Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Grigory Yavlinsky: “Protests fail to affect politics not only in Russia, but also in the world”

Corriere Della Sera, 22.07.2022

Photo: Peace March in Moscow in 2014 / Photo by Yevgeny Nadalinsky, Kommersant

On 16 July, the influential Italian newspaper Corriere Della Sera published an interview with Grigory Yavlinsky on the situation in connection with the Russian special military operation in Ukraine. Unfortunately, there are fragments in the Corriere Della Sera publication that do not correspond to the original Russian text. Here is the English translation of the Russian text of the interview, which was sent to the newspaper.

Corriere Della Sera: At the beginning of the conflict many foreign special correspondents came to Moscow to report on anti-war protests. However, there were few manifestations, the number of their participants was small, and even then they were immediately suppressed. Why did this happen, what did it depend on?


Grigory Yavlinsky: First of all, I would like to say that a political tragedy and a human catastrophe happened in February this year.


Returning to your question. First, it is the fear caused by very tough repression and pressure on people. Already on the eve of 24 February, the police began visiting the apartments of activists and intimidate them. Subsequent anti-war actions were harshly suppressed.


The second thing is propaganda – extremely powerful and without boundaries, – which includes lies, intimidation and blackmail. In Russia, all television is state-owned, there are no opposition newspapers and radio stations any longer. The only thing that still can be used somehow is the Internet. However, a lot is blocked there.


Third. In 2021, the activist movement in Russia was crushed. Only in January-February last year, over 11,000 people were detained at protest rallies, and 9,000 out of them were sentenced to fines and arrests. Dozens of people received several years of imprisonment on criminal charges. But these protests gave no results.


However, this is not only the Russian case. For example, in February 2003, about 2 million people took to street protest actions against the war in Iraq in the UK – it was the largest demonstration in the history of the country. Did anything change? No, Tony Blair joined the US military operation. All this happened in a country where the rule of law and democracy had existed for hundreds of years.


Russians feel and realise that today people cannot influence anything not only in Russia, but also in the world.


I don’t want to say that protests are not needed. They are a manifestation of human dignity. They did take place and are taking place even now. In 2014, hundreds of thousands of people in Moscow took to the streets against the military conflict with Ukraine. Nevertheless this didn’t lead to anything.


Corriere Della Sera: It is called “Putin’s war”, and yet polls show that the majority of Russians support the military operation. Why do so many people look favourably on the war?


Grigory Yavlinsky: Polls in the conditions of a police state and a military operation speak only of fear and nothing else. Yet, even according to state sociological services, about 20% of the Russian population does not support the special operation. This is, by the way, 20 million people.

But this system imposed learned helplessness on people. They have been convinced for 25 years that they do not influence anything. Due to high oil prices, people were taught to get kind of accustomed to the following: we would raise your living standards in exchange for your non-interference in anything.

Corriere Della Sera: Putin has his own, very personal perception and interpretation of Russian history. How do Russians treat their history? Do they really know it?


Grigory Yavlinsky: Indeed, I think people in my country know their history very poorly. That is how the circumstances came about. First, the Soviet authorities had been distorting history for 70 years, then, in the 1990s, there was a short break, but the new Russian state refused to evaluate the coup d’état of 1917, Stalinism and the entire Soviet period. But when Vladimir Putin came into power, they began adapting history to the new modern chauvinistic imperial image. The postmodern Restoration began.


Corriere Della Sera: Is it really impossible to engage in opposition activities in Russia?


Grigory Yavlinsky: They began elimination of the democratic opposition at the very end of the 1990s, so that to build autocracy in the country. Now there is no independent press, it is impossible to hold political actions, and there are no elections looking like normal ones. We are balancing on the verge between political opposition and dissidence. Nevertheless, we need to find ways and means how to work. We will not give up on our views and our goals. We will continue to tell people what we think. To do this we will try to participate in what is left of the elections. We will explain to people what is happening and why, and we will promote the programme of peace.


Corriere Della Sera: A demokratura, a managed democracy, a dictatorship… How would you define today’s Russia?


Grigory Yavlinsky: If we use the classic definitions, then this is a tough autocratic authoritarian regime. Given the digital technologies context, this is a particularly dangerous regime. In Russia, there is the possibility of the authorities’ total control over the population. So far, it has been still selective and targeted at the groups posing a danger to the authorities.


The main question is how such a regime appeared and why. My recent large work “Russia-2022. Underlying Causes” attempts to give answers to these questions.


Corriere Della Sera: International publications keep talking about intricacies and conspiracies around the Kremlin. How are things in reality? Is there a possibility that Vladimir Putin will lose power?


Grigory Yavlinsky: I am not inside, so I do not know what has been going on there. But I think that there is no conspiracy that could lead to a coup. Those who write about it indulge in wishful thinking.


Corriere Della Sera:  Will the impoverishment of Russian society and its middle class, caused, among other things, by sanctions, have consequences (and what exactly) in the medium term?


Grigory Yavlinsky: Indeed, the process of impoverishment is underway, and it will become very sensitive by the end of the year. People will be annoyed, and in response, the authorities will point out to the enemies that have led to impoverishment. This, of course, will be the West. However, there will also be an internal enemy – those who do not agree with Putin’s policy, the “fifth column”. The indignation of the people will be led by the authorities, those who arranged all this.


Most likely, extreme left National Socialism will emerge, and it will be accompanied by large-scale repression and the defeat of all that part of society that does not agree with the current policies.


Corriere Della Sera:  You said in a recent interview that Russia wants to build a separate civilisation with Ukraine, which will become part of it…


Grigory Yavlinsky: I think that now Russia is trying to absorb Ukraine and make it live the way Russia lives today. But Ukraine wants to be a European country. This is an irresolvable contradiction.


Corriere Della Sera:  Did the West disregard Putin’s signals about Ukraine?


Grigory Yavlinsky: In the past 30 years, the West has not developed a serious strategy towards Russia and the former Soviet republics, especially those in the European part. There was no talk about reforming Western institutions in such a way so as to integrate Russia into them.


The West disregarded all the signals coming from Putin: the Munich speech in 2007, the events in Georgia in 2008, and Syria. It reacted sluggishly to the events of 2014 in Ukraine. On 12 July, 2021, Putin wrote a long article that was merely a declaration of war [to Ukraine]. However, in the West, they read Putin’s article only at the end of November, when American intelligence began talking about the buildup of the Russian troops on the border with Ukraine.


Corriere Della Sera:  In 2018, you presented your plan for resolving the conflict in Ukraine. How did you see the solution to the issue then?


Grigory Yavlinsky: At that time, I thought that a way out of the situation was a referendum on Crimea under international auspices, international guardianship over Donbass, introduction of a peacekeeping contingent there, demilitarisation of the region and then transfer of these territories to Ukraine. Now we need already a different plan.


Corriere Della Sera:  Is the future of Russia European or Asian? What is the fate of Russia? What will it be?


Grigory Yavlinsky: The answer to this question is simple: either Russia will become a full-fledged European country within the next 30 – 40 years, or it will cease to exist as an independent modern state.


Now we can talk about this only in one context: it is necessary to stop the tragedy in Ukraine. It is vital to reach ceasefire, conduct an exchange of war prisoners all for all and exchange of the bodies of the dead and then start the negotiations.


Grigory Yavlinsky

is Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of the Russian United Democratic Party Yabloko, Vice President of Liberal International, PhD in Economics, Professor of the National Research University Higher School of Economics.