Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

On the situation in the world and the responsibility of political leaders

Decision by the Yabloko Federal Political Committee No 156 of 20 October 2022, published on 1.11.2022

Photo (left to right): French President Nicolas Sarkozy, Russian President Vladimir Putin, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, US President George W. Bush and British Prime Minister Anthony Blair at the Kurhaus complex in Heiligendamm / Photo by Dmitry Astakhov, RIA Novosti

The legacy of late Stalinism, combined with the collapse of the USSR in Belovezhskaya Pushcha [by the Belvezh Accords], illiterate and voluntaristic economic reforms, and Boris Yeltsin’s stake on power politics, made in the early 1990s, led to the formation of a system of peripheral authoritarianism in Russia – a neo-Bolshevik model of the state with an eclectic populist ideology of “political Eurasianism”. In such a system, all institutions and understanding of social justice are subordinated to the “state interest”, personalised in the leader.

The formation of such a model of the new Russian state met with support from the leading political forces of the West. The development of Russia was considered there superficially, outside the global context, mainly as simply a “problem of Russians”, as an occasion for both arrogance and indifference with primitive but persistent recommendations to construct the Russian world in a way similar to the Western.


The future of Russia has been considered and is being considered by the West in the context of a personal search for the “names” of candidates for new “national leaders”. In fact, there were no meaningful discussions on the topics that are important from the point of view of basic human rights, the search for mutual understanding on global issues.


The open military confrontation with its closest (in every sense) neighbour launched by Russia in February 2022 caused a shock reaction in Western countries, corresponding to their vision of their role in today’s world and the current specific tragic and absolutely unlawful situation, the responsibility for the creation and development of which lies primarily with Russia.


At the end of the eighth month of criminal bloodshed, the politicians of the leading countries of the world are at a complete impasse in terms of determining the political meaning of the situation and finding solutions for the future.


Russia, like Ukraine, the EU countries, and the United States will not cease to exist – despite the fact that they consider each other exclusively as a strategic threat today. It is impossible to imagine that anyone in Europe can seriously hope for a peaceful existence in the total isolation of a country with 140 million people, the largest territory in the world and possessing nuclear weapons on a level equal to the United States. Fragmented development of the world in the 21st century and the conditions of modern digital technologies is impossible.


The idea of ​​a “Eurasian” authoritarian separate civilisation being imposed in Russia is a utopia that contradicts the history and culture of Russia as a European country.


But the civilisation of the West, despite its achievements in law, technology, and education, will not cope with global challenges and internal problems if political entropy increases – separation of politics from culture, professional knowledge, human values ​​and faith, knowledge and understanding of history. If there is no understanding of the peculiarities of the present time, which is missing today among Western leaders. If the key problems of modern life and, above all, the global ones continue to be considered as tactical and technical, requiring only quick definite “reactive” solutions, and electoral goals will overshadow, every two or three years, the strategies and accumulating fundamental contradictions.


The attempts to think today by the analogies with the events of the Second World War are devoid of substantive meaning. It is absolutely obvious, that both the content and the forms of the current military conflict in the 21st century, involving the country possessing a gigantic arsenal of nuclear weapons, are qualitatively different from the war of the first half of the 20th century.


So many different weapons have been accumulated that it is enough to cause destruction to an almost unlimited extent. The resource of mobilisation from different sides is also very extensive. Today we see an extremely dangerous situation with the possibility of an exceptionally powerful escalation of unlimited duration. The prospect of a nuclear conflict is becoming real.


Despite proposals to reach at least a ceasefire agreement, the leading decision-making centres ignore or reject such a possibility. At the same time, they do not express any political plan at all. The outcome becomes completely unpredictable both as of its content and time.


This is extremely dangerous from a military and political point of view, and extremely tragic from a human point of view.


The main result of the Second World War and the basis of European ideas of the middle of the past century was saving human lives. Unfortunately, it did not reach Russia – neither during the USSR, nor for the entire post-Soviet period. If, as a result of the tragedy that has now befallen Ukraine and Russia, it turns out that Western Europe has also abandoned saving human lives, then the darkest times are ahead of us.


Today, politicians of a global scale, who are responsible for the fate of mankind, require most of all political thinking, will and action.


Grigory Yavlinsky,

Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko