Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

The Fear of The Endless War

In October 2022 Yabloko party’s leader Grigory Yavlinsky answered the questions of BBC News about the perspectives of Russia’s special military operation against Ukraine, the West’s role in the current situation and the threat of nuclear weapon use.

— In this month we`ve seen an escalation in Ukraine, we`ve seen the wave of Russian missile attacks, devastating attacks. What does this tell us about president Putin and about his objectives in Ukraine now?— I think it is clear that this escalation is the continuation of what he started on February 24th. I think that he has three goals. One of them is territories, annexation of some territories in Ukraine. The second one is the capitulation of Kiev, I mean the current government, and “de-ukrainization”. And the third one is a kind of destabilization in the West, I mean in Europe, in the UK, maybe in the United States, as a result of the economic problems’ growth along with the changes in gas and oil policies. The aim of this is to enhance the instability in the West and to replace the ruling elites in “unfriendly countries”.— Why does Putin want to destabilize the West?

— He sees that the West is supporting Ukraine while he views Ukraine as a state with limited sovereignty, which should be controlled only by Russia. By the way, this was exactly the Soviet Union’s policy towards Eastern Europe — for example, in Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Poland. There was the Soviet concept that there were some countries which were formally independent, but whose policies should be defined only by Moscow. Nowadays the Kremlin’s attitude toward Ukraine is the same. So this is the reason for the efforts to destabilize the West which probably prevents Putin from implementing the limited sovereignty policy in Ukraine. This derives from Putin’s vision of a “multipolar world”, in other words the world which is divided into spheres of influence.

— But the so-called special military operation has clearly not gone according to the plan, it’s gone badly. So do you think Putin’s objective remains to force Ukraine back into Russia’s sphere of influence?

— I have already pointed out Putin’s objectives. And he has already occupied about 20% of the Ukrainian territories, so it’s very serious. And he insists on his goals, he wants to go on.

— To what extent, do you think, in his mind, Putin is waging a war with the West? Does he look at this as an existential battle?

— Yes, it’s existential. As for today, he is trying to avoid direct confrontation with the West, but at the same time he is prepared for it. So this situation is more complicated than many think.

— A lot of people are nervous in the West, worried about the nuclear threats that have been made by senior Russian officials, including president Putin. How likely is it, do you think, that president Putin would use a nuclear weapon in this confrontation?

— It is possible. Everybody must be very serious about that. It is possible.

— Why would he be prepared to do that? Because for decades, I remember, the Soviet people were told that nuclear weapons were bad, that it was bad that the Americans used nuclear weapons in Japan, that it should only be used to protect the motherland.

 That’s exactly what Putin says. He is trying to explain that this is the protection of the motherland. That’s why he included in the last month the occupied Ukrainian territories into the Russian Constitution which was changed in 2020. And now these territories require to be protected. So his right for the mass destruction weapons’ use Putin is justified by “motherland protection”. From that point of view this is very dangerous. You ask how likely the nuclear weapon is to be used. I do not know the percentage of probability, but I`m saying: yes, it is possible.

— In what way has Putin changed over the years, since you`ve known him for many years? Is Putin of 20 years ago different from Putin now?

— I don`t know him closely. I think all these 20 years he was moving in this direction — towards the current situation. In this way or in other step by step he was moving to that. If you look carefully at what he did in 2000, in 2001, in 2002, we can go year by year, you will see that all these years he has been constructing the way to the current situation. For example, in 2001 he started destroying the independent media when the NTV channel was actually raided. Or, for another example, in 2003 he began demolishing businesses that tried to exhibit some independence — it was Yukos case. And so on and so forth. You can take any several years and you will clearly see this direction — the war with Georgia in 2008, Crimea annexation and Donbass war outbreak in 2014. The interference into the Syrian civil war in 2015.  Everything was obvious. One should be blind not to see that.

— Do you think the Western leaders are partly responsible? You know, we remember George Bush looking into Putin’s eyes, seeing into his soul and all of this. To what extent, do you think, the West was naive or actually partly responsible for encouraging Putin?

— There is a responsibility, and this is a serious responsibility. I don’t know the size of its part, but definitely there is a responsibility. Because it’s necessary to be very serious in politics — to analyze and estimate instead of thinking only about public relations. It’s necessary to take back intellectuals and professionals into politics, to invite people from universities. It’s necessary to return vision, culture and human values into politics. It’s time to stop thinking about elections and voting. This is very hard and daily work. You should be very smart with China. You should be smart with Russia. This is a matter of very high responsibility, because this is responsibility for the dozens of millions lifes. But I’m not in the position to teach the West.

— And what about your country, in which direction now is Vladimir Putin taking Russia?

— It`s a Tragedy from the capital letter for my country and for my people. The Russian problem is the construction of our political and economic systems. There has been such a system in Russia since 1991 which has created and brought to the power the kind of a person who suits this sistem. And the West’s part in this system creating is a very serious one and long one to speak about.

The problem is that the political and economic system that has been created for these 30 years in Russia has not allowed to create civil society. There are many nice and smart people in Russia, I think you met them, but there is no civil society. That’s why the Russian people can`t resist. There are people, but there is no society.

— And that benefits Putin?

— That’s why he is doing what he wants. That’s exactly why.

— What do you fear most now, in this situation? What’s at this point of time, in October 2022, your biggest fear?

— I fear the possibility of nuclear conflict, the death of many people, the rise of hatred and dehumanization. And I fear the endless war.

— Endless?

— Yes. I can see no scenarios of its ending. Territorial wars often have no end but cause a lot of casualties. It’s a terrible pain for me because of the lack of perspective and the terrible consequences. The catastrophe is to continue ahead.

Steve Rosenberg, Russia editor of BBC News