Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

The court did not recongnise as evidence the expertise in the case of “Alexander Shishlov discreding the army”, and appointed a new expertise

Press Release, 19.08.2022

Photo: Lawyers Andrei Chertkov and Leonid Krikun, and Alexander Shishlov (from left to right) / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

The Petrogradsky District Court in St.Petersburg held the first hearing in an administrative case initiated against Alexander Shishlov, head of the Yabloko faction in the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg, under Article 20.3.3 of the Code of Administrative Offenses (“Public actions aimed at discrediting the use of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation”).

The court supported the motions of the defence to attach to the case the conclusions by experts I.A. Levinskaya and D.V. Dubrovsky, containing a critical assessment of the “expert opinion” compiled by V. Abakanova, Associate Professor of the Herzen Russian State Pedagogical University, and on the appointment of psychological and linguistic expertise.

The ruling of the court states that it cannot recognise “the document presented in the case file, referred to as an expert opinion” as admissible evidence both on formal and factual grounds.


A new psychological and linguistic expertise should establish the presence or absence of “discrediting of the Russian army” in Alexnder Shishlov’s publications on VKontakte social media. The North-West Regional Centre for Expertise of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation was entrusted with holding a new expertise. The motion of Shishlov’s defence to commission the expertise to the regional public organization The Guild of Linguistics Experts in Documentation and Information Disputes was rejected by the court.


The next hearing in the Petrogradsky District Court will be held on 2 September at 11:00.


The protocol on an administrative offense was drawn up on the basis of an expert opinion made at the request of the St. Petersburg Public Prosecutor’s Office. Expert Veronika Abakanova, Associate Professor of the Department of Criminal Procedure at the Herzen Russian State Pedagogical University, wrote in her expert opinion that “the author’s intention was to publicly discredit the actions of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and destabilise the situation in the country”.


Abakanova writes in her expertise that in one of the posts Alexander Shishlov criticised the announcement of a minute of silence in memory of Vladimir Zhirinovsky, ex-leader of the pro-government LDPR party, since Zhirinovsky incited hatred and aggression. In the second post, Shishlov spoke negatively about the initiative to introduce criminal punishment for insulting the St. George Ribbon and giving it state status, and also wrote about the inappropriateness of folding the ribbon into the Latin letter Z which is a symbol of the “special operation”.


Photo: Public in the hearing / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service


During the court session, Alexander Shishlov’s lawyers, lawyers Leonid Krikun and Andrei Chertkov, filed several motions, including the one on permitting photo and video filming of the session, which was attended by more than 40 listeners and journalists.


In addition, the court satisfied the motion by the defense of Alexander Shishlov, who asked to attach to the case the study of the expert opinion of Veronika Abakanova by two professional experts with extensive work experience. Academic specialists Dr. Irina Levinskaya (author of over 80 expert assessments) and Dr. Dmitry Dubrovsky (conducted over 60 expert assessments) independently draw conclusions that the expertise performed by Abakanova was professionally incompetent.


Dr. Dmitry Dubrovsky in his opinion noted that the expertise of Veronika Abakanova was written “from a position of total disregard for the main requirements for expertise: it was written by a lawyer without background in the field of philology and psychology, answered legal questions, did not use the required research methodology, and was entirely grounded on speculation and subjective assessments. There was no study in this text.”


According to Dr. Irina Levinskaya, “V.A.Abakanova does not quote or analyse any of the texts by Alexander Shishlov as a whole, taking some quotes out of the context which makes impossible to assess the intention of the author of the text, in spite of the fact that the law requires to analyse texts in full.  There is no methodology in her conclusion, and the analysis is replaced by evaluative subjective judgments.”


After the hearing, Alexander Shishlov expressed his gratitude to the listeners who came to support him, as well as to the journalists for their interest in this case.


“For the first six months of this year 120 people in St.Petersburg were brought to administrative responsibility under Article 20.3.3 of the Code of Administrative Offenses (“discrediting of the Russian army”), and in Russia the number of such people is already measured in thousands. Citizens of Russia are brought to responsibility under this article for actually expressing their own opinion, which is different from the official position of the state. At the same time, it follows from the constitutional norms that everyone has the right to think freely and freely express their opinion in the Russian Federation, as in a democratic and law-bound state, without fear of being persecuted by any side, first of all by the state”, Alexander Shishlov said.


According to Boris Vishnevsky, MP of the Legislative Assembly of St.Peterburg and Deputy Chairman of the Yabloko party, the Alexander Shishlov case is as absurd as other similar accusations of “discrediting the armed forces” and “fakes”, and is built on a blatantly unprofessional and biased “expert opinion”.


“Expert Abakanova, saw a certain “orientation of intent to publicly discredit the actions of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and destabilise the situation in the country” in Alexander Shishlov’s post, taking up the function of the court of law. As for the “destabilisation of the situation in the country”, if anything destabilises it, it is political repressions and persecution of citizens for criticising the authorities,” Vishnevsky said.


It should be noted that after Shishlov was accused of “discrediting the Armed Forces”, he began to receive threats and insults via the Internet. Shishlov appealed to the Public Prosecutor of St.Petersburg Viktor Melnik, and Shishlov’s lawyer Leonid Krikun filed an application with the head of the interior in the region demanding to initiate a criminal case on the fact of threats addressed to deputy of the Legislative Assembly of St.Petersburg.


Earlier, 34 administrative protocols were drawn up against 27 members and supporters of Yabloko under the article on “discrediting the army”, including member of the Federal Political Committee of the party, leader of the Pskov Yabloko Lev Shlosberg, head of the Novorzhevsky district of the Pskov region Sofya Pugacheva, municipal deputies Nikolai Kuzmin, Andrei Morev and Nodari Khananashvili.


Read more about the persecution of Yabloko members after the start of the “special operation”.



is head of the Yabloko faction in the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg, and a member of the Federal Political Committee of the Yabloko party