Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

On the intensification of political reprisals in Russia

Statement by the Yabloko Bureau, 22.04.2021

Photo: Penal colony No. 2 in the town of Pokrov, Vladimir region. / Photo by Yevgeny Odinovok, RIA Novosti

The Yabloko party states that large-scale political reprisals have been unleashed in Russia. The intensification of the persecution of political opponents and merely those people who actively disagree with Putin’s policies represents a direct consequence of the unlawful changes in the Constitution of the Russian Federation implemented by the regime in July 2020.

Political repression is the only response of the Russian authorities to the growing public discontent with the twenty-year irremovable rule by President Putin and complete inability of the super-authoritarian system headed by him to solve the real problems of [Russian] citizens.


Almost every day there come reports of new criminal cases against political and public activists, journalists, opposition deputies of different levels, arrests and interrogations.


Hundreds of people in Russia are political prisoners – either convicted on “political” articles (participation in public actions, participation in the activities of “undesirable” organisations, etc.), or convicted for obviously political reasons, rather than for what they are officially charged with.


Some of the criminal cases, such as the Novoye Velichiye (“New Greatness”) case [when young people discussing politics were charged and convicted with creation of an extremist organisation], are fabricated by law enforcement agencies, with participation of provocateurs, while others, such as the “Network case”, are based only on the “confessions” of the accused, knocked out by torture.


The judicial system, the public prosecutor’s office and the investigation have been turned into an instrument of formalising the will of the country’s political leadership, and when considering cases of reprisals against opponents of the government, disregard the law and demonstratively ignore any arguments of the defence.


Among political prisoners there are many who (like [historian] Yury Dmitriyev, whose imprisonment term was increased to 13 years in a fabricated case as revenge for his investigation of the crimes of the Stalin’s period) are close to us in their views, and those with whom (as with Alexei Navalny) we disagree on many things. But this does not matter here – we demand the immediate release of all political prisoners, regardless of their political views.


However, the struggle of the Russian political regime with its opponents is not limited to politically motivated sentences against them.


Murders – both committed (such as the murder of [journalist and head of the Yabloko branch in Kalmykia] Larissa Yudina, [Yabloko MP and journalist] Yuri Shchekochikhin, Boris Nemtsov, [human rights activist and head of the Yabloko branch in Dagestan] Farid Babayev and others) and attempted murders for political reasons (such as the poisoning of Vladimir Kara-Murza Jr which was repeated twice, and the poisoning of Alexei Navalny probably by a chemical warfare) are a fact.


This gives us grounds to declare the existence of “death squads” in Russia, that are eliminating people, politicians and journalists undesirable for the authorities.


We regard this as a grave crime and as a form of state political terror.


We categorically demand to immediately put an end to political terror and bring to justice all those involved in it.


We have insisted and go on to insist on a full-fledged comprehensive and convincing investigation of attempts at political assassinations: the poisonings of Vladimir Kara-Murza Jr. and Alexei Navalny. The Yabloko party considers the deliberate creation of an atmosphere of complete obscurity around the poisoning of Vladimir Kara-Murza and Alexei Navalny outrageous and calls on all the responsible political forces in Russia and the West to bring maximum political clarity to what happened. References to privacy or extreme secrecy are not acceptable in these cases.


To a great extent “torture” conditions in prisons, where prisoners are cynically denied the necessary medical care, openly (as in the case of Alexei Navalny) ignoring the norms of the law that guarantee convicts the aid of doctors of their choice who are independent of the penitentiary system are also an [established] fact.


We demand an end to the violation of these norms of the law: the fact of imprisonment by a court verdict cannot and should not mean the deprivation of the convicted person of the right to receive the necessary medical care.


We demand immediate access to all prisoners who need it of doctors of their choice.


We demand a radical humanisation of the Federal Penitentiary Service system. The Yabloko party considers it necessary that the penitentiary system does not narrow, but, on the contrary, expand the admission of civilian doctors to convicts, on the basis of humane and reasonable rules.


The Russian United Democratic Party Yabloko demands an immediate end to political persecution in Russia and the release of all political prisoners.


Nikolai Rybakov,

Yabloko Chairman