This requirement is only the first condition for all subsequent actions: to start a full-fledged exchange of prisoners and the bodies of the dead, return children to their parents, and organise negotiations. This will not be the beginning of a peaceful settlement yet, but only the emergence of some hope for it, because it is obvious that the level of the tragedy and the hatred in people exceeds all boundaries.


An astonishing logic is demonstrated by some of Ukraine’s allies, who remain committed to the strategy of “victory on the battlefield” and, thereby, only deepen the tragedy and losses.


The denial of the need for a ceasefire and saving the lives of both civilians and the military on both sides of the confrontation causes astonishment and indignation. This makes us think about the real purport of the system of fundamental values of those who call themselves democrats and the real value of human lives for them.


The demand for the withdrawal of troops was relevant at the period when a global conflict could have been avoided or prevented at its very initial stage. And we openly declared this and demanded this in absolutely concrete terms (see above). Now, after everything that has happened since 24 February, 2022, one can demand and call for only one thing – to stop the killing of hundreds and thousands of people, only for this, everything else is the subject of a long and difficult process of further peaceful settlement.


But the situation is aggravated by the determination of all the main participants in the confrontation to go further and further, towards the spread of the catastrophe; whereas responsibility of the current Russian regime for what has been happening is primary and self-evident.


There are also observers of this tragedy – China is quite predictably the most attentive and patient observer, it is definitely trying on the role of the main beneficiary of the current confrontation. The leadership of the People’s Republic of China pragmatically limit themselves to general statements, believing that the prospects are now unfolding in favour of the People’s Republic of China, and victims, destruction, and refugees are merely costs in the redistribution of new spheres of influence and priorities. It would be useful to note that the hopes of some representatives of the Russian Federation for China as a partner that will provide support for Russia in the global confrontation are just as naive as the belief in the infinity of Western assistance to Ukraine.


At the same time, voices of extreme anxiety are becoming increasingly more distinct on the world arena. Among them are expert opinions of respected pundits, intellectuals, politicians, diplomats and clerical hierarchs, including Pope Francis, the head of the Roman Catholic Church.


We should note here the assessment of the prospects for military confrontation given by General Petr Pavel, the current President of the Czech Republic, a professional military man and ex-head of the NATO Military Committee: “Many countries, many politicians expect some progress this year. I believe that Ukraine will have only one attempt to launch a major counteroffensive. Therefore, if they decide to launch a major counteroffensive and it fails, it will be extremely difficult to get funds for the next one”. President Pavel explains his thesis not only by financial problems in Europe, but also the fatigue of society in many EU countries regarding the conflict in Ukraine, and in the US – by the approaching presidential elections.


In a few months, all will find themselves again in approximately the same situation as the current one, without guarantees that killing of people is stopped and a ceasefire reached, and a global war prevented. The cost of these impending months of continued hostilities in the form of spring-summer offensives and counteroffensives is many thousands of lives, blood, grief, suffering, and loss of the future.


The situation is closely approaching the point where hostilities will reach the brink of mutual destruction due to the real possibility of the use of nuclear weapons.




  1. The requirement to conclude a ceasefire agreement in Ukraine is fundamental.


  1. There is no other alternative to a peaceful settlement of the military confrontation in Ukraine.


  1. The continuation of hostilities in Ukraine will have catastrophic consequences, making the threat of a nuclear conflict realistic.


  1. All peace initiatives must be based on respect for the norms of the UN Charter.


  1. The UN and the OSCE should make every possible effort to support peace initiatives aimed at ending the military confrontation in Ukraine.


  1. The initiative for a ceasefire agreement should become an international public movement, in which political forces and public organisations will take part, condemning the military method of resolving any interstate conflicts.


Grigory Yavlinsky,

Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of

the Yabloko party




“On the priority steps to bring to an end the killing of people in the Russian-Ukrainian conflict” Resolution of the Yabloko Party Congress, dated 16 April, 2022


“On urgent measures to prevent a possible nuclear conflict”, decision by the Federal Political Committee of 29 September, 2022


“On the critical need for an early ceasefire as soon as possible”, decision by the Yabloko Federal Political Committee of 20 October, 2022


“Just Stop!”, article by Grigory Yavlinsky published by the Novaya Rasskaz-Gazeta, 5 February, 2023


A ceasefire is the first and inevitable step towards peace” decision by the Yabloko Federal Political Committee of 24 March, 2023