Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

The Lessons of the Year

Grigory Yavlinsky’s web-site, 6.01.2023

Photo: A Christmas ball “The Apotheosis of War” on the web-site of the online store The picture is by the Russian artist Vasily Vereshchagin “The Apotheosis of War”, 1871. There is an inscription on the frame: “Dedicated to all the great conquerors of the past, the present and the future”.


Dozens of thousands of dead and wounded (the true scope is unknown), and millions of refugees – such are the main things brought by 2022. This is the most terrible and irreparable. This is what will forever remain as the key recollection of the past year. I can’t call this the year’s results. But does the past year actually have results? I don’t think so. The past year is not only terrible, but also significant. There are lessons of the year, rather than results.

The first lesson. The year 2022 showed in practice what kind of political system had been created in Russia. This political system inevitably led to what happened on 24 February 2022 (see “Russia-2022: Underlying Causes”, June 2022). And it is not about an individual at the top of this system – there will be no such thing as “someone else will come and everything will be ok”. The essence and root of the problem lies in the type of political system in modern Russia: which is neo-Stalinist, neo-totalitarian, based on the merger of state, property and business. That is why our country has neither separation of powers, nor an independent court, nor a real parliament, nor media independent of the state, nor public organisations, nor influential opposition parties, nor trade unions. There can be no real society in such a state. As long as this is so, a huge country with nuclear weapons is subject to the unlimited autocratic power of one person. In combination with virtually unlimited natural resources, such a system always leads to war (see “The Results of the Year: Shame”, January 2022,  and “Economic Growth without Development Leads to War”, November 2015).


The second lesson. The past year clearly demonstrated that, at least until a truly democratic law-governed state is created in our country, it is vital for the majority of citizens to participate in politics. As it was, for example, in the late 1980s – early 1990s. What does it mean? This means, for example, that in the past 30 years it was necessary to meaningfully use electoral opportunities: to go to the polls (whatever the elections were), vote according to one’s conscience, rather than according to a scheme or an order, explain the importance and the meaning of voting to the widest possible audience, directly control elections, and achieve real results. This also means not participating in dangerous clownery such as “Smart Voting” for the communists – supporters of the war, not voting “for anyone but …”, not supporting the so-called “Nakh-Nakh” [voting against all] or other idiotic and extremely harmful actions, but defend and promote, at all levels, our own values and value orientations, without swapping them for pragmatic algorithms, not to succumb to populism and pseudo-political nonsense that filled social networks and, deliberately or out of incompetence, replaced a substantive agenda. People had to face the truth: the current Russian political system had been wasting their lives. It is a separate discussion what participation in politics means as of today (see “Moral Choice”, November 2022).


The third lesson. The events of the year once again made it clear – through the death of people already – what catastrophes are brought about by many years of continuous lies at the state level, corruption, faith in their own propaganda, and the desire of the top officials to hear only what they like and select their key stuff accordingly.


The fourth lesson. The Russian economy did not collapse from massive sanctions in 2022. At least for now. This demonstrates how high, with such economic opportunities and resources, the quality of life in our country could have been not just for 20 per cent of the population, but for at least 80 per cent, if the state-political system were focused on the well-being of citizens and modern development, rather than imperial purposes of the 19th century model.


The fifth lesson. Despite the unprecedented large-scale and serious sanctions, extremely tough rhetoric and assessments, the West continued to buy Russian hydrocarbons for most of 2022, fearing the discontent of the citizens of their countries due to economic difficulties and rising energy prices. By the end of past year, Russia’s current account surplus amounted to more than USD 220 billion, twice as much as in the previous year. This foreign currency helped the Kremlin to finance what was happening, despite all the loud statements and gestures of the West. Therefore, the point is not who and how criticizes us and imposes sanctions, or who and how praises us and helps us with advice and loans (as was the case in the 1990s). It is important that we pursue our own honest, moral and professional policies, corresponding to the time and the future of our country.


The sixth lesson. Until Russia creates a system which is fundamentally different from the present one, — that is, a modern European-style democratic political system based on moral values — everything will be like in 2022, and possibly much worse.


The seventh lesson. The key lesson of the year is the absence of results. Everything is ahead. 2022 has opened such a perspective that we understand that this is only the beginning. Today, none of the main actors wants to stop the war. And, in my opinion, no one here or there or in the world understands the consequences of continuing what has been happening. It is a pity. The price will be incredibly high. War is very different now from what it was 80 years ago, and the essence of what is called peace has also changed.


2022 taught our country tragic lessons, and this year has brought no results. Yet. Everything still lies ahead…


Grigory Yavlinsky

is Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of the Russian United Democratic Party Yabloko, Vice President of Liberal International,

PhD in Economics,

Professor of the National Research University Higher School of Economics.