Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Lev Shlosberg about the Pskov region budget: We observe chronic budget deficiency

Press Release, 29.12.2020

Photo: Lev Shlosberg, MP of the Pskov Regional Assembly from Yabloko, member of the conciliatory commission on the draft regional budget from the Yabloko faction, Deputy Chairman of the Committee on Legislation and Local Self-Government of the Pskov Regional Assembly of Deputies

 Deputies of the regional parliament adopted the budget of the Pskov region for 2021 in three readings. In the third and final reading, the bill was supported by a pro-government majority of 33 deputies (the United Russia, and A Just Russia factions). The leaders of the regional branches of Yabloko, the Communist Party of the Russian Federation and LDPR condemned the colonial budgetary policy of the federal centre and refused to support the bill.

Before the vote on the regional budget for 2021, parliamentarians from both the ruling party and the opposition expressed their views. The former insisted that it is necessary to work with the existing budget and be responsible for it, the latter drew attention to the impossibility of covering the needs of the region and its residents at the expense of the funds envisaged in the draft budget.


Lev Shlosberg, deputy of the Pskov Regional Assembly from Yabloko, noted that every resident of the region was engaged in replenishing the regional budget as a taxpayer, and the responsibility of each deputy was to assess the draft budget from a public political position.


“According to a general estimate, the Pskov region annually lacks about 20 billion roubles to meet basic needs. This is half of the current revenues of the regional budget. Take any municipal budget. There is annually chronic budgetary insufficiency. We need to talk about these problems. These are political problems. This missing money include salaries of people, support of budget-financed organisations, the budget-financed part of healthcare, culture, education, housing and utilities services, roads, economic support. We must understand that the basic macro-budgetary problems have not been resolved to date. It is impossible to hide these problems,” Shlosberg said.


He also stressed that the actual spending on healthcare in the Pskov region should be increased threefold, but this money was not available either through the Compulsory Medical Insurance Federal Fund or the regional budget.


“We have presented our 18 amendments. The administration disagreed with the sources. This is their right. But we insist on the essence of these amendments,” the leader of the Pskov Yabloko noted.


The conciliatory commission, which consisted of five deputies of the Pskov Regional Assembly and five senior officials of the regional administration, worked for ten days on the draft regional budget for the second reading and considered many initiatives, including 18 amendments and 25 proposals that were submitted to the regional parliament by deputies from Yabloko Arthur Gaiduk and Lev Shlosberg.


As a result, eight out of 18 proposals of the Yabloko faction will be fully implemented, and another eights will be partially realised.


It should be noted that Yabloko MPs Lev Shlosberg and Artur Gaiduk proposed to redistribute about 880 million roubles in the budget of the Pskov region and introduced 18 amendments to the Regional Legislative Assembly, which can be conditionally divided into four blocks: preservation of regional additional payments to doctors dealing with coronavirus for 2021 (647,127 mln roubles); maintaining the expenditure for provision of free medicines for those categories of citizens who are entitled to it at the level of 2020 (143 mln roubles), a 7% increase in the wages fund and the material expenses fund of all medical organisations in the region (78,541 mln roubles) and ensuring fire safety in the Pskov perinatal centre (10,900 roubles).


At the end of the session, Lev Shlosberg commented on the parliamentarians’ vote on the budget for the coming year and the differences that arose:


“The budget is the quintessence of all policies. The budget is the taxpayer’s funds that have become the law. A deputy’s position on the budget is an assessment of the entire state policy. What the funds are spent on, how the priorities are set, where there is enough money and where there is not, who is limited and in what. The key problems of the regional budget have not been solved for years: overwhelming public debt, commercial loans with very high interest rate, inflated revenues from taxes, unrealisable agreements with the Ministry of Finance, reduction of the network of social organisations, cuts in local government spending, stagnation of utilities, and ineffective budget investments.


All this is a subject for assessment for a deputy and the position of the deputy when voting on the budget. In this vote, we represent the position of our voters – all those who consider the resources and capabilities of the budget of the Pskov region insufficient, and the budgetary policy unsatisfactory. One cannot advocates a budget made of debt and poverty, even if the crumbs of this pie go to people. One cannot support what is abnormal and give people the impression that such a budget is a norm,” Lev Shlosberg stressed.